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Research and Development by
Specific Budget Function

National Defense up arrow

The total R&D budget authority request for national defense (function 050) in 1998 is $38.7 billion, which would be a decrease of $0.3 billion-or 1 percent-from estimated 1997 levels. This function consists of the DOD's research, development, test, and evaluation (RDT&E) programs and the atomic energy defense activities of DOE (table 6). The defense function accounts for 54 percent of the total Federal proposed R&D funding in 1998-16 percentage points less than the 1986 share (chart 4). Selected defense changes proposed for R&D funding in FY 1998 are highlighted below.


Health up arrow

The administration proposes a 2-percent increase for R&D health programs (function 550). The proposed $13 billion 1998 health total accounts for 39.5 percent of all Federal nondefense R&D. Although the total budget authority has been increasing, the health share has been fairly stable over the last 10 years, maintaining above a third of the total nondefense R&D (chart 5).


The Department of Health and Human Services, (HHS) funds all R&D classified for health care services and health research (subfunctions 551 and 552); R&D funding for consumer and occupational health and safety (subfunction 554) is provided by HHS and the Department of Labor's Occupational Safety and Health Administration. R&D funding proposed in the FY 1998 budget for health provides growth for almost all agencies performing R&D health programs (table 8). Funding decreases are slated for the Health Resources and Services Administration (down 64 percent) due largely to decreases in funding for health professions, education, and training. The Food and Drug Administration is expected to be funded 10 percent below its FY 1997 level, and the Occupational Safety and Health Administration is expected to be funded at FY 1997 levels. Selected health R&D funding changes are highlighted below.

Space Research and Technology up arrow

NASA funds all R&D that is specifically budgeted in space flight, research, and supporting activities (subfunction 252). NASA conducts research for the solution of problems of flight within and outside the Earth's atmosphere and develops, constructs, tests, and operates aeronautical and space vehicles. R&D budget authority is proposed to increase by nearly 3 percent in 1998 to $8 billion and account for 11 percent of total Federal R&D funds. As recently as 1986, space accounted for a 5-percent share of the R&D total. The space share has been steadily increasing over the last ten years. Selected space research and technology R&D funding changes are highlighted below:

General Science up arrow

Research activities in general science (subfunction 251), of which 94 percent are basic research, are funded by NSF and DOE. Total research support in general science is proposed to increase by 4 percent in 1998 to $3 billion. Of this research total, 76 percent are slated for NSF and 24 percent are for DOE. Selected general science changes proposed for R&D funding in FY 1998 are highlighted below.

Energy up arrow

Three agencies provide support for R&D activities in energy (function 270): DOE, which provides 94 percent of the funding in this area; the Tennessee Valley Authority (TVA); and the Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC). Total energy R&D budget authority is proposed to be $2.2 billion in 1998, a 1-percent decrease from the FY 1997 level. Selected energy R&D funding changes are highlighted below.

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