Chapter 3:

Science and Engineering Workforce


International R&D Employment


Information on the numbers of scientists and engineers engaged in R&D are contained in figure 3-17, figure 3-18, and appendix table 3-25 for the G-7 nations: the United States, Canada, France, Germany, Italy, Japan, and the United Kingdom. Since 1991, Japan has surpassed the United States in scientists and engineers engaged in R&D as a percentage of their labor force, but the United States continues to have a greater proportion of R&D workers than the other included industrial countries. In terms of total numbers of R&D scientists and engineers, the U.S. share of the G-7 total of scientists and engineers engaged in R&D, as reflected in figure 3-18, has fallen slightly from 48.0 percent in 1981 to 44.3 percent in 1995.




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