Chapter 1:

Science and Technology in Times of Transition: the 1940s and 1990s


Selected Bibliography


Baxter, J.P. 1946. Scientists Against Time. Boston: Little, Brown.

Blanpied, W.A. 1995. Impacts of the Early Cold War on the Formulation of U.S. Science Policy: Selected Memoranda of William T. Golden. Washington, DC: American Association for the Advancement of Science.

---. 1998. "Inventing U.S. Science Policy." Physics Today 51, No. 2:34--41.

---. 1999. "The National Science Foundation Class of 1952."

Bush, V. 1945a. Science-The Endless Frontier: A Report to the President on a Program for Postwar Scientific Research . Reprinted 1990. Washington, DC: National Science Foundation. [earlier reprints].

---. 1945b. "As We May Think." The Atlantic Monthly 176, No. 1:101--8. Available from http://ccat.sas.upenn.edu/jod/texts/vannevar.bush.html.

Carnegie Commission on Science, Technology, and Government. 1992. Science and Technology in U.S. International Affairs. New York: The Carnegie Corporation.

Clinton, W.J. 1998. "Address to the 150th Anniversary AAAS Annual Meeting." In A.H. Teich et al., eds., AAAS Science and Technology Policy Yearbook 1999. Washington, DC: American Association for the Advancement of Science: 5--10.

Clinton, W.J., and A. Gore, Jr. 1993. <Technology: The Engine of Economic Growth. Washington, DC: Office of Science and Technology Policy.

---. 1994. Science in the National Interest . Washington, DC: Office of Science and Technology Policy.

Dupree, A.H. 1957. Science in the Federal Government, Chapter 19, "Prospect and Retrospect at the Beginning of a New Era." Cambridge, MA: The Belknap Press of Harvard University Press.

Elkana, Y., et al., eds. 1978. Toward a Metric of Science: The Advent of Science Indicators. New York: John Wiley and Sons.

England, J.M. 1983. A Patron for Pure Science: The National Science Foundation's Formative Years, 1945--57. PB83-193896. Washington, DC: NTIS: 9--112.

Federal Coordinating Council for Science, Engineering, and Technology. 1992. In the National Interest: the Federal Government and Research-Intensive Universities. Washington, DC: National Science Foundation.

Golden, W.T. 1995. "Memorandum on Program for the National Science Foundation." In W.A. Blanpied, ed., Impacts of the Early Cold War on the Formulation of U.S. Science Policy: Selected Memoranda of William T. Golden. Washington, DC: American Association for the Advancement of Science: 68--71.

Golden, W.T., ed. 1980. Science Advice to the President. New York: Pergamon Press.

Holton, G., and W.A. Blanpied. 1976. Science and Its Publics: The Changing Relationship. Dordrecht, Holland: D. Reidel.

Huttner, S. 1999. "Knowledge and the Biotechnology Economy: A Case of Mistaken Identity ." Paper prepared for the High-Level Forum on Measuring Knowledge in Learning Economies and Societies, organized by Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development in cooperation with NSF. May 17--18.

Illinois Institute of Technology, Research Institute. 1968. Technology in Retrospect and Critical Events in Science. Chicago: Illinois Institute of Technology.

Kevles, D.J. 1975. "Science, the Military, and the Control of Postwar Defense Research: The Case of the Research Board for National Security, 1944--46." Technology and Culture 16, No. 1:20--45.

---. 1977. "The National Science Foundation and the Debate over Postwar Research Policy, 1942--45." Isis 68:5--26.

---. 1978. The Physicists. Chapters 19--20; 22. New York: Alfred A. Knopf.

---. 1990. "Principles and Politics in Federal R&D Policy, 1945--1990: An Appreciation of the Bush Report." Preface to reprint edition of Science-The Endless Frontier. NSF 90-8. Washington, DC: National Science Foundation: ix--xxxiii.

Narin, F., K.S. Hamilton, and D. Olivastro. 1997. "The Increasing Linkage Between U.S. Technology and Public Science." Research Policy 26, No. 3 (December):317--30.

National Academy of Sciences. 1963. News Report XIII, No. 6 (November--December).

---. 1964. Federal Support of Basic Research in Institutions of Higher Learning. Washington, DC: National Research Council.

National Academy of Sciences, Committee on Criteria for Federal Support of Research and Development. 1995. Allocating Federal Funds for Science and Technology. Washington, DC: National Academy Press.

National Academy of Sciences, Committee on Science, Engineering and Public Policy. 1993. Science, Technology, and the Federal Government: National Goals for a New Era. Washington, DC: National Academy Press.

National Research Council (NRC), Committee on Technology. 1999. Funding a Revolution: Government Support for Computing, Information, and Communications R&D. Washington, DC: National Research Council.

National Science Board (NSB). Minutes of the first (December 1950), second (January 1951), third (February 1951), and fourth (March 1951) meetings.

---. 1973. Science Indicators-1972. NSB 73-1. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

---. 1982. "Science in the International Setting." Board Statement. NSB 82-813. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

---. 1993a. "In Support of Basic Research ." Board Statement. NSB 93-127. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

---. 1993b. Science and Engineering Indicators-1993 . NSB 93-1. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

---. 1995. "Federal Investments in Science and Engineering." Board Statement. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

---. 1996a. Science and Engineering Indicators-1996 . NSB 96-21. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

---. 1996b. U.S. Science and Engineering in a Changing World . NSB 96-22. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

---. 1997. The Federal Role in Science and Engineering Graduate and Postdoctoral Education . NSB 97-235. Arlington, VA: National Science Foundation.

---. 1998a. "Failing Our Children: Implications of the Third International Mathematics and Science Study." Board Statement. NSB 98-154. Arlington, VA: National Science Board.

---. 1998b. "Industry Trends in Research Support and Links to Public Research." NSB 98-99. Arlington, VA: National Science Board.

---. 1998c. "National Science Board Strategic Plan." NSB 98-215 (November 19). Arlington, VA: National Science Board.

---. 1998d. Science and Engineering Indicators-1998 . NSB 98-1. Arlington, VA: National Science Foundation.

---. 1999a. "Revised Interim Report: NSB Environmental Science and Engineering for the 21st Century." NSB 99-133. Arlington, VA: National Science Board.

---. 1999b. Preparing Our Children: Math and Science Education in the National Interest. NSB 99-31. Arlington, VA: National Science Board.

National Science Board Commission on the Future of the National Science Foundation. 1992. A Foundation for the 21st Century: A Progressive Framework for the National Science Foundation. NSB 92-196. Washington, DC: National Science Foundation.

National Science Foundation (NSF). 1951. First Annual Report. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

---. 1952. Second Annual Report. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

---. 1968. Federal Funds for Research, Development, and Other Scientific Activities. NSF 68-27. Washington, DC: National Science Foundation.

---. 1998. National Patterns of Research and Development Resources. NSF 99-335. Arlington, VA: National Science Foundation.

---. In press. America's Investment in the Future. Arlington, VA: National Science Foundation.

Office of Science and Technology Policy. 1995. National Security Science and Technology Strategy. Washington, DC: Office of Science and Technology Policy. Physics Today. 1999. 52, No. 5:31--7.

President's Council of Advisors on Science and Technology (PCAST). 1992. Renewing the Promise: Research-Intensive Universities and the Nation. Washington, DC: Office of Science and Technology Policy.

Reingold, N. 1987. "Vannevar Bush's New Deal for Research." Historical Studies in the Physical Sciences 17:299--344.

Smith, A.K. 1965. A Peril and a Hope-The Scientists' Movement in America 1945--47. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

Steelman, J.R. 1947. Science and Public Policy. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office. Reprinted 1980. New York: Arno Press.

Stewart, I. 1948. Organizing Scientific Research for War: the Administrative History of the Office of Scientific Research and Development. Boston: Little, Brown.

Suplee, C. 1999. Physics in the Twentieth Century. New York: Harry N. Abrams, Inc., in association with the American Physical Society and the American Institute of Physics.

Truman, H.S 1948. "Address to the Centennial Anniversary AAAS Annual Meeting." In A.H. Teich et al., eds., AAAS Science and Technology Policy Yearbook 1999. Washington, DC: American Association for the Advancement of Science: 11--5.

U.S. House of Representatives. 1980. Toward the Endless Frontier: History of the Committee on Science and Technology, 1959--79. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

U.S. House of Representatives Science Committee. 1998. Unlocking Our Future: Toward a New National Science Policy. A Report to the Congress by the House Committee on Science.

Watkins, J.D. 1997. "Science and Technology in Foreign Affairs." Science 277:650--1.

Weekly Compilation of Presidential Documents. 1979. 15 (April 30). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office: 676--82.


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