National Science Foundation
Rita R. Colwell

Directorate for Social, Behavioral, and Economic Sciences
Bennett I. Bertenthal

Division of Science Resources Studies
Jeanne E. Griffith

Science and Engineering Indicators Program
Jennfier S. Bond
Program Director

Division of Science Reources Studies
The Division of Science Resources Studies ( SRS ) fulfills the legislative mandate of the National Science Foundation Act to ...

provide a central clearinghouse for the collection, interpretation, and analysis of data on scientific and engineering resources and to provide a source of information for policy formulation by other agencies of the Federal Government...

To carry out this mandate, SRS designs, supports, and directs periodic surveys as well as a variety of other data collections and research projects. These surveys yield the materials for SRS staff to compile, analyze, and disseminate quantitative information about domestic and international resources devoted to science, engineering, and technology.

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National Science Foundation
Division of Science Resources Studies
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Arlington, VA 22230
Telephone: (703) 306-1780
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Suggested Citation
National Science Foundation, Division of Science Resources Studies, Statistical Profiles of Foreign Doctoral Recipients in Science and Engineering: Plans to Stay in the United States, NSF 99-304, Author, Jean M. Johnson (Arlington, VA , November 1998).

November 1998

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Acknowledgements top

Susan T. Hill, Director of the Doctorate Data Project within the Division of Science Resources Studies (SRS), designed the initial table format for the statistical profiles in Appendix B. The source of the data is the Survey of Earned Doctorates (SED). The SED is conducted annually for NSF and four other Federal agencies. Prior to 1997, it was conducted by the National Research Council (NRC), and since 1997 it has been conducted by the National Opinion Research Corporation (NORC). NRC staff, under the direction of Peter Henderson, used data from the SED to prepare the statistical profiles in Appendix B. Jeanne E. Griffith, Director of SRS and Ron Fecso, Chief Statistician provided overall review and guidance for this report. Jennifer S. Bond, Director of the Science & Engineering Indicators Program, supported the expansion of these profiles to include major countries of Asia, Europe, and North America; encouraged a summary analysis; and provided review and guidance on this report. NSF/SRS colleagues, including Linda Hardy, Alan Rapaport, Ann Lanier, and Melissa Pollak, reviewed drafts of this report and provided helpful suggestions. Paul W. Jennings of NSF's Division of Graduate Education and Drew Malizio of the National Center for Educational Statistics (NCES) also reviewed a draft of this report and suggested clarifications. Anne Houghton, Publications Manager of SRS with assistance from Julia Harriston and Tanya Gore provided copyediting, processing, final composition, and contracting support for this report. Amy Olener, Michelle Neil, and Joanna Zito of ESNE provided editing, proofreading, and composition support for this report.

Foreward top

The international mobility of foreign scientists and engineers and their significant presence in the U.S. labor force often begins with their graduate education at U.S. universities. This report provides detailed statistical profiles of students from several major countries who were doctoral recipients in science and engineering (S&E) at U.S. universities. It also provides information on the initial intent of these foreign doctoral recipients to locate in the United States after graduation.

The National Science Foundation (NSF), Division of Science Resources Studies (SRS), is developing a database on global human resources for science and engineering and has data on doctoral S&E programs for some countries in Asia, Europe, and North America. (See Human Resources for Science and Technology: The Asian Region [NSF 93-303] and Human Resources for Science and Technology: The European Region [NSF 96-316]). This report provides the U.S. component of doctoral training of students from these countries. It also supplements coverage of foreign doctoral recipients in the National Science Board's Science and Engineering Indicators: 1998 and other reports published by SRS, e.g., Issue Brief, "International Mobility of Scientists and Engineers to the United States-Brain Drain or Brain Circulation?"

It is hoped that these statistical profiles will prove useful to policymakers and to the research community and will lead to additional analyses in an area of growing interest.

Jeanne E. Griffith, Director
Division of Science Resources Studies
Directorate for Social, Behavioral, and Economic Sciences

November, 1998

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