Table 6-3
Employment sectors of Ph.D.s with U.S. postgraduation work commitments, by major field of doctorate: 1970–74 and 1995–99
(Percent)
 
Field Academe Industry and
self-employment
Government Other
1970–74
All fields 66.7 12.2 10.3 10.7
Science and engineering 57.6 22.1 14.4 5.8
Agricultural sciences 56.9 23.5 17.7 1.9
Biological sciences 69.7 10.5 14.2 5.6
Earth, atmospheric, and ocean sciences 51.9 23.1 22.3 2.7
Mathematics and computer sciences 80.1 12.2 5.8 1.9
Physical sciences 36.3 43.5 16.0 4.2
Psychology 56.6 5.7 21.6 16.1
Social sciences 83.6 3.6 8.1 4.7
Engineering 26.9 51.8 17.4 3.8
 
Non-science and engineering 76.1 2.0 6.1 15.8
Education 64.0 1.5 8.7 25.8
Health 65.5 10.8 15.1 8.6
Humanities 93.5 0.8 1.4 4.3
Professional fields/other 82.9 6.1 6.2 4.8
 
1995–99
All fields 49.4 26.6 7.8 16.2
Science and engineering 36.5 44.4 10.9 8.2
Agricultural sciences 37.5 41.8 15.8 4.8
Biological sciences 46.8 31.5 13.6 8.0
Earth, atmospheric, and ocean sciences 33.9 38.4 22.4 5.3
Mathematics and computer sciences 47.4 44.9 4.9 2.7
Physical sciences 21.1 67.9 7.6 3.4
Psychology 37.2 24.3 13.4 25.2
Social sciences 65.7 14.0 10.8 9.4
Engineering 14.3 72.7 10.6 2.4
 
Non-science and engineering 62.8 8.2 4.5 24.5
Education 48.0 6.5 5.4 40.1
Health sciences 59.3 17.5 11.1 12.1
Humanities 82.8 5.8 1.7 9.7
Professional fields/other 74.7 13.2 3.4 8.7
 
SOURCE: NSF/NIH/USED/NEH/USDA/NASA, Survey of Earned Doctorates and Doctorate Records File.
 
U.S. Doctorates in the 20th Century