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National Science Foundation, Division of Science Resources Studies, Science and Engineering Degrees, by Race/Ethnicity of Recipients: 1989-95, NSF 97-334, by Susan T. Hill (Arlington, VA, 1997).
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Tabulations and charts were prepared by Quantum Research Corp. for the National Science Foundation. The author for this report was Susan T. Hill.
The preparation of Science and Engineering Degrees, by Race/Ethnicity of Recipients: 1989-95 was overseen by Susan T. Hill, Analyst, Science and Engineering Education and Human Resources Program (EDU), National Science Foundation (NSF), under the overall direction of Mary J. Golladay, Program Director, EDU, and Jeanne E. Griffith, Director, Division of Science Resources Studies (SRS), NSF. NSF reviewers included Rolf Lehming, Myles Boylan, Melissa Pollack, and Eleanor Thomas. Anne Houghton and Julia Harriston provided copyediting, processing, and final composition for this report. Quantum Research Corp. (QRC) of Bethesda, MD, prepared the tables and report copy for printing under NSF contract number SRS-9423167. QRC staff members who worked on this project were Heidi L. Clark, Teresa L. Grimes, George J. Nozicka, Elizabeth H. Peto, and Jennifer D. Ranwez.
This publication is based on data obtained from two surveys. Bachelor's and master's degree data were collected by the National Center for Education Statistics, U.S. Department of Education, from all accredited institutions of higher education. Data on doctorates are from the Survey of Earned Doctorates, a universe survey of individual doctorate recipients that is sponsored by the National Science Foundation (NSF) and four other Federal agencies.
These data cover earned degrees conferred in the aggregate United States, which includes the 50 States, the District of Columbia, and the U.S. Territories and Outlying Areas (American Samoa, the former Canal Zone, the Northern Mariana Islands, Puerto Rico, the U.S. Virgin Islands, and the Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands). Degree data are compiled for a 12-month period, July of one year through June of the following year. For convenience, degrees for such a given 12-month period will be referred to by the year in which the period ended, e.g., 1995 means the 12-month period ending June 1995.
There were two types of changes in the way data were collected during the period covered in this report. Because racial/ethnic data were collected by broad fields of study only (until 1995), the definition of science and engineering used by NSF for this trend report must include fields normally not included. There is one instance where this difference has a large impactthe broad field of "Social Sciences." The U.S. Department of Education includes the field of history in this broad category, so when it collected the racial/ethnic data up until 1995, this field is included.
Before 1985, the broad category of "Engineering" included engineering technologies. This report excludes engineering technologies so that trend data by race/ethnicity are more consistent with the definition of science and engineering used in other NSF reports. If the reader is interested in earlier data for science fields (that are consistent from 1977--93), please request Science and Engineering Degrees, by Race/Ethnicity of Recipients: 1977--91, NSF 94-306.
For more information, please contact the NSF principal authorSusan T. Hill
Division of Science Resources Studies
National Science Foundation
4201 Wilson Boulevard, Suite 965
Arlington, VA 22230
Telephone: (703) 306-1774, ext. 6915
Internet: Susan T. Hill
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