Highlights

National Research and Development (R&D) Patterns
Science and Engineering Personnel
Government R&D
Industrial R&D
Higher Education
Foreign Students
Academic R&D
Outputs and Impacts


National Research and Development (R&D) Patterns

Science and Engineering Personnel

Government R&D

Industrial R&D

Higher Education

Foreign Students

Academic R&D

Outputs and Impacts


Footnotes

[6] The 1997 government science budget received Cabinet approval and awaits Diet approval.
[7] Japan's percentage is similar to the proportion of engineering degrees in Singapore, Korea, and Taiwan. Only China has a considerably higher concentration on engineering: 40 percent of Chinese undergraduates study engineering (NSF, 1993).