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Executive Summary

The primary purpose of this report is to explore empirically the factors affecting unemployment[1] among individuals with U.S. doctoral degrees in science and engineering in 1993. This information is of interest to individuals who are in-or considering entering-science and engineering, their advisors, and those responsible for programs serving them. The major questions addressed are:

How high were unemployment rates for doctoral scientists and engineers in the early 1990s?

How well can we predict unemployment rates in the doctoral science and engineering population?

If we can't predict unemployment rates, why is it worth asking who is unemployed?

Within the doctoral science and engineering population in 1993, who was most likely to be unemployed?

Have the factors affecting unemployment changed over time?

How well does the unemployment rate perform as an indicator of career outcomes compared to other possible indicators?


[1] The definition of unemployment used in this report is the standard Federal definition of not being employed and either being on lay-off or having sought work within the preceding four weeks. Individuals who are voluntarily without employment due to retirement, illness, family responsibilities, etc. are considered to be out of the labor force.


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