Data sources for
Science and Engineering (S&E) State Profiles
Doctoral scientists and doctoral engineers
National Science Foundation/SRS. Characteristics of Doctoral Scientists and Engineers in the United States 1995, NSF 97-319 (Arlington, VA, 1997).
S&E doctorates awarded
National Science Foundation/SRS. Science and Engineering Doctorate Awards 1996, NSF 97-329 (Arlington, VA, 1997).
S&E postdoctorates and S&E graduate students
National Science Foundation/SRS. Graduate Students and Postdoctorates in Science and Engineering Fall 1996, NSF 98-307 (Arlington, VA, 1998), and unpublished tables.
U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of the Census. Press release CB 97-213, "Nevada Fastest Growing State in Nation 12th Straight Year, Census Bureau Reports" (Washington, D.C., December 1997).
Civilian labor force
U.S. Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics. State and Regional Unemployment, 1997 Annual Averages (news release), USDL 98-78, February 27, 1998.
Personal income per capita
U.S. Department of Commerce, Economics and Statistics Administration, Bureau of Economic Analysis. Survey of Current Business, Volume 78 (Washington, D.C., May 1998).
Total Federal Expenditures
U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of the Census. Federal Expenditures by State for Fiscal Year 1997 (Washington, D.C., April 1998).
Federal R&D obligations
National Science Foundation/SRS. Federal Funds for Research and Development FY 1996, 1997, and 1998, NSF 98-332 (Arlington, VA, 1998).
Total R&D performance
National Science Foundation/SRS. National Patterns of R&D Resources 1997 Data Update associated with Data Brief NSF 97-328, November 5, 1997 (Arlington, VA, 1997) and National Patterns of R&D Resources: 1998, (Arlington, VA, forthcoming).
National Science Foundation/SRS. Research and Development in Industry 1995-96, NSF 99-312 (Arlington, VA, 1998)
National Science Foundation/SRS. Academic Research and Development Expenditures FY 1996, NSF 98-304 (Arlington, VA, 1998).
Higher education current-fund expenditures
U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics. Digest of Education Statistics 1997 (Washington. D.C., 1997).
Number of SBIR awards
U.S. Small Business Administration, Office of Technology. Small Business Innovation Development Act (Washington, D.C.). Annual Reports covering data for fiscal years 1990 through 1997.
Patents issued to state residents
U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Patent and Trademark Office. Patent Counts by Country/State and Year: Utility Patents 1963-97, (Washington, D.C., May 1998).
Gross state product
U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of Economic Analysis, Regional Economic Analysis Division (Washington, D.C., June 1998).