Science and Technology Pocket Data Book



Additional Information

Several data series have been revised since the publication of the previous S&T Pocket Data Book. In particular, the U.S. industry R&D data and the Federal support for R&D series have been substantially revised and industry R&D data are subject to future revisions. Additional information on any figure in this booklet may be obtained by calling the Division of Science Resources Studies at (703) 306-1777. Additional copies of this booklet may be obtained by calling (703) 306-1773. All SRS reports are accessible on the World Wide Web at http://www.nsf.gov/statistics/.


Telephonic Device for the Deaf

The National Science Foundation has Telephonic Device for the Deaf (TDD) capability which enables individuals with a hearing impairment to communicate with the Division of Personnel and management for information relating to NSF programs, employment, or general information. The TDD number is (703)306-0090.


Suggested Citation

National Science Foundation, Science and Technology Pocket Data Book, 1996, NSF 96-325 (Arlington, VA, 1996).



The following figures are available in .Gif format.


National R&D Funding Patterns
Figure 1 The national R&D effort
Figure 2 National R&D expenditures, funders, and performers, by character of work: 1996
Figure 3 Federal R&D funding, by budget function
Figure 4 Federal R&D budget authority, by function: 1996
Figure 5 Federal obligations, by type of activity
Figure 6 Federal R&D obligations, by selected agency

Academic R&D
Figure 7 Sources of academmic R&D funding, by sector
Figure 8 Academic R&D expenditures, by source of funds
Figure 9 Academic R&D expenditures, by field
Figure 10 Academic R&D expenditures, by field
Figure 11 Percent of academic R&D which is federally financed, by field
Figure 12 Academic funding provided by current lead Federal R&D funder, by field

R&D in U.S. Industry
Figure 13 Industrial R&D performance, by source of funds and character of work
Figure 14 Industrial R&D performance, by sector
Figure 15 Share of industrial R&D funding, by source and industry: 1993

Education of Scientists and Engineers
Figure 16 Bachelor's degrees awarded in major science and engineering fields
Figure 17 Master's degrees awarded in major science and engineering fields
Figure 18 Doctorates awarded in major science and engineering fields
Figure 19 Full-time science and engineering graduate students in all institutions, by source of major support
Figure 20 Full-time science and engineering graduate students in all institutions, by type of major support
Figure 21 Foreign citizen representation in 1993 U.S. science and engineering graduate education

Working Scientists and Engineers
Figure 22 Scientists and engineers, by highest degree: 1993
Figure 23 Federal scientists and engineers, by major occupational group: 1989-93
Figure 24 Federal scientists and engineers, by race/ethnicity: 1989-93
Figure 25 College graduates in science and engineering in U.S. labor force, by field of degree and race/ethnicity: 1993
Figure 26 Percentage of women and minority scientists and engineers in labor force, by field of degree: 1993
Figure 27 Percentage of minorities in U.S. doctoral science and engineering labor force, by field of degree: 1993

Public Attitudes Toward S&T
Figure 28 Assessments of scientific research
Figure 29 Public understanding of the nature of scientific inquiry: 1995
Figure 30 Public use of selected information sources: 1995

International S&T Trends
Figure 31 Comparisons of economic growth
Figure 32 National expenditures on R&D, by selected countries
Figure 33 R&D as a percentage of GDP, by country
Figure 34 R&D expenditures, by country, source, and performer: 1993
Figure 35 Government R&D support, by country and socioeconomic objective: early 1990s
Figure 36 Ratio of R&D scientists and engineers per 10,000 workers in the general labor force, by country
Figure 37 Scientists and engineers engaged in R&D, by country
Figure 38 Immigrant scientists and engineers in the United States, by occupation
Figure 39 Scientists and engineers admitted to the United States on permanent visas, by fiscal year of admission and sex: 1989-94
Figure 40 Distribution of articles in world scientific journals, by region: 1993
Figure 41 U.S. patents granted, by nationality of inventor
Figure 42 Royalties and fees: U.S. trade balance
Figure 43 U.S. royalties and fees generated from the exchange of industrial processes between unaffiliated companies: 1993


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