Table 4-1
Top 3 baccalaureate fields associated with major field of doctorate: 1960–64 and 1995–99
 
  Doctorate received 1960–64   Doctorate received 1995–99
Doctorate field Baccalaureate field Percent   Baccalaureate field Percent
Science and engineering
Agricultural sciences Agricultural sciences 76.7   Agricultural sciences 62.7
  Biological sciences 12.4   Biological sciences 19.0
  Education 4.6   Engineering 3.8
 
Biological sciences Biological sciences 54.6   Biological sciences 68.5
  Chemistry 16.7   Chemistry 8.5
  Agricultural sciences 11.7   Health sciences 5.8
 
Earth, atmospheric, and ocean sciences Earth, atmospheric, and
ocean sciences
75.7   Earth, atmospheric, and
ocean sciences
56.2
  Physics and astronomy 5.4   Physics and astronomy 11.4
  Engineering 3.7   Biological sciences 8.7
 
Mathematics and computer sciences Mathematics and computer
sciences
71.6   Mathematics and computer
sciences
72.9
  Engineering 10.4   Engineering 14.0
  Physics and astronomy 7.7   Physics and astronomy 3.5
 
Mathematics Not distinguishable from computer
sciences
na   Mathematics 81.1
  Engineering 6.1
  Physics and astronomy 3.5
 
Computer sciences Not distinguishable from
mathematics
na   Computer sciences 45.5
  Engineering 23.7
  Mathematics 14.5
 
Physical sciences
Chemistry Chemistry 86.5   Chemistry 83.8
  Engineering 4.6   Biological sciences 4.6
  Health sciences 2.9   Engineering 4.6
 
Physics and astronomy Physics and astronomy 76.4   Physics and astronomy 81.6
  Engineering 13.0   Engineering 10.6
  Mathematics and computer sciences 4.6   Mathematics and computer sciences 3.6
 
Psychology Psychology 65.8   Psychology 70.0
  Humanities 12.7   Humanities 8.5
  Social sciences 6.3   Social sciences 5.2
 
Social sciences Social sciences 57.7   Social sciences 58.8
  Humanities 16.6   Humanities 15.8
  Professional fields/other 9.2   Professional fields/other 8.1
 
Engineering Engineering 89.3   Engineering 86.3
  Physics and astronomy 3.7   Physics and astronomy 5.5
  Chemistry 2.5   Mathematics and computer sciences 2.9
 
Non-science and engineering
Education Education 44.1   Education 41.1
  Humanities 24.6   Humanities 17.4
  Social sciences 8.9   Professional fields/other 9.4
 
Health sciences Health sciences 52.9   Health sciences 54.4
  Biological sciences 14.5   Biological sciences 14.9
  Chemistry 10.9   Psychology 5.2
 
Humanities Humanities 84.7   Humanities 80.4
  Education 4.5   Social sciences 6.2
  Social sciences 4.2   Education 4.3
 
Professional fields/other Professional fields/other 51.2   Professional fields/other 41.3
  Social sciences 15.9   Humanities 15.5
  Humanities 14.4   Social sciences 13.8
na = not applicable
 
NOTE: Percentages are based on number of Ph.D.s in doctoral field.
 
SOURCE: NSF/NIH/USED/NEH/USDA/NASA, Survey of Earned Doctorates and Doctorate Records File.
 
U.S. Doctorates in the 20th Century