Volume 2 - Appendix Tables


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Chapter 1
Science and Technology in Times of Transition: the 1940s and 1990s top

Table
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Title
1-1
Nobel Prize awards: 1950--99

Chapter 2
U.S. and International Research and Development: Funds and Alliances top

Table
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Title
2-1
Gross domestic product and GDP implicit price deflators: 1940--2004
2-2
Purchasing power parity and market exchange rates, by selected country: 1981--99
2-3
U.S. R&D expenditures, by performing sector and source of funds: 1953--98 (current dollars)
2-4
U.S. R&D expenditures, by performing sector and source of funds: 1953--98 (constant dollars)
2-5
U.S. R&D expenditures, by source of funds and performer: 1953--98 (current dollars)
2-6
U.S. R&D expenditures, by source of funds and performer: 1953--98 (constant dollars)
2-7
U.S. basic research expenditures, by performing sector and source of funds: 1953--98 (current dollars)
2-8
U.S. basic research expenditures, by performing sector and source of funds: 1953--98 (constant dollars)
2-9
U.S. basic research expenditures, by source of funds and performer: 1953--98 (current dollars)
2-10
U.S. basic research expenditures, by source of funds and performer: 1953--98 (constant dollars)
2-11
U.S. applied research expenditures, by performing sector and source of funds: 1953--98 (current dollars)
2-12
U.S. applied research expenditures, by performing sector and source of funds: 1953--98 (constant dollars)
2-13
U.S. applied research expenditures, by source of funds and performer: 1953--98 (current dollars)
2-14
U.S. applied research expenditures, by source of funds and performer: 1953--98 (constant dollars)
2-15
U.S. development expenditures, by performing sector and source of funds: 1953--98 (current dollars)
2-16
U.S. development expenditures, by performing sector and source of funds: 1953--98 (constant dollars)
2-17
U.S. development expenditures, by source of funds and performer: 1953--98 (current dollars)
2-18
U.S. development expenditures, by source of funds and performer: 1953--98 (constant dollars)
2-19
Trends in Federal and non--Federal R&D expenditures: 1953--98
2-20
State R&D expenditures, by performing sector and source of funds: 1997
2-21
Total R&D and GSP, by state: 1997
2-22
Trends in R&D and Federal outlays: FYs 1970, 1980, 1990, and proposed 2000
2-23
Federal R&D budget authority, by budget function: fiscal years 1980--2000
2-24
Federal basic research funding, by budget function: FYs 1980, 1985, and 1990--2000
2-25
Federal obligations for research and development: FY 1967--99 (current dollars)
2-26
Federal obligations for research and development: FY 1967--99 (constant dollars)
2-27
Federal obligations for basic research: FY 1970--99 (current dollars)
2-28
Federal obligations for basic research: FY 1970--99 (constant dollars)
2-29
Federal obligations for applied research: FY 1970--99 (current dollars)
2-30
Federal obligations for applied research: FY 1970--99 (constant dollars)
2-31
Federal obligations for development: FY 1970--99 (current dollars)
2-32
Federal obligations for development: FY 1970--99 (constant dollars)
2-33
Federal obligations for R&D Plant: FY 1967--99 (current dollars)
2-34
Federal obligations for R&D Plant: FY 1967--99 (constant dollars)
2-35
Federal obligations for R&D and R&D Plant: FY 1967--99 (current dollars)
2-36
Federal obligations for R&D and R&D Plant: FY 1967--99 (constant dollars)
2-37
Federal obligations for R&D, by character of work and performer: FYs 1987--97
2-38
Estimated Federal obligations for R&D, by selected agency, performer, and character of work: FY 1999
2-39
Federal R&D obligations for Federal intramural performance, by selected agency: FYs 1980--99
2-40
Federal R&D obligations to FFRDCs, by administering sector and selected sponsoring agency: FYs 1987--99
2-41
Federal obligations for R&D to federally funded research and development centers, by individual FFRDC and agency: FY 1997
2-42
Federal R&D laboratory campuses, by agency and state: FY 1995
2-43
Independent research and development (IR&D) support: FYs 1963--98
2-44
Small Business Innovation Research awards, by award type and agency: FYs 1983--97
2-45
Budgetary impact of the Federal research and experimentation tax credit: FYs 1981--99
2-46
Estimated Federal obligations for research, by agency and field of science and engineering: FY 1997
2-47
Federal obligations for basic research, by agency and field of science and engineering: FYs 1985--99
2-48
Federal obligations for applied research, by agency and field of science and engineering: FYs 1985--99
2-49
R&D associated primarily with chemistry (nonmedical) and chemical engineering: 1985--97
2-50
R&D associated primarily with the life sciences
2-51
R&D associated primarily with mathematics, computer sciences, and communication and electrical equipment (excluding DOD--supported development of military equipment): 1985--97
2-52
Manufacturing and nonmanufacturing R&D expenditures: 1970--97
2-53
Total expenditures for industrial R&D (financed by company, Federal, and other funds), by industry and size of company: 1985--97
2-54
Company and other (except Federal) funds for industrial R&D performance, by industry and size of company: 1985--97
2-55
Federal funds for industrial R&D performance, by industry and size of company: 1985--97
2-56
Concentration of total, Federal, company, and other R&D funds and net sales of R&D--performing companies, by size of R&D program: 1985--97
2-57
Company and other (except Federal) R&D funds as a percentage of net sales by industry and size of company: 1985--97
2-58
The 100 leading industrial R&D companies, ranked by size of R&D expenditures in 1997
2-59
Discrepancy between Federal R&D support as reported by performers and by Federal agencies: 1980--98
2-60
Indicators of Federal technology transfer activities: FYs 1987--98
2-61
Advanced Technology Program awards: 1990--98
2-62
Number of new joint research filings, by year and by selected industry: 1985--98
2-63
International R&D expenditures and R&D as a percentage of GDP: 1981--98
2-64
International nondefense R&D expenditures and R&D as a percentage of GDP: 1981--98
2-65
International R&D expenditures, by performing sector and source of funds: 1996--98
2-66
Distribution of government R&D budget appropriations, by socioeconomic objective: 1997 or 1998
2-67
International Strategic Technology Alliances: 1980--98
2-68
Company--financed R&D performed abroad by U.S. companies and their foreign subsidiaries, by industry: 1985--97
2-69
Expenditures for R&D performance by majority--owned nonbank foreign affiliates of U.S. parent companies, by region/country: 1982, 1989, and 1994--96
2-70
Foreign R&D expenditures in the United States, by industry and region/country: 1980--96
2-71
R&D expenditures in the United States by majority--owned nonbank U.S. affiliates of foreign companies, by industry of affiliate and country of ultimate beneficial owner: 1980 and 1987--96
2-72
Proportion of industrial R&D expenditures financed from foreign sources, by selected country: 1980-98

Chapter 3
Science and Engineering Workforce top

Table
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Title
3-1
U.S. scientists and engineers, by S&E degree status and labor force status: 1997
3-2
Educational attainment of employed U.S. scientists and engineers, by level and field of highest degree and broad occupation category: 1997
3-3
Employed U.S. scientists and engineers, with job closely related to field of highest degree, by degree level, field of highest degree, and years since degree: 1997
3-4
Employed U.S. scientists and engineers with job closely or somewhat related to field of highest degree, by degree level, field of highest degree, and years since degree: 1997
3-5
U.S. scientists and engineers, by highest degree attained, occupation, and employment status: 1997
3-6
Employed U.S. scientists and engineers, by highest degree attained, occupation, and employment sector: 1997
3-7
Median annual salaries of U.S. scientists and engineers, by occupation and highest degree attained: 1997
3-8
Median annual salaries of U.S. scientists and engineers, by highest degree attained, occupation, sex, and years since degree: 1997
3-9
Employed U.S. scientists and engineers, by highest degree attained, occupation, sex, and years since degree: 1997
3-10
Employed U.S. scientists and engineers, by highest degree attained, occupation, sex, and race or ethnicity: 1997
3-11
U.S. scientists and engineers, by highest degree attained, broad occupation, sex, and employment status: 1997
3-12
Employed U.S. scientists and engineers, by highest degree attained, broad occupation, sex, and employment sector: 1997
3-13
U.S. scientists and engineers, by highest degree attained, broad occupation, race or ethnicity, and employment status: 1997
3-14
Employed U.S. scientists and engineers, by highest degree attained, broad occupation, race or ethnicity, and years since degree: 1997
3-15
Employed U.S. scientists and engineers, by highest degree attained, occupation, race or ethnicity, and employment sector: 1997
3-16
Median annual salaries of U.S. scientists and engineers, by highest degree attained, occupation, race or ethnicity, and employment sector: 1997
3-17
Median annual salaries of U.S. scientists and engineers, by highest degree attained, broad occupation, race or ethnicity, and years since degree: 1997
3-18
Number, employment status, and median salary of 1995 and 1996 bachelor's and master's degree recipients, by field of degree: 1997
3-19
Number of U.S. scientists and engineers in the labor force, by sex, race/ethnicity, field of degree and age: 1997
3-20
S&E degree holders working through a temporary help or employment agency (percent): 1997
3-21
S&E trained U.S. scientists and engineers in the labor force, by degree level, tenure status at four-year educational institutions, and age: 1997
3-22
Older S&E degreed individuals working full-time: 1997
3-23
Number of foreign-born S&E degree holders, by place of birth: 1997
3-24
INS permanent visas issued, by S&E occupation: 1988-98
3-25
Scientists and engineers engaged in R&D, and per 10,000 labor force population, by country: 1979--97
3-26
Science and Engineering trained R&D workers: 1997
3-27
Employed U.S. scientists and engineers, percent with Research and Development as a primary or secondary work activity, by degree level and field of highest degree: 1997
3-28
Total science and engineering jobs: 1998 and projected 2008

Chapter 4
Higher Education in Science and Engineering top

Table
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Title
4-1
U.S. institutions of higher education, by type and control: 1953--94 (selected years)
4-2
Enrollment in higher education, by Carnegie institution type: 1967--96
4-3
Science and engineering degrees, by degree level and institution type: 1996
4-4
Institutions awarding science and engineering degrees, by degree level and institution type: 1996
4-5
Science and engineering degrees earned by underrepresented minorities at the bachelor's level, by institution type: 1977, 1987, 1996
4-6
Baccalaureate-origin institutions of 1991--95 science and engineering doctorate recipients, by Carnegie institution type
4-7
Population of 20- to 24-year-olds in selected countries/regions: 1975--2010
4-8
Percentage of freshmen intending to major in science and engineering, by field, sex, and race/ethnicity: 1972--98
4-9
Of freshmen intending to major in science and engineering, percentage by race/ethnicity and selected fields: 1971--98
4-10
High school mathematics and science courses reported by entering freshmen, percentage by race/ethnicity: 1984 and 1998
4-11
Level of proficiency in mathematics and science among 12th graders, percentage by race/ethnicity and sex: 1988 cohort in 1992
4-12
Percentage of freshmen reporting need for remedial work in science or mathematics, by intended major and sex: 1977, 1989, 1997
4-13
Undergraduate enrollment in engineering and engineering technology programs: 1979--98
4-14
Engineering enrollment, by level and attendance pattern: 1979--98
4-15
Remedial mathematics courses in higher education, percentage by type of institution: 1995
4-16
Earned associate's degrees, by field and sex: 1975--96
4-17
Earned bachelor's degrees, by field and sex: 1966--96 (selected years)
4-18
Ratio of first university degrees and science and engineering degrees to the 24-year-old population, in selected countries, by region: 1997 or most recent year
4-19
Science and engineering degrees earned within Asian universities in selected Asian countries, by level: 1975--97
4-20
Percentage of total bachelor's degrees in science and engineering in selected countries/regions: 1997 or most recent year
4-21
Graduate enrollment in science and engineering, by field and sex: 1975--97
4-22
Graduate enrollment in science and engineering, by field, race/ethnicity, and citizenship: 1983--97
4-23
Earned master's degrees, by field and sex: 1954--96 (selected years)
4-24
Earned doctoral degrees in science and engineering, by field: 1950--65 (selected years)
4-25
Earned doctoral degrees, by field and sex: 1970--97 (selected years)
4-26
Earned doctoral degrees, by field and citizenship: 1986--97
4-27
Earned doctoral degrees in science and engineering in selected countries and regions: 1997 or most recent year
4-28
Doctoral degrees in science and engineering in selected Western industrialized countries, by field: 1975--97
4-29
Doctoral degrees in science and engineering in selected Asian countries, by field: 1975--97
4-30
Doctoral science and engineering degrees earned by Asian students within Asian and U.S. universities: 1975--97
4-31
Doctoral science and engineering degrees earned by Chinese students within Chinese and U.S. universities: 1987--97
4-32
Undergraduate enrollment, by race/ethnicity, citizenship, and sex: 1978--96 (selected years)
4-33
Undergraduate enrollment in engineering, by sex, race/ethnicity, and citizenship: 1979--98
4-34
Earned associate's degrees, by field and race/ethnicity: 1977--96 (selected years)
4-35
Earned bachelor's degrees, by field, race/ethnicity, and citizenship: 1977--96 (selected years)
4-36
First university degrees, and ratio of first university degrees and science and engineering degrees to the 24-year-old population, in selected countries, by sex: 1997 or most recent year
4-37
Percentage distribution of first university degrees and science and engineering degrees earned in selected countries and regions, by sex and field: 1997 or most recent year
4-38
Earned master's degrees, by field, race/ethnicity and citizenship: 1977--96 (selected years)
4-39
Earned doctoral degrees, by field, race/ethnicity, and citizenship: 1977--97 (selected years)
4-40
Earned doctoral degrees in science and engineering degrees in selected countries and regions, by sex and field: 1997 or most recent year
4-41
U.S. doctoral degrees in S&E fields earned by U.S. and foreign citizens: 1986--97
4-42
Foreign doctoral recipients from U.S. universities who plan to stay in the United States, by field and region/country of origin: 1990--97
4-43
Foreign science and engineering doctoral recipients from major countries of origin and their plans to stay in the United States: 1985--97
4-44
Foreign doctoral recipients in science and engineering in 1992/93 who were working in the United States, by field and country: 1994--97
4-45
Postdoctoral appointments in science and engineering, by citizenship status: 1988--97
4-46
Science and engineering faculty in U.S. higher education, by teaching field and region of origin: 1997
4-47
Foreign-born female science and engineering faculty in U.S. higher education, by teaching field and region of origin: 1997
4-48
Major places of origin for foreign-born science and engineering faculty in U.S. higher education, by field and sex: 1997

Chapter 5
Elementary and Secondary Education top

Table
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Title
5-1
Number and percent of related children under 18 in a household who are below the poverty level, by race/ethnicity: 1970--96
5-2
Percentage of 15-to 24-year-olds (grades 10--12) who dropped out of school: 1976--97
5-3
Estimates of resident population, for selected age groups: 1970--97
5-4
Family characteristics of 6-to 12-year-olds and 15-to 18-year olds: 1972--97
5-5
Charter schools in operation, by state: 1992-98
5-6
Percentage and standard error of 9-year-old students at the indicated level of NAEP science achievement, by gender, race/ethnicity, and region: 1977--96
5-7
Percentage and standard errors of 13-year-old students at the indicated level of NAEP science achievement, by sex, race/ethnicity, and region: 1977--96
5-8
Percentage and standard errors of 17-year-old students at the indicated level of NAEP science achievement, by sex, race/ethnicity, and region: 1977--96
5-9
Percentage and standard errors of 9-year-old students at the indicated level of NAEP mathematics achievement, by gender race/ethnicity, and region: 1978--96
5-10
Percentage and standard errors of 13-year-old students at the indicated level of NAEP mathematics achievement, by gender, race/ethnicity, and region: 1978-96
5-11
Percentage and standard errors of 17-year-old students at the indicated level of NAEP mathematics achievement, by gender, race/ethnicity, and region: 1978--96
5-12
Trends in differences in average scale scores by race/ethnicity and gender
5-13
Overall mean and average percentage correct on grade 4 TIMSS science assessment, by country and content area: 1994--95
5-14
Overall mean and average percentage correct on grade 4 TIMSS mathematics assessment, by country and content area: 1994--95
5-15
Overall mean and average percentage correct on grade 8 TIMSS science assessment, by country and content area: 1994--95
5-16
Overall mean and average percentage correct on grade 8 TIMSS mathematics assessment, by country and content area: 1994--95
5-17
Mean and standard errors on final year of secondary school TIMSS mathematics and science general knowledge assessment, by country: 1994--95
5-18
Mean and standard errors on final year of secondary school TIMSS advanced mathematics and physics assessment, by country: 1994--95
5-19
Percentage of students scoring in the top 10 percent on the TIMSS science and mathematics assessments, by country and grade: 1994--95
5-20
TIMSS achievement means by subject and grade for selected countries: 1994--95
5-21
Percentage of high school graduates earning credits in science courses, by gender: 1982, 1987, 1990, and 1994
5-22
Percentage of high school graduates earning credits in mathematics courses, by gender: 1982, 1987, 1990, and 1994
5-23
Percentage of high school graduates earning credits in science courses, by race/ethnicity: 1982, 1987, 1990, and 1994
5-24
Percentage of high school graduates earning credits in mathematics courses, by race/ethnicity: 1982, 1987, 1990, and 1994
5-25
Percentage of public schools and instructional rooms having access to the Internet, by school characteristics: 1994, 1997, and 1998
5-26
Teachers' computer use practice by subject and level for U.S. teachers in grades 4 to 12 (not including physical education): 1997--98

Chapter 6
Academic Research and Development: Financial and Personnel Resources, Support for Graduate Education, and Outputs top

Table
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Title
6-1
Total, federally funded, and non-federally funded academic R&D, by basic research, applied research, and development: 1953--98
6-2
Support for academic R&D, by sector: 1953--98
6-3
Sources of R&D funds at private and public institutions: 1977, 1987, and 1997
6-4
R&D expenditures at the top 100 academic institutions, by source of funds: 1997
6-5
Total, Federal, and non-Federal R&D expenditures at academic institutions, by field and source of funds: 1997
6-6
Percentage of academic R&D funds federally financed, by field: 1973--97
6-7
Expenditures for academic R&D, by field: 1973--97
6-8
Federal obligations for academic R&D, by agency: 1970--99
6-9
Federal obligations for academic research, by agency: 1970--99
6-10
Distribution of Federal agency academic research obligations, by field: FY 1997
6-11
Percentage of Federal academic research obligations provided by major agencies, by field: FY 1997
6-12
Number of academic institutions receiving Federal R&D support, by selected Carnegie classification: 1971--97
6-13
Square footage of total, new construction of, and repair/renovation of academic research space, by field: 1986--98
6-14
Cost of academic research new construction and repair/renovation projects, by field: 1986--97
6-15
Expected costs of deferred S&E research facility construction and repair/renovation needs, by field: 1998
6-16
Current fund expenditures for research equipment at academic institutions, by field: 1981--97
6-17
Current funds expenditures for research equipment federally financed, by field: 1981--97
6-18
Current fund expenditures for research equipment at academic institutions as a percentage of total R&D expenditures, by field: 1981--97
6-19
Academic employment of doctoral scientists and engineers, by type of position and field: 1973--97
6-20
Academic doctoral scientists and engineers by type of institution, appointment, and primary work responsibility: 1973--97
6-21
Recent S&E Ph.D.s in academia by type of institution, appointment, and primary work responsibility: 1973--97
6-22
Academic employment of doctoral scientists and engineers, by degree field, sex, and type of position: 1973--97
6-23
Academic employment of doctoral scientists and engineers, by degree field, race/ethnicity, and type of position: 1973--97
6-24
Age distribution of academic doctoral scientists and engineers, by type of appointment: 1973--97
6-25
Age distribution of full-time doctoral S&E faculty at research universities and other academic institutions: 1973--97
6-26
Employment sector of recent S&E Ph.D.s, by sex and race/ethnicity: 1973--97
6-27
Recent S&E Ph.D.s employed in higher education, by field and type of appointment: 1973--97
6-28
Academic doctoral scientists and engineers with work responsibility for R&D, by type of appointment and degree field: 1973--97
6-29
Academic doctoral scientists and engineers, by type of appointment and primary work responsibility: 1973--97
6-30
Academic doctoral scientists and engineers, by type of appointment, degree field, and primary work responsibility: 1973--97
6-31
Academic doctoral scientists and engineers with recent Ph.D.s, by appointment type and primary work responsibility: 1973--97
6-32
Academic doctoral scientists and engineers reporting Federal support from one or more agencies, by field: 1973--97
6-33
Full-time S&E graduate students, by source and mechanism of primary support: 1980--97
6-34
Full-time S&E graduate students, by institution type, and source and mechanism of primary support: 1997
6-35
Primary mechanisms of support for 1997 S&E Ph.D. recipients, by degree field
6-36
Full-time S&E graduate students, by field and mechanism of primary support: 1997
6-37
Primary mechanisms of support for 1997 S&E Ph.D. recipients, by citizenship, sex, and race/ethnicity
6-38
Primary mechanisms of support for 1997 S&E Ph.D. recipients, by degree field and citizenship status
6-39
Primary mechanisms of support for 1997 U.S. citizen-S&E Ph.D. recipients, by degree field and sex
6-40
Primary mechanisms of support for 1997 U.S. citizen-S&E Ph.D. recipients, by degree field and race/ethnicity
6-41
Full-time S&E graduate students with a research assistantship as mechanism of primary support, by field: 1980--1997
6-42
Full-time S&E graduate students with a research assistantship as primary support mechanism, by field and primary source of support: 1997
6-43
Percentage of full-time S&E graduate students with a research assistantship as primary support mechanism whose primary source of support is the Federal Government, by field: 1980--97
6-44
Full-time S&E graduate students with a research assistantship as primary support mechanism, by Federal agency of primary support: 1980--97
6-45
Field distribution of full-time S&E graduate students with a research assistantship as primary support mechanism, by Federal agency of primary support: 1997
6-46
Federal agency distribution of full-time S&E graduate students with a research assistantship as primary support mechanism, by field: 1997
6-47
Academic institutions reporting full-time S&E graduate students with a research assistantship as primary support mechanism, by primary source of support and type of institution: 1980--97
6-48
Broad and fine fields for publications output data
6-49
Distribution of U.S. scientific and technical articles, by sector and field: 1988--97
6-50
Distribution of U.S. scientific and technical articles, by field and sector: 1989--97
6-51
Incidence of multiple corporate authorship of U.S. scientific and technical articles, by field: 1988--97
6-52
Patterns of cross-sectoral coauthorship of U.S. scientific and technical articles, by sector and field: 1988--91 and 1995--97
6-53
Distribution of citations in U.S. scientific and technical articles to other U.S. articles, by sector and field: 1990--93 and 1994--97
6-54
Distribution of citations in U.S. scientific and technical articles across broad and fine fields: 1997
6-55
Scientific and technical articles, by country and field: 1986--97
6-56
Percentage of world's scientific and technical articles in a set of major international journals, by country: 1986--97
6-57
Gross domestic product and scientific and technical articles for selected countries: 1997
6-58
Distribution of scientific and technical articles for selected countries, by field: 1986--97, selected years
6-59
Changes in the field composition of scientific and technical articles for selected countries: 1986--88 to 1995--97
6-60
Coauthored and internationally coauthored scientific and technical articles for selected countries, by field: 1986--97
6-61
Patterns of international coauthorship in scientific and technical research for selected countries: 1986--97
6-62
Citations to foreign literature in scientific and technical journals for selected countries, by field: 1990 and 1997
6-63
Citations to U.S. literature in scientific and technical journals for selected countries, by field: 1990 and 1997
6-64
Citations on U.S. patents to the U.S. scientific and technical literature, by cited field and sector: 1987--98
6-65
Distribution of citations on U.S. patents to the U.S. scientific and technical literature, by field across sectors: 1987--98
6-66
Distribution of citations on U.S. patents to the U.S. scientific and technical literature, within sectors by field: 1987--98
6-67
U.S. patents awarded to U.S. universities with largest 1997 R&D volume and to other academic institutions: 1985--98
6-68
Patents awarded to U.S. universities and colleges, by utility class and University Activity Index: 1969--98

Chapter 7
Industry, Technology, and the Global Marketplace top

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Title
7-1
Real gross domestic product, for selected countries: 1960--95
7-2
Real gross domestic product per capita, for selected countries: 1960--96
7-3
Real gross domestic product per employed person, for selected countries: 1960--96
7-4
Global industry and trade data, by selected countries and industries: 1980--97
7-5
Global industry and trade data for selected countries and service industries
7-6
U.S. trade in advanced technology products: 1990--98
7-7
U.S. receipts and payments of royalties and fees associated with affiliated and unaffiliated foreign residents: 1987--97
7-8
U.S. receipts and payments of royalties and license fees generated from the exchange and use of industrial processes with unaffiliated foreign residents, by region and country: 1987--97
7-9
R&D performance in the United States, by industry: 1973--96
7-10
R&D performance in Japan, by industry: 1973--96
7-11
R&D performance in the European Union, by industry: 1973--95
7-12
Number of U.S. patents granted, by inventor residence, inventor sector, and year of grant: 1963--98
7-13
Patents granted in selected countries, by inventor residence: 1985--96
7-14
U.S. venture capital disbursements, by industry category: 1980--98
7-15
U.S. venture capital disbursements, by financing stage: 1980--98
7-16
U.S. venture capital disbursements as seed money, by industry category: 1980--98

Chapter 8
Science and Technology: Public Attitudes and Public Understanding top

Table
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Title
8-1
Level of public interest in selected policy issues: 1979--99 (selected years)
8-2
Level of public interest in selected policy issues: 1979--99 (selected years)
8-3
Level of public interest in selected policy issues, by sex and level of education: 1999
8-4
How well informed Americans think they are about selected policy issues: 1979--99 (selected years)
8-5
How well informed Americans think they are about selected policy issues: 1979--99 (selected years)
8-6
How well informed Americans think they are about selected policy issues, by sex and level of education: 1999
8-7
Public attentiveness to selected policy issues: 1979--99 (selected years)
8-8
Public attentiveness to scientific and technological issues, by sex and level of education: 1999
8-9
U.S. public understanding of science vocabulary and concepts, by selected characteristics: 1999
8-10
Mean score on Index of Scientific Construct Understanding, by selected characteristics: 1999
8-11
Public understanding of the nature of scientific inquiry, by selected characteristics: 1999
8-12
Responses to items included in the Index of Scientific Promise and the Index of Scientific Reservation: 1999
8-13
Responses to and mean scores on the Attitude Toward Organized Science Scale, by selected characteristics: 1983--99 (selected years)
8-14
Public assessment of the impact of computers and factory automation, by selected characteristics: 1985--99 (selected years)
8-15
Public assessment that people would do better by living a simpler life, by selected characteristics: 1997, 1999
8-16
Public assessment that technological discoveries will destroy the Earth, by selected characteristics: 1997, 1999
8-17
Public assessment that technological development creates an artificial and inhuman way of living, by selected characteristics: 1997,1999
8-18
General attitudes toward science and technology, by selected characteristics: 1992--99 (selected years)
8-19
Public assessment of funding of scientific research by the Federal Government, by selected characteristics: 1985--99
8-20
Percentage of adults agreeing that the Federal Government should support basic scientific research, by level of Index of Scientific Promise and the Index of Scientific Reservation: 1999
8-21
Public preferences for government spending: 1981--99 (selected years)
8-22
Public preferences for government spending, by selected characteristics: 1999
8-23
Public confidence in the people running various institutions: 1973--98
8-24
Public assessment of scientific research, by selected characteristics: 1979--99 (selected years)
8-25
Public assessment of nuclear power, by selected characteristics: 1985--99 (selected years)
8-26
Public assessment of genetic engineering, by selected characteristics: 1985-99 (selected years)
8-27
Public assessment of space exploration, by selected characteristics: 1985--99 (selected years)
8-28
Public assessment of the use of dogs and chimpanzees in scientific research, by selected characteristics: 1988--99 (selected years)
8-29
Public assessment of the use of mice in scientific research, by selected characteristics: 1999
8-30
Public's access to computers from work and home, by selected characteristics: 1983--99 (selected years)
8-31
Public's access to computers from work and home, by selected characteristics: 1995, 1997, and 1999
8-32
Public's access to and use of computers at home and work, by selected characteristics: 1999
8-33
Public use of information on an annual basis, by selected characteristics: 1999
8-34
Public use of various sources of information, by selected characteristics: 1999
8-35
Percentage of the public reading a newspaper every day, by selected characteristics: 1979--99 (selected years)
8-36
Percentage of the public visiting a science or technology museum one or more times per year: 1983--99 (selected years)
8-37
Public assessment of the quality of science and mathematics education in the U.S., by selected characteristics: 1985--99 (selected years)
8-38
Public assessment of astrology, by selected characteristics: 1979--99 (selected years)
8-39
Frequency of reading astrology reports, by selected characteristics: 1985--99 (selected years)
8-40
Public assessment of lucky numbers, by selected characteristics: 1988--99 (selected years)

Chapter 9
Significance of Information Technologies top

Table
Excel
PDF
Title
9-1
Moore's Law: The trend in the number of transistors per chip over time
9-2
Number of Internet hosts
9-3
Department of Commerce Classification of IT producing and using industries
9-4
Gross product by industry as a share of gross domestic product: 1959--94, selected years
9-5
Percentage of public schools with access to the Internet, and percentage of instructional rooms with access to the Internet, by school characteristics: 1994, 1997, and 1998
9-6
Percentage distribution of 2-year and 4-year higher education institutions according to current or planned offering of distance education courses, by institutional characteristics: Fall 1995 and 1997--98
9-7
Number of different distance education courses offered by 2-year and 4-year higher education institutions in 1994--95 and 1997--98, by institutional characteristics
9-8
Percent of 2-year and 4-year higher education institutions offering distance education courses that used selected types of technologies to deliver distance education courses in 1995 and 1997--98, by institutional type
9-9
Web site prevalence of international government agencies
9-10
Annual labor earnings percentiles of adult males in 1997 CPI-U dollars, selected years: 1973--1995