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Appendix A: Degree Fields and Occupational Categories in SESTAT

SESTAT uses six broad educational fields and six broad occupational categories with these fields and categories further subdivided (appendix table 1).

Appendix Table 1. SESTAT educational fields and occupational categories
Major educational field Minor groups of disciplines, and subdisciplines Major occupational category Minor categories of occupations, and subcategories
SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING
Computer & Mathematical
Sciences

Computer & information sciences
Computer & information sciences

Computer science

Computer systems analysis

Information services & systems

Other computer & information sciences

Mathematical Sciences
Applied mathematics

Mathematics, general

Operations research

Statistics

Other mathematical sciences

Computer & Mathematical Scientists

Computer & Information Scientists
Computer systems analysts

Computer scientists, except systems analysts

Information systems scientists & analysts

Other computer & information science occupations

Computer engineers - software

Mathematical Scientists Mathematicians
Operations research analysts, modelling

Statisticians

Other mathematical scientists

Postsecondary teachers - computer & mathematical sciences
Postsecondary teachers - computer science

Postsecondary teachers - mathematics

Life & related
sciences

Agricultural & food sciences
Animal sciences

Food sciences & technology

Plant sciences

Other agricultural sciences

Biological Sciences
Biochemistry & biophysics

Biology

Botany

Cell & molecular biology

Ecology

Genetics, plant & animal

Microbiology

Nutritional science

Pharmacology, human & animal

Physiology, human & animal

Zoology

Other biological sciences

Health & related (these fields are included under the life sciences for doctoral programs only)
Audiology & speech pathology

Health services administration

Health & medical assistants

Health & medical technologies

Medical preparatory programs

Medicine

Nursing, 4 years or longer programs

Pharmacy
Physical therapy & other rehab.

Public health, including environment

Other health & medical sciences
 

Environmental life sciences
Environmental science studies

Forestry services

Life Scientists

Agricultural & food scientists
Agricultural & food scientists

Biological scientists
Biochemists & biophysicists

Biological scientists

Medical scientists, except practitioners

Other biological & life scientists

Environmental life scientists
Forestry & conservation scientists

Postsecondary teachers - life & related sciences
Postsecondary teachers - agriculture

Postsecondary teachers - biological science

Postsecondary teachers - medical science

Other postsecondary teachers - natural science

Physical &
related
sciences

Chemistry, except biochemistry
Chemistry, except biochemistry

Earth science, geology & oceanography
Atmospheric sciences & meteorology

Earth sciences

Geology

Other geological sciences

Oceanography

Physics & Astronomy
Physics

Astronomy & astrophysics

Other physical sciences
Other physical & related sciences

Physical
Scientists

Chemists, except Biochemists
Chemists, except Biochemists
 

Earth scientists, geologists & oceanographers
Atmospheric & space scientists

Geologists

Oceanographers
 

Physicists & astronomers
Astronomer

Physicists
 

Other physical scientists
Other physical & related scientists
 

Postsecondary teachers - physical & related sciences
Postsecondary teachers - chemistry

Postsecondary teachers - physics

Postsecondary teachers - earth, environmental, & marine science

Social &
related
sciences

Economics
Agricultural economics

Economics
 

Political & related sciences
Public policy studies

International relations

Political science and government
 

Psychology
Educational psychology

Clinical psychology

Counseling psychology

Experimental psychology

Psychology, general

Industrial and organizational psychology

Social psychology

Other psychology

Sociology & anthropology
Anthropology & archaeology

Criminology

Sociology
Area & ethnic studies
Linguistics

Philosophy of science

Geography

History of science
 

Other social sciences
Other social sciences

Social
Scientists

Economists
Economists
 

Political & related scientists
Political & related scientists
 

Psychologists
Psychologists
 

Sociologists & anthropologists
Anthropologists

Sociologists
 

Other social & related scientists
Historians, science & technology

Other social scientists
 

Postsecondary teachers - social sciences
Postsecondary teachers - economics
Postsecondary teachers - political science

Postsecondary teachers - psychology

Postsecondary teachers - sociology

Postsecondary teachers - other social sciences

Engineering

Aerospace & related engineering
Aerospace, aeronautical & astronautical
 

Chemical engineering
Chemical engineering
 

Civil & architectural engineering
Architectural engineering

Civil engineeirng
 

Electrical & related engineering
Computer & systems engineering

Electrical, electronics & communications engineering
 

Industrial engineering
Industrial engineering
 

Mechanical engineering
Mechanical engineering
 

Other engineering
Agricultural engineering

Bioengineering & biomedical engineering

Engineering sciences, mechanics and physics

Environmental engineering

Engineering, general

Geophysical engineering

Materials engineering, including ceramics & textiles

Metallurgical engineering

Mining & minerals engineering

Naval architecture and marine engineering

Nuclear engineering

Petroleum engineering

Other engineering

Engineers

Aerospace & related engineers
Aerospace & related engineers
 

Chemical engineers
Chemical engineers
 

Civil & architectural engineers
Civil engineers
 

Electrical & related engineers
Computer engineers - hardware

Electrical & electronics engineers
 

Industrial engineers
Industrial engineers
 

Mechanical engineers
Mechanical engineers
 

Other engineers
Agricultural engineers

Bioengineers & biomedical engineers

Environmental engineers

Marine engineers or naval architects

Materials & metallurgical engineers

Mining & geological engineers

Nuclear engineers

Petroleum engineers

Sales engineers

Other engineers
 

Post-Secondary teachers - engineering
Postsecondary teachers - engineering

NON-SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING
Non-S&E
disciplines

Management & administration
Agricultural business & production

Accounting

Business administration & management

Business, general

Business & managerial economics

Financial management

Other business management/administrative services
 

Health & related (these fields are included in Non- S&E for bachelor's and master's programs only)
Audiology & speech pathology

Health services administration

Health & medical assistants

Health & medical technologies

Medical preparatory programs

Medicine
Nursing, 4 years or longer programs
Pharmacy

Physical therapy & other rehab.

Public health, including environment

Other health & medical sciences
 

Teaching & Education
Education adminsitraion

Computer teacher education

Counselor education & guidance

Eleminatary teacher education

Mathematics teacher education

Physical education & coaching

Pre-elementary teacher education

Science teacher education

Secondary teacher education

Special education

Social science teacher education

Other education
 

Social service & related
Social work

Other philosophy, religion, theology
 

Technology & technical
Computer programming

Data processing technology

Electrical & electronics technologies
Industrial production technologies
Mechanical engineering-related technologies

Other engineering-related technologies
 

Sales & marketing
Business marketing/marketing management

Marketing research

Arts, humanities & related
English language, literature & letters

Other foreign languages & literature

Liberal arts & general studies

History

Dramatic arts

Fine arts

Music

Other visual & performing arts
 

Other non-S&E
Artchitecture & environmental design

Other conservation, renewable natural resources

Actuarial science

Communications

Journalism

Other communications

Criminal justice & protective services

Home economics

Law, pre-law, legal studies

Library science

Parks, recreation, leisure, & fitness studies

Public administration

Other public affairs

Other fields not listed

Non-S&E
occupations

Managers & administrators
Top and mid-level managers, executives, administrators

Accountants, auditors, & other financial specialists

Personnel, training & labor relations specialists

Other management related occupations
 

Health related occupations
Diagnosing & treating health practitioners

Registered nurses, pharmacists, dieticians, therapists, etc.

Health technologists & technicians

Other health occupations
 

Teachers, except S&E postsecondary teachers
Teachers - pre-kindergarden & kindergarden

Teachers - elementary school

Teachers, secondary - computer, math or science

Teachers - social sciences

Teachers - other subjects

Teachers - special education

Teachers - other precollegiate education
 

Non-S&E postsecondary teachers
Postsecondary teachers - art, drama, & music

Postsecondary teachers - business, commerce, & marketing

Postsecondary teachers - education

Postsecondary teachers - English

Postsecondary teachers - foreign language

Postsecondary teachers - history

Postsecondary teachers - home economics

Postsecondary teachers - law

Postsecondary teachers - physical education

Postsecondary teachers - social work

Postsecondary teachers - theology

Postsecondary teachers - trade & industrial

Postsecondary teachers - other health specialties

Postsecondary teachers - other, non-S&E not listed above

Social services & related occupations
Clergy & other religious workers

Counselors, educational & vocational

Social workers
 

Technologists & technicians
Technologists & technicians in bio & life sciences

Computer programmers
Electrical, electronics, industrial, & mech. engg. techs.
Drafting occupations

Surveying & mapping engineering technicians

Other engineering technologists & technicians

Surveyors

Technologists & technicians in mathematical sciences

Technologists & technicians in physical sciences
 

Sales & marketing occupations
Sales/mrktg - insurance, securities, real estate & business services

Sales occupations - commodities, except retail

Sales occupations - retail

Other marketing & sales occupations
 

Art, humanities & related occupations
Artists, editors, entertainers, public relations, writers

Historians, except science & technology
 

Other non-S&E occupations
Accounting clerks & bookkeepers

Secretaries, receptionists & typists

Other administrative

Architects

Farmers, foresters & fishermen

Lawyers & judges

Librarians, archivists & curators

Actuaries

Food preparation & service workers

Protective service workers

Other service occupations, except health

Construction trades, miners & well-drillers

Mechanics & repairers

Precision production occupations

Operators & related occuaptions

Transportation & material-moving occupations

Other occupations

NOTE: The individual occupations included in SESTAT adhere to the Standard Occupational Classification (SOC), a U.S. government standard classification scheme. The SOC was developed through an interagency committee headed by the Office of Management and Budget. It is used by all the federal agencies that collect employment and occupational data, and was meant to provide comparability of data among different federal statistical agencies. The major and minor science and engineering groupings of occupations as shown on this table were developed by the National Science Foundation.
SOURCE: National Science Foundation, Division of Science Resources Studies.

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