Science and Technology Pocket Data Book
Several data series have been revised since the publication of the previous S&T Pocket Data Book. In particular, the U.S. industry R&D data and the Federal support for R&D series have been substantially revised and industry R&D data are subject to future revisions. Additional information on any figure in this booklet may be obtained by calling the Division of Science Resources Studies at (703) 306-1777. Additional copies of this booklet may be obtained by calling (703) 306-1773. All SRS reports are accessible on the World Wide Web at http://www.nsf.gov/statistics/.
Telephonic Device for the Deaf
The National Science Foundation has Telephonic Device for the Deaf (TDD) capability which enables individuals with a hearing impairment to communicate with the Division of Personnel and management for information relating to NSF programs, employment, or general information. The TDD number is (703)306-0090.
National Science Foundation, Science and Technology Pocket Data Book, 1996, NSF 96-325 (Arlington, VA, 1996).
The following figures are available in .Gif format.
National R&D Funding Patterns
Figure 1 The national R&D effort Figure 2 National R&D expenditures, funders, and performers, by character of work: 1996 Figure 3 Federal R&D funding, by budget function Figure 4 Federal R&D budget authority, by function: 1996 Figure 5 Federal obligations, by type of activity Figure 6 Federal R&D obligations, by selected agency
Figure 7 Sources of academmic R&D funding, by sector Figure 8 Academic R&D expenditures, by source of funds Figure 9 Academic R&D expenditures, by field Figure 10 Academic R&D expenditures, by field Figure 11 Percent of academic R&D which is federally financed, by field Figure 12 Academic funding provided by current lead Federal R&D funder, by field
R&D in U.S. Industry
Figure 13 Industrial R&D performance, by source of funds and character of work Figure 14 Industrial R&D performance, by sector Figure 15 Share of industrial R&D funding, by source and industry: 1993
Education of Scientists and Engineers
Figure 16 Bachelor's degrees awarded in major science and engineering fields Figure 17 Master's degrees awarded in major science and engineering fields Figure 18 Doctorates awarded in major science and engineering fields Figure 19 Full-time science and engineering graduate students in all institutions, by source of major support Figure 20 Full-time science and engineering graduate students in all institutions, by type of major support Figure 21 Foreign citizen representation in 1993 U.S. science and engineering graduate education
Working Scientists and Engineers
Figure 22 Scientists and engineers, by highest degree: 1993 Figure 23 Federal scientists and engineers, by major occupational group: 1989-93 Figure 24 Federal scientists and engineers, by race/ethnicity: 1989-93 Figure 25 College graduates in science and engineering in U.S. labor force, by field of degree and race/ethnicity: 1993 Figure 26 Percentage of women and minority scientists and engineers in labor force, by field of degree: 1993 Figure 27 Percentage of minorities in U.S. doctoral science and engineering labor force, by field of degree: 1993
Public Attitudes Toward S&T
Figure 28 Assessments of scientific research Figure 29 Public understanding of the nature of scientific inquiry: 1995 Figure 30 Public use of selected information sources: 1995
International S&T Trends
Figure 31 Comparisons of economic growth Figure 32 National expenditures on R&D, by selected countries Figure 33 R&D as a percentage of GDP, by country Figure 34 R&D expenditures, by country, source, and performer: 1993 Figure 35 Government R&D support, by country and socioeconomic objective: early 1990s Figure 36 Ratio of R&D scientists and engineers per 10,000 workers in the general labor force, by country Figure 37 Scientists and engineers engaged in R&D, by country Figure 38 Immigrant scientists and engineers in the United States, by occupation Figure 39 Scientists and engineers admitted to the United States on permanent visas, by fiscal year of admission and sex: 1989-94 Figure 40 Distribution of articles in world scientific journals, by region: 1993 Figure 41 U.S. patents granted, by nationality of inventor Figure 42 Royalties and fees: U.S. trade balance Figure 43 U.S. royalties and fees generated from the exchange of industrial processes between unaffiliated companies: 1993