Higher Education Research and Development: Fiscal Year 2011
The data presented in this report were compiled from the National Science Foundation (NSF) FY 2011 Higher Education Research and Development (HERD) Survey. The HERD Survey is a revision of the previous annual collection, the Survey of Research and Development Expenditures at Universities and Colleges, which was conducted from FY 1972 through FY 2009. ICF International currently conducts the survey under contract to NSF.
The survey is conducted annually, and its reference period is the fiscal year of the surveyed institution. It collects the separately budgeted research and development expenditures reported by universities and colleges.
Data from HERD are available at http://www.nsf.gov/statistics/herd/ and in the WebCASPAR database (http://ncsesdata.nsf.gov/webcaspar/). WebCASPAR currently contains data through 2011. Selected data from the survey are included in Academic Institution Profiles (http://ncsesdata.nsf.gov/profiles/).
Terms used in institutional accounting procedures, incorporated throughout the tables, are defined below.
Data presented in trend tables were compiled from the most recently completed survey cycle. Prior-year data have been reviewed for consistency with current-year responses and, when necessary, have been revised in consultation with institutional respondents. Institutions revise data from previous years when important changes occur in reporting practices and program classifications, and only the latest tables incorporate such changes. For accurate historical data, use only the most recently published detailed statistical tables.