Characteristics of Doctoral Scientists and Engineers in the United States: 1995

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General Notes

Suggested Citation

National Science Foundation, Division of Science Resources Studies, Characteristics of Doctoral Scientists and Engineers in the United States: 1995, NSF 97-319, R. Keith Wilkinson (Arlington, VA, 1997).

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This publication was developed by R. Keith Wilkinson, Project Officer, Science and Engineering Personnel Program (PER) of the National Science Foundation's Division of Science Resources Studies (SRS). Technical assistance for this project was provided by Linda Hardy of SRS and Geraldine Mooney and Brenda Cox of Mathematica Policy Research under contract No. SRS-94-24161. The project was developed under the supervision of Carlos Kruytbosch, Program Director, PER, with guidance and review provided by the SRS Director, Jeanne E. Griffith. Editorial assistance was provided by Anne Houghton, Julia Harriston, and Tanya Gore of SRS.

SRS is grateful to Susan Mitchell, Peter Henderson, Prudy Brown, Dan Pasquini, and Ramal Moonsinghe from the National Research Council for having conducted the survey under contract No. SRS-95-31746.

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General Notes

This report, presents data on the demographic and employment characteristics of the Nation's doctoral scientists and engineers. The data were developed as part of the Longitudinal Doctorate Project.[1] Current information on the supply and utilization of doctoral personnel in science and engineering reflects the results of the 1995 Survey of Doctorate Recipients (SDR), the twelfth in a biennial series. The population of the 1995 survey includes persons under the age of 76 who hold doctorates in science or engineering from U.S. institutions.

This report provides information on the number of scientists and engineers by demographic characteristics such as citizenship, place of birth, field of degree, and employment-related characteristics such as occupation, sector of employment, median salary, and various labor force rates. Of further note, some tables in this report include estimates for doctoral scientists and engineers employed in 4-year colleges and universities.

In addition to this section on General Notes, this report includes Detailed Statistical Tables, Technical Notes, and the Survey Instrument. The Detailed Statistical Tables section includes employment and salary detail tables. The Technical Notes section contains information on survey methodology, coverage, concepts, definitions, and sampling errors.

Requests for additional information should be directed to R. Keith Wilkinson, Science and Engineering Personnel Program, Division of Science Resources Studies, National Science Foundation, Arlington, VA. 22230. Telephone: (703) 306-1776.


[1] The Longitudinal Doctorate Project consists of the Survey of Doctorate Recipients, a biennial survey conducted since 1973, and the Doctorate Work History File, a longitudinal file of data from these surveys.

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