Data in this report are current as of July 1996. These data are more current (reflecting updates and revisions) than data on the same variables provided in Science and Engineering Indicators, 1996 which had been released in January 1996.

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In monitoring the resources used in U.S. science and technology, the National Science Foundation assembles and analyzes information about the money and people devoted to research and development and compares U.S. performance with the efforts underway around the globe. Since 1956 we have been issuing reports that summarize national trends. These reports complement the National Science Board's Science & Engineering Indicators volumes, which have been published biennially since 1972, and provide an overview of material presented in several other reports issued by the Division of Science Resources Studies.

Jeanne E. Griffith
Director, Division of Science Resources Studies
Directorate for Social, Behavioral and Economic Sciences

November 1996

Suggested Citation

National Science Foundation, National Patterns of R&D Resources: 1996, NSF 96-333, (Arlington, VA, 1996).

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Data preparation and analysis were performed by Steven Payson and John E. Jankowski, Jr., of the Division of Science Resources Studies.


This report was prepared jointly by Steven Payson, Economist/Science Resources Analyst, and John E. Jankowski, Jr., Program Director, of the Research and Development Statistics Program (RDS), Division of Science Resources Studies (SRS), National Science Foundation. Many other SRS staff members provided data for inclusion in this report and helped review the document for accuracy and currency.

Particular appreciation is given to Jennifer R. Held (RDS) for her valuable work in producing charts and tables, to Nita Congress and Peg Giglitto for their thorough inspection of the report, and to Andy Black for his skillful development of final tables, charts, and text for the document's camera-ready copy. Guidance and supervision were provided by Jeanne Griffith, Director and Al Tupek, Deputy Director, SRS.

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