Table 4-3
Education-related debt of doctorate recipients: 1988–89 and 1998–99
(Percent)
 
  All fields   Science and engineering   Non-science and engineering
Debt level 1988–89 1998–99   1988–89 1998–99   1988–89 1998–99
No debt 52.9 50.4   51.2 51.6   55.7 48.2
Total with debt 47.1 49.6   48.8 48.4   44.3 51.8
$5,000 or less 16.5 9.8   16.6 10.1   16.3 9.3
$5,001–$10,000 12.5 8.1   13.0 8.2   11.6 8.0
$10,001–$20,000 11.2 11.8   11.6 11.7   10.6 12.0
$20,001–$30,000 4.6 7.5   4.9 6.9   4.0 8.5
$30,001 or more 2.0 12.4   2.3 11.5   1.4 14.0
Debt level unknown 0.3 0.0   0.3 0.0   0.3 0.0
 
SOURCE: NSF/NIH/USED/NEH/USDA/NASA, Survey of Earned Doctorates and Doctorate Records File.
 
U.S. Doctorates in the 20th Century