Federal Funds for Research and Development: Fiscal Years 2002, 2003, and 2004

Appendix B. Notes Associated with Agencies Included in the Survey of Federal Funds for Research and Development: Volumes 32–52


Federal funds data, as collected, span three U.S. Government fiscal years: the fiscal year just completed, the current fiscal year, and the President's budget year. Actual data are collected for the year just completed, and estimates are obtained for the current fiscal year and the budget year. The volumes in this report span FY 1982–84 through FY 2002–04. For volume 52, actual data were collected for FY 2002 and estimates were collected for FY 2003 and 2004.

 


Department of Agriculture
 
Agricultural Marketing Service Although the Agricultural Marketing Service was established in April 1972, Congress first appropriated funds to this agency in FY 1979. Data reported for the Agricultural Marketing Service include funds for the Office of Transportation beginning in 1989.
Agricultural Research Service The Human Nutrition Information Service merged with the Agricultural Research Service on 20 February 1994.
Agricultural Stabilization and Conservation Service The Agricultural Stabilization and Conservation Service was abolished as of 20 October 1994.
Cooperative State Research, Education, and Extension Service The Cooperative State Research Service merged with the Extension Service on 19 October 1994, to become the Cooperative State Research, Education, and Extension Service.
Economic Research Service Data reported for the Economics, Statistics, and Cooperative Service include programs of the Economic Research Service, the Statistical Reporting Service, and the Farmer Cooperative Service for FY 1977–79. Data reported for the Economics and Statistics Service include programs of the Economic Research Service and the Statistical Reporting Service for FY 1980.
Farmer Cooperative Service Data reported for the Economics, Statistics, and Cooperative Service include programs of the Economic Research Service, the Statistical Reporting Service, and the Farmer Cooperative Service for FY 1977–79.
Statistical Reporting Service Data reported for the Economics, Statistics, and Cooperative Service include programs of the Economic Research Service, the Statistical Reporting Service, and the Farmer Cooperative Service for FY 1977–79.
Economics, Statistics, and Cooperative Service Data reported for the Economics, Statistics, and Cooperative Service include programs of the Economic Research Service, the Statistical Reporting Service, and the Farmer Cooperative Service for FY 1977–79.
Economics and Statistics Service Data reported for the Economics and Statistics Service include programs of the Economic Research Service and the Statistical Reporting Service for FY 1980.
Foreign Agricultural Service The Office of International Cooperation and Development became part of the Foreign Agricultural Service (FAS) in June 1994. Data reported for FAS include funds appropriated to International Cooperation and Development programs within FAS as of FY 1994.
Grain Inspection Packers and Stockyards Administration The Federal Grain Inspection Service was abolished on 20 October 1994, and the Grain Inspection Packers and Stockyards Administration assumed its functions.
Human Nutrition Information Service The Human Nutrition Information Service merged with the Agricultural Research Service on 20 February 1994.
Office of International Cooperation and Development The Office of International Cooperation and Development became part of the Foreign Agricultural Service (FAS) in June 1994. Data reported for FAS include funds appropriated to International Cooperation and Development programs within FAS as of FY 1994.
Office of Transportation Data reported for the Agricultural Marketing Service include funds for the Office of Transportation beginning in 1989.
Rural Business-Cooperative Service This agency's name changed from the Rural Business and Cooperative Development Service to the Rural Business-Cooperative Service on 30 January 1996.
Department of Commerce  
Maritime Administration In 1981 the Maritime Administration moved from the Department of Commerce to the Department of Transportation.
National Fire Prevention and Control Administration Functions for the National Fire Prevention and Control Administration were transferred from the Department of Commerce to the Federal Emergency Management Agency as of 1 April 1979.
Department of Defense Beginning with volume 40 (FY 1990–92), Department of Defense (DoD) research is reported separately from DoD development. DoD states that more than 90 percent of its development reported for universities and colleges is performed at off-campus, university-affiliated laboratories that are not involved in teaching. Beginning with volume 44 (FY 1994–96), DoD development obligations are reported in two categories: advanced technology and major systems. Geographic data for these categories are not reported; therefore, geographic tables show only total development.Not all DoD agencies with development obligations are able to categorize them according to the advanced technology and major systems development breakdown. Therefore, in the volume 46 survey cycle, total DoD development does not equal the sum of total DoD advanced technology development and total DoD major systems development.
Defense Agencies  
Chemical and Biological Defense Prior to FY 2000, Chemical and Biological Defense's R&D was reported with the Washington Headquarters Services.
Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency This agency's name changed to the Advanced Research Projects Agency on 13 July 1993, and it was changed back to Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency in February 1996.
Defense Special Weapons Agency The Defense Nuclear Agency was renamed the Defense Special Weapons Agency in 1996, as a result of a new charter and an expanded mission.The Defense Threat Reduction Agency (DTRA) was established on 1 October 1998. DTRA was formed through a merger of elements of the Office of the Secretary of Defense staff, the Defense Technology Security Administration, the Defense Special Weapons Agency, and the On-Site Inspection Agency.
Defense Threat Reduction Agency The Defense Threat Reduction Agency (DTRA) was established on 1 October 1998. DTRA was formed through a merger of elements of the Office of the Secretary of Defense staff, the Defense Technology Security Administration, the Defense Special Weapons Agency, and the On-Site Inspection Agency.
Joint Staff The name of this agency changed from Joint Chiefs of Staff to Joint Staff in FY 1986.
National Imagery and Mapping Agency The Defense Mapping Agency merged with the newly created National Imagery and Mapping Agency on 1 October 1996.
TRICARE Management Activity TRICARE Management Activity oversees delivery of healthcare to active duty and retired members of the uniformed services and their family members and survivors.
Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences Data for the Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences are included with the Washington Headquarters Services' submission as of volume 45.
Washington Headquarters Services Data for the Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences are included with the Washington Headquarters Services' submission as of volume 45.Public Law No. 103-160, Section 1703 makes the Office of the Secretary of Defense responsible for the Chemical and Biological Defense Program (CBDP). Section 1701 requires the creation of CBDP research, development, test, and evaluation program elements established in the FY 1996–97 President's Budget. Data for these new program elements are included in the Federal Funds Survey as of volume 46. Washington Headquarters Services' basic research data were revised in volume 47 to reflect changes that were not incorporated in volume 46.Prior to FY 2000, Chemical and Biological Defense's R&D was reported with the Washington Headquarters Services.
Department of the Army, Civil Functions Department of the Army, Civil Functions (Corps of Engineers), development activities are appropriated by the Energy and Water Development Act and therefore cannot be categorized according to the advanced technology and major systems development breakdown.
Defense Civil Preparedness Agency Functions for the Defense Civil Preparedness Agency were transferred from the Department of Defense to the Federal Emergency Management Agency on 20 July 1979.
Operational Test and Evaluation, Director On 7 June 1999 the Secretary of Defense approved the disestablishment of the Office of the Director, Test, Systems Engineering and Evaluation. As a result of the restructure, the Director, Operational Test and Evaluation, has assumed management responsibility for the Central Test and Evaluation Investment Program and the Test and Evaluation Program, excluding the Joint Test and Evaluation Program.
Test and Evaluation, Deputy Undersecretary of Defense On 7 June 1999 the Secretary of Defense approved the disestablishment of the Office of the Director, Test, Systems Engineering and Evaluation. As a result of the restructure, the Director, Operational Test and Evaluation, has assumed management responsibility for the Central Test and Evaluation Investment Program and the Test and Evaluation Program, excluding the Joint Test and Evaluation Program.
Department of Energy In 1977 the Energy Research and Development Administration became part of the Department of Energy. In FY 1982 the Bonneville Power Administration became part of the Department of Energy.In January 1996 the Bureau of Mines was abolished, and some of its activities were transferred to the Bureau of Land Management, the Geological Survey, and the Department of Energy.
Department of Health and Human Services  
Administration on Aging In FY 1991 Human Development Services was replaced by the Administration for Children and Families (ACF) and by the Administration on Aging (AoA). Beginning in FY 1992, data shown for the ACF are separate from obligations for the AoA.
Administration for Children and Families Obligations reported for the Administration for Children and Families may be incomplete for FY 1992 due to unavailability of data. In FY 1991 Human Development Services was replaced by the Administration for Children and Families (ACF) and by the Administration on Aging (AoA). Beginning in FY 1992, data shown for the ACF are separate from obligations for the AoA.
Agency for Health Care Policy and Research The Agency for Health Care Policy and Research was renamed the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality as stated in the Healthcare Research and Quality Act of 1999, signed by the President on 6 December 1999.
Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality In FY 1991 the Agency for Health Care Policy and Research became separate from the Office of the Assistant Secretary for Health.The Agency for Health Care Policy and Research was renamed the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality as stated in the Healthcare Research and Quality Act of 1999, signed by the President on 6 December 1999.
Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry Prior to FY 2000, data reported for the Environmental Protection Agency include R&D data for the Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry.
Alcohol, Drug Abuse, and Mental Health Administration Due to reorganization within the Department of Health and Human Services, the Alcohol, Drug Abuse, and Mental Health Administration ceased to exist as of October 1992, and its R&D functions are reported with National Institutes of Health data beginning with FY 1992. However, research support for some fields (such as psychology) in FY 1992 seems to be underreported.
Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services As of 1 July 2001, the Health Care Financing Administration became the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services.
Health Care Financing Administration As of 1 July 2001, the Health Care Financing Administration became the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services.
Human Development Services In FY 1991 Human Development Services was replaced by the Administration for Children and Families (ACF) and the Administration on Aging (AoA). Beginning in FY 1992, data shown for the ACF are separate from obligations for the AoA.
National Institutes of Health Due to reorganization within the Department of Health and Human Services, the Alcohol, Drug Abuse, and Mental Health Administration ceased to exist as of October 1992, and its R&D functions are reported with the National Institutes of Health data beginning with FY 1992. However, research support for some fields (such as psychology) in FY 1992 seems to be underreported. Beginning in FY 2000 the National Institutes of Health classified all of its development activities as research.
Office of the Assistant Secretary for Health In FY 1991 the Agency for Health Care Policy and Research became separate from the Office of the Assistant Secretary for Health.As of FY 1996 the Office of the Assistant Secretary for Health merged with the Office of the Secretary (OS). The merger created a new role for the Assistant Secretary for Health who became head of the Office of Public Health and Science, a new division within OS.
Office of the Secretary As of FY 1996 the Office of the Assistant Secretary for Health merged with the Office of the Secretary (OS). The merger created a new role for the Assistant Secretary for Health who became head of the Office of Public Health and Science, a new division within OS.
Office of Public Health and Science As of FY 1996 the Office of the Assistant Secretary for Health merged with the Office of the Secretary (OS). The merger created a new role for the Assistant Secretary for Health who became head of the Office of Public Health and Science, a new division within OS.
Social Security Administration As of 31 March 1995 the Social Security Administration became an independent agency; it is no longer part of the Department of Health and Human Services.
Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration Data from the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA) are estimates based on SAMHSA's obligations by program activity budget and previously reported funding for development.
Department of Homeland Security On 25 November 2002, the President signed the Homeland Security Act of 2002, establishing the Department of Homeland Security.
Department of the Interior  
Bonneville Power Administration In FY 1982 the Bonneville Power Administration became part of the Department of Energy.
Bureau of Land Management In January 1996 the Bureau of Mines was abolished, and some of its activities were transferred to the Bureau of Land Management, the Geological Survey, and the Department of Energy.
Bureau of Mines In January 1996 the Bureau of Mines was abolished, and some of its activities were transferred to the Bureau of Land Management, the Geological Survey, and the Department of Energy.
Geological Survey As of 1985 the Office of Water Research and Technology has been combined with the Geological Survey. As of FY 1996 data for the National Biological Service (NBS) are included with the Geological Survey's submission, since NBS's funding comes from the Geological Survey's congressional appropriation. In January 1996 the Bureau of Mines was abolished, and some of its activities were transferred to the Bureau of Land Management, the Geological Survey, and the Department of Energy.
National Biological Service The name of the National Biological Service (NBS) changed from the National Biological Survey on 5 January 1995. As of FY 1994, NBS performs all biological research activities formerly funded by the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service and the National Park Service. As of FY 1996 data for the NBS are included with the Geological Survey's submission, since NBS's funding comes from the Geological Survey's congressional appropriation.
National Park Service The National Biological Service's (NBS) name changed from the National Biological Survey on 5 January 1995. As of FY 1994, NBS performs all biological research activities formerly funded by the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service and the National Park Service.
Office of the Secretary The Department of Interior's Office of the Secretary has not funded any R&D activities since FY 1995.
Office of Water Research and Technology As of 1985 the Office of Water Research and Technology has been combined with the Geological Survey.
U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service The National Biological Service's (NBS) name changed from the National Biological Survey on 5 January 1995. As of FY 1994, NBS performs all biological research activities formerly funded by the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service and the National Park Service.
Department of Justice  
Bureau of Prisons The Bureau of Prisons was formerly listed as the Federal Prison System.
Drug Enforcement Administration Large differences exist between the Drug Enforcement Administration's FY 1996 and 1997 R&D funding amounts due to changes in this agency's R&D programs.
Immigration and Naturalization Service FY 1997–99 figures for the Immigration and Naturalization Service are based on the agency's volume 46 submission.
Department of Labor  
Labor-Management Relations and Cooperative Programs In 1984 Labor-Management Relations and Cooperative Programs replaced the Labor-Management Services Administration.
Labor-Management Services Administration In 1984 Labor-Management Relations and Cooperative Programs replaced the Labor-Management Services Administration.
Department of State Effective 1 April 1999, all functions and authorities of the U.S. Arms Control and Disarmament Agency were transferred to the Department of State. On 1 October 1999, the U.S. Information Agency was integrated into the Department of State.
Agency for International Development The Agency for International Development transferred from the Department of State to the International Development Cooperation Agency on 1 October 1979. Increases in outlays and obligations reported by the Department of State during the volume 44 survey cycle reflect reporting of monies received through interagency agreements with the Agency for International Development. The Department of State transfers these outlays and obligations to other R&D performers. Since the experimental New Management System, which is an integrated system containing the Agency for International Development's (AID) budget and accounting records, does not contain codes for determining either fields of science and engineering or performer data, the National Science Foundation has estimated these data based on AID's Budget Authority (FY 2000–02) and AID's Federal funds survey submission to volume 44 (FY 1994–96). More accurate data for AID will be reported in future volumes of this survey.
Department of Transportation  
Federal Highway Administration The Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration, formerly a part of the Federal Highway Administration, was established within the Department of Transportation on 1 January 2000, as stated in the Motor Carrier Safety Improvement Act of 1999 (Public Law No. 106-159, 113 Stat. 1748, 9 December 1999).
Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration The Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration, formerly a part of the Federal Highway Administration, was established within the Department of Transportation on 1 January 2000, as stated in the Motor Carrier Safety Improvement Act of 1999 (Public Law No. 106-159, 113 Stat. 1748, 9 December 1999).
Federal Transit Administration The name of this agency changed from the Urban Mass Transit Administration to the Federal Transit Administration on 18 December 1991.
Maritime Administration In 1981 the Maritime Administration moved from the Department of Commerce to the Department of Transportation. Beginning with FY 1996, the Maritime Administration has had no directly appropriated funding for research and development activities.
Transportation Security Administration On 19 November 2001 the President signed into law the Aviation and Transportation Security Act, which among other things established a new Transportation Security Administration within the Department of Transportation.
Department of the Treasury  
Internal Revenue Service Due to the reorganization of the Internal Revenue Service and subsequent unavailability of data, FY 1992 figures are taken from estimates made in the volume 41 submission. Large changes in obligations reported by the Internal Revenue Service for volume 44 are due to shifts in research funding.
Office of Thrift Supervision In 1989 the Office of Thrift Supervision replaced the Federal Home Loan Bank Board. In 1990 the Office of Thrift Supervision became part of the Department of the Treasury.
U.S. Customs Service FY 1997–99 figures for U.S. Customs Service are estimates based on agency's volume 46 submission.
U.S. Secret Service The U.S. Secret Service was formerly listed as the Office of Protective Research.
Other agencies  
Broadcasting Board of Governors The Broadcasting Board of Governors became an independent Federal entity on 1 October 1999, as mandated by the Foreign Affairs Reform and Restructuring Act (Public Law 105-277) signed by the President on 21 October 1998.
Energy Research and Development Administration The Energy Research and Development Administration was an independent agency until October 1977, when it became part of the Department of Energy.
Environmental Protection Agency Prior to FY 2000, data reported for the Environmental Protection Agency include R&D data for the Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry.
Federal Emergency Management Agency Functions for the Defense Civil Preparedness Agency were transferred from the Department of Defense to the Federal Emergency Management Agency on 20 July 1979. Functions for the National Fire Prevention and Control Administration were transferred from the Department of Commerce to the Federal Emergency Management Agency as of 1 April 1979.
National Fire Prevention and Control Administration Functions for the National Fire Prevention and Control Administration transferred from the Department of Commerce to the Federal Emergency Management Agency as of 1 April 1979.
General Services Administration As of 1985 the National Archives and Records Administration is separate from the General Services Administration.
International Development Cooperation Agency The Agency for International Development transferred from the Department of State to the International Development Cooperation Agency on 1 October 1979.
Agency for International Development Increases in outlays and obligations reported by the Department of State during the volume 44 survey cycle reflect reporting of monies received through interagency agreements with the Agency for International Development. The Department of State transfers these outlays and obligations to other R&D performers. Since the experimental New Management System, which is an integrated system containing the Agency for International Development's (AID) budget and accounting records, does not contain codes for determining either fields of science and engineering or performer data, the National Science Foundation has estimated these data based on AID's Budget Authority (FY 1996–1998) and AID's Federal Funds Survey submission to volume 44 (FY 1994–1996). More accurate data for AID will be reported in future volumes of this survey.The Agency for International Development transferred from the Department of State to the International Development Cooperation Agency on 1 October 1979.
National Aeronautics and Space Administration During the volume 45 survey cycle, the National Aeronautics and Space Administration made a statistical adjustment to the 1994 and 1995 field of science and engineering values to diminish a computational error introduced by its software. Beginning in FY 2000 the National Aeronautics and Space Administration reclassified Space Station as a physical asset and Space Station Research as equipment, and transferred funding for the program from R&D to R&D plant.
National Archives and Records Administration As of 1985 the National Archives and Records Administration is separate from the General Services Administration.  
National Science Foundation The National Science Foundation has made changes to its field of science and engineering coding system, producing changes to some of the FY 1996 field of science data (such as mechanical engineering). These changes are reflected in the historical data tables.
Office of Thrift Supervision In 1989 the Office of Thrift Supervision replaced the Federal Home Loan Bank Board. In 1990 the Office of Thrift Supervision became part of the Department of the Treasury.
Social Security Administration As of 31 March 1995, the Social Security Administration became an independent agency; it is no longer part of the Department of Health and Human Services.
Tennessee Valley Authority During the volume 47 survey cycle, the Tennessee Valley Authority (TVA) made adjustments to its 1996, 1997, 1998, and 1999 R&D values to correct reporting errors. In recent years, most of the funds TVA has reported have been those invested by TVA's Office of Power, rather than congressionally appropriated funds. In addition, a substantial amount of congressionally appropriated funds earmarked for environmental compliance and site restoration were erroneously reported as R&D in past years. TVA has determined that these funds do not meet the criteria for classification as R&D spending. Some trend shifts are related to these adjustments, since TVA can only make revisions as far back as 1996.
U.S. Arms Control and Disarmament Agency FY 1994 figures for the U.S. Arms Control and Disarmament Agency are estimates based on the agency's volume 43 submission. Effective 1 April 1999, all functions and authorities of the U.S. Arms Control and Disarmament Agency were transferred to the Department of State.
U.S. Information Agency Data reported for the U.S. Information Agency include funds for the former International Communication Agency for FY 1977–81. On 1 October 1999, the U.S. Information Agency was integrated into the Department of State.
U.S. International Trade Commission In 2000 the U.S. International Trade Commission no longer classified any of its activities as R&D.

 


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