Graduate Students and Postdoctorates in Science and Engineering: Fall 1995

General Notes

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General Notes

Suggested Citation

National Science Foundation, Graduate Students and Postdoctorates in Science and Engineering: Fall 1995, NSF 97-312 (Arlington, VA, 1997).

Availability of Publications

Single copies are available free of charge from the Division of Science Resources Studies, National Science Foundation, Arlington, VA 22230. SRS data are also available through the World Wide Web ( If you are a user of electronic mail and have access to Internet, you may order publications electronically. Send requests to In your request, include the NSF publication number and title, your name, and a complete mailing address. Printed publications may also be ordered by fax (703-644-4278). Please allow 3 weeks for delivery.

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Data collection, preparation, and tabulations were performed by Quantum Research Corp. for the National Science Foundation. The Project Officer for this report was Joan Burrelli.

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General Notes

Data presented in these tables are derived from the National Science Foundation/National Institutes of Health (NSF/NIH) Survey of Graduate Students and Postdoctorates in Science and Engineering (graduate student survey), Fall 1995. Unless otherwise specified, the published data represent estimates of total enrollment in science and engineering (S&E) programs in approximately 11,598 graduate departments at 602 institutions in the United States and outlying areas.

All eligible institutions were included in the survey population in the years 1988 through 1995. From 1984 through 1987 the surveys were conducted on a stratified random sample basis, with all doctorate-granting institutions, all master's-granting historically black colleges and universities, and all land-grant institutions included in the certainty stratum. The remaining master's-granting institutions were divided into two sample strata on the basis of enrollment size. Data for sampled institutions for the years 1984-87 were reestimated in 1988 on the basis of 1983 and 1988 data. During the 1989 survey cycle, S&E field definitions were reviewed and some departments were deleted. Data for 1975 through 1988 were adjusted to conform to the revised definitions.

In 1992, the citizenship categories requested were modified to conform to those used in other surveys conducted by NSF, the Department of Education's National Center for Education Statistics (NCES), and others. Prior to that time, permanent residents (those who held green cards but had not yet been granted U.S. citizenship) were to be included in "Foreign"; in subsequent years these individuals were included in the "U.S. citizens" total and reported according to racial/ethnic background.

For these reasons, and because institutions may revise their data for earlier years, only the latest trend data should be used in historical analyses.

To meet the needs of those interested in more detailed data of a specific type, NSF has developed a series of Supplementary Data Releases focusing on specific data topics. The supplementary tables as well as the full report are available through the Division of Science Resources Studies World Wide Web site ( For further information on data availability, please contact—

Joan Burrelli, Project Officer
Science and Engineering Education
and Human Resources Program
National Science Foundation
4201 Wilson Boulevard, Suite 965
Arlington, VA 22230

Telephone: (703) 306-1774

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