The Undergraduate Experience in Science, Mathematics, and Engineering
Transition to Graduate Education
Analysis of data from the Graduate Record Examination (GRE) General Test shows that there are differences in mean scores among men and women in different racial/ethnic groups (Educational Testing Service, 1996). These findings may reflect differences in enrollment and outcome described elsewhere in this chapter.
According to a report on GRE performance released by the Educational Testing Service in 1996
- Men and women tend to have similar mean scores on the verbal and analytical measures; however, men have higher mean scores on the quantitative measure.
- Mean scores for non-U.S. citizens are higher than those for U.S. citizens on the quantitative measure and lower on the verbal and analytical measures.
- Whites tend to have higher mean scores than all other racial/ethnic groups on the verbal and analytical measures, whereas Asian Americans have higher mean scores on the quantitative measure.
- Mean scores on all measures are lowest for black and Puerto Rican examinees.
- Mean scores on each measure are higher for men than women across all racial/ethnic groups and measures.
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