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Articles, Papers, and Patents


Productivity of science and engineering Ph.D.s can be measured by the numbers of published articles, presented papers, and applications for patents.

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FIGURE 14. Mean number of articles published by science and engineering Ph.D.s between April 1990 and April 1995, by academic postion.

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FIGURE 15. Proportion of science and engineering Ph.D.s named as inventors on patent applications bewtween April 1990 and April 1995, by field.


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