Sixty nine percent ($28 billion) of the Nation's applied research was performed within industrial laboratories. Non-Federal sources accounted for most ($23 billion) of these monies; Federal sources provided the rest of the funds ($5 billion) for industry's estimated 1994 applied research performance.
Of the Nation's nonindustrial 1994 applied research performance, most was conducted by universities and colleges ($5 billion) and the Federal Government ($5 billion). About one quarter of the Federal intramural applied research total was performed in DOD's labs, and about one fifth of the total was performed within each of NASA's and the Department of Health and Human Services' labs. Total Federal applied research performance has been remarkably level over the past 30 years. After adjusting for inflation, expenditures have annually ranged between $3.2 billion and $4.1 billion since 1964.