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Indicators 2002
Introduction Overview Chapter 1: Elementary and Secondary Education Chapter 2: Higher Education in Science and Engineering Chapter 3: Science and Engineering Workforce Chapter 4: U.S. and International Research and Development: Funds and Alliances Chapter 5: Academic Research and Development Chapter 6: Industry, Technology, and the Global Marketplace Chapter 7: Science and Technology: Public Attitudes and Public Understanding Chapter 8: Significance of Information Technology Appendix Tables
Chapter Contents:
U.S. Higher Education in Science and Engineering (S&E)
Undergraduate S&E Students and Degrees in the United States
Graduate S&E Students and Degrees in the United States
Increasing Global Capacity in S&E
Selected Bibliography
Appendix Tables
List of Figures
Presentation Slides

Higher Education in Science and Engineering

Selected Bibliography

AAHE Conference on Institutional Change. 1998. Targeting Curricular Change. Washington, DC: American Association for Higher Education.

Accreditation Board for Engineering and Technology. 2001. "ABET Accreditation Guidelines." Available at <>.

American Association for the Advancement of Science. 1999. "India Creates Novel Brain Research Center." Science 386 (October 1): 25.

American Association of Community Colleges. 2001. State-by-State Profile of Community Colleges. Washington, DC: Community College Press.

American Association of State Colleges and Universities, Task Force on Higher Education. 1999. "A Call for Teacher Education Reform." Washington, DC. Available at <>.

Arnon, M. 2001. "U. of Maryland Will Help Uzbekistan Create a Virtual University." The Chronicle of Higher Education August 29.

Asociación Nacional de Universidades e Instituciones de Educación Superior (ANUIES). 2000. Anuario Estadístico 2000: Población Escolar de Nivel Licenciatura en Universidades e Institutos Tecnológicos. Mexico.

———. 2000. Anuario Estadístico 2000: Posgrado. Mexico.

Association of American Universities. 1999. Resolution on Teacher Education. Washington, DC. Available at <>.

Bagla, P. 2000. "Indian Schools Cash in on Silicon Valley Wealth." Science 288 (May): 794–95.

Bailey, T., and I. Averianova. 1999. "Multiple Missions of Community Colleges." Community College Research Center Brief, no. 1 (May).

Blank, R.K., and D. Langesen. 1999. State Indicators of Science and Mathematics Education. Washington, DC: Council of Chief State School Officers.

Birchard, K. 2001. "Irish Universities Criticize Government Support for MIT’s Dublin Lab." The Chronicle of Higher Education, 12 January.

The Boyer Commission on Educating Undergraduates. 1998. Reinventing Undergraduate Education: A Blueprint for America’s Research Universities. Stony Brook, NY: State University of New York at Stony Brook.

Carlson, T. 1999. "Rouen." FAST, Newsletter on Science and Technology of French Embassy in Washington, June 9, 1999. Available at <>.

———. 2001. "EU Science Budget on a Spending Spree." FAST, Newsletter on Science andTechnology of French Embassy in Washington, February 27, 2001. Available at <>.

Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of Teaching. 1994. A Classification of Institutions of Higher Education. Princeton, NJ.

The Center for Institutional Data Analysis and Exchange (C-IDEA). 2000. 1999–2000 SMET Retention Report. Norman, OK: University of Oklahoma.

Center for Science, Mathematics, and Engineering Education. 1996. From Analysis to Action: Undergraduate Education in Science, Mathematics, Education and Technology. Washington, DC: National Academy Press.

Chancellor’s Office, California State University System. 1999. "Focus on Transfer 1999."

Charum, J., and J.B. Meyer. 1998. Hacer ciencia en un mundo globalizado: La diaspora cientifica colombiana en perspectiva. Colombia: Tercer Mundo Editores.

China Daily. 2001a. "A New Year’s Tale of Two Silicon Valleys." S&T News from the China Daily: NSF Tokyo Office. 3 January.

———. 2001b. "Fudan, Bell Join Hands to Set Up IT Laboratory." S&T News from the China Daily: NSF Tokyo Office. 9 January.

Cinelli, M. 2000. "Chu to Head Hong Kong University of Science and Technology: Appointment Expands UH Reach." University of Houston News Release, Nov., 20, 2000.

The College Board. 2000. Trends in College Pricing. New York.

Committee on Science, Engineering, and Public Policy (COSEPUP). 1995. Reshaping the Graduate Education of Scientists and Engineers. Washington, DC: National Academy Press.

Committee on Science and Mathematics Teacher Preparation (CSMTP). 2001. Educating Teachers of Science, Mathematics and Technology: New Practices for the New Millennium. Washington, DC: National Academy Press.

Committee on Undergraduate Science Education (CUSE).1997. Science Teaching Reconsidered: A Handbook. Washington, DC: National Academy Press.

———. 1999. Transforming Undergraduate Education in Science, Mathematics, Engineering and Technology. Washington, DC: National Academy Press.

Cox, A.M. 2001. "A Professor at Notre Dame Sparks a Quiet Revolution in How Chemistry Is Taught." The Chronicle of Higher Education, 25 May.

Dale, L., ed. 2001. Tenth Anniversary, 1991–2000, Making a Difference in Science, Mathematics, Engineering and Technology Education. Birmingham, AL: National Science Foundation’s Louis Stokes Alliance for Minority Participation.

Darling-Hammond, L. 2000. Solving the Dilemmas of Teacher Supply, Demand, and Standards: How We Can Ensure a Competent, Caring, and Qualified Teacher for Every Child. New York: National Commission on Teaching & America’s Future. Available at <>.

Edgerton, R. 1997. "White Paper on Higher Education." Prepared for the Pew Charitable Trusts. Washington, DC: Pew Forum on Undergraduate Learning.

Eide, E., D. Goldhaber, and M.J. Hilmer. Forthcoming. "Can Two-Year College Attendance Lead to Enrollment and Degree Completion at More Selective Four-Year Colleges?" Ongoing research; for further information:

Engineering Workforce Commission. 2000. Engineering and Technology Enrollments, Fall 1999. Washington, DC: American Association of Engineering Societies.

Feistritzer, C.E., and D.T. Chester. 2000. Alternative Teacher Certification: A State-by-State Analysis. Washington DC: National Center for Education Information.

Finn, M. 1999. "Stay Rates of Foreign Doctorate Recipients From U.S. Universities, 1997." Oak Ridge, TN: Oak Ridge Institute for Science and Education.

Gaff, J.G., A.S. Pruitt-Loga, R.A. Weibl, and participants in Preparing Future Faculty Program. 2000. Building the Faculty We Need: Colleges and Universities Working Together. Washington, DC: Association of American Colleges and Universities.

Goel, S. 2000. "IIT’s $1 Billion Facelift Set To Take Shape." The Times of India 18 April.

Golde, C.M., and T. Dore. 2001. "At Cross Purposes: What the Experiences of Today’s Doctoral Students Reveal About Doctoral Education." Available at <>.

Government of the Federal Republic of Germany, Statistisches Bundesamt Wiesbaden. 2000. Prüfungen an Hochschulen. Reihe 4.2, Fachserie 11. Wiesbaden.

Government of France, Ministère de l’Éducation Nationale, de la Recherche et de la Technologie. 2000. Rapport sur les Études Doctorales. Paris.

Government of France, Ministère de l’Éducation Nationale, Ministère de la Recherche. 2000. Repères et Références Statistiques sur les Enseignements, la Formation et la Recherche. Edition 2000. Vanves.

Government of India, Department of Science and Technology. 1999. Research and Development Statistics, 1996–97. New Delhi.

Government of Ireland, FORFAS. 2000. Second Report on Skill Needs. Dublin.

Government of Japan, Ministry of Education, Science, and Culture (Monbusho). 2000. Monbusho Survey of Education. Annual Series. Tokyo.

Government of the Republic of China. Ministry of Education. 2000. Educational Statistics of the Republic of China. Taipei.

Government of the Republic of Korea, Ministry of Education. 1999. Statistical Yearbook of Education. Annual Series. Seoul.

Greenspan, A. 2000. Remarks of the Chairman, Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System to the National Governors’ Association 92nd Annual Meeting, Washington, DC, July 11, 2000.

Grote, K.H. 2000. "The Missing Students—How German Universities React on Declining Enrollments in the Natural Sciences and Technology: Example of the ‘Otto-von-Guericke-University, Magdeburg.’" Presented at the Europe-USA Seminar on Science Education, French Embassy, Washington, DC, October 2, 2000.

Guo, Y. 2001. "Overseas Study Will Inevitably Lead to Integrating Chinese Scientists and Engineers Into the International Community of Science." Paper presented at the Comparative and International Education Society Meeting, Washington, DC, March 13, 2001.

Hayhoe, R. 1989. China’s Universities and the Open Door. Armonk, NY: M.E. Sharpe, Inc.

Higher Education Publication (HEP). 1999. The HEP 1998 Higher Education Directory. Falls Church, VA.

Higher Education Research Institute (HERI), University of California at Los Angeles. 2001. The American Freshman: National Norms 2000. Special tabulations from the survey.

Howard Hughes Medical Institute. 2001. "Research Experiences for Undergraduates." Available at <>.

Institute of International Education (IIE). 2000. Open Doors 2000: Report on International Educational Exchange. New York.

Kellogg Commission on the Future of State and Land-Grant Universities. 1997. Returning to Our Roots: The Student Experience. Washington, DC: National Association of State Universities and Land-Grant Colleges.

Koenig, R. 2001a. "Humboldt Hits the Comeback Trail." Science 291 (February 2) : 819–29.

———. 2001b. "Thirty Nations Pledge to Harmonize Degrees." Science 292 (May): 1465–66.

The Korean-American Science and Technology News. 1998. "Foreign Companies Setting Up Research Centers." The Korean-American Science and Technology News (169)7 October: 98–36.

Lerman, R.I., S.K. Riegg, and H. Salzman. 2000. "The Role of Community Colleges in Expanding the Supply of Information Technology Workers." A report prepared for the U.S. Department of Labor. Washington, DC: The Urban Institute.

Li, H. 2000. "Money and Machines Fuel China’s Push in Sequencing." Science 288 (May 5): 797–98.

Littman, M., and S. Ferruccio. 2000. "The Science of New Degrees." University Business (October): 33–38.

Martin-Rovet, D. 2001. "French Scientists in the United States: Brain Drain or Walkabout?" Paper presented at the Comparative and International Education Society Meetings, Washington, DC, March 13, 2001.

McCormick, A.C. 2000. "Carnegie Classification 2000: Background and Plans." The Carnegie Foundation. Available at <>.

Meister, J. 2001. "The Brave New World of Corporate Education." The Chronicle of Higher Education 9 February.

Meyer, Jean Baptiste. 2001. "Global Flows of Knowledge Carriers: Traditional and New Dimensions." Paper presented at the international conference: Globalization and Higher Education: Views from the South. Cape Town, South Africa, March 27–29, 2001.

Nash, J. Madeleine. 1994. "Tigers in the Lab." Time 21 November: 86–7.

National Alliance of Business. 2001. "Investing in Teaching." Available at <>.

The National Center for Public Policy and Higher Education. 2000. Measuring Up 2000: The State-by-State Report Card for Higher Education. Washington, DC.

National Commission on Mathematics and Science Teaching for the 21st Century. 2000. Before It’s Too Late. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Education. Available at <>.

National Governors Association (NGA) Center for Best Practices. 2001. Higher Expectations. Washington, DC: National Governors Association.

National Science and Technology Council (NSTC). 2000. Ensuring a Strong U.S. Scientific Technical and Engineering Workforce in the 21st Century. Washington, DC: Office of Science and Technology Policy.

The National Science Board (NSB). 2000. The National Science Board: A History in Highlights 1950–2000. Arlington VA: National Science Foundation.

National Science Foundation (NSF), Directorate for Education and Human Resources (EHR) Advisory Committee 1998a. Shaping the Future, Vol. I: Strategies for Revitalizing Undergraduate Education. NSF 98-73. Arlington, VA.

———. 1998b. Shaping the Future, Vol. II: Perspectives on Undergraduate Education in Science, Mathematics, Engineering and Technology. NSF 98-128. Arlington, VA.

———. 2000. Annual Report submitted in October 2000 by the Division of Undergraduate Education to the Directorate for Education and Human Resources (available on request). Arlington, VA.

———. 2001a. "Integrative Graduate Education and Research Traineeship Programs NSF/IGERT." Available at <>.

———. 2001b. "Research Experience for Undergraduates (REU)." Available at <>.

———. 2001c. "Cooperative Activity With Department of Energy Programs for Education and Human Resource Development." NSF 01-68. Arlington, VA. Also available at <>.

National Science Foundation (NSF), Division of International Programs (INT). 2000. "Report on EU Conference on Research Infrastructures." Paper presented in Strasbourg, September 18–20, 2000, by D.E. Schindel. NSF Europe Office Update 00-03.

National Science Foundation (NSF), Division of Science Resources Studies (SRS). 1993. Human Resources for Science and Technology: The Asian Region. NSF 93-303. Arlington, VA.

———. 1996. Human Resources for Science and Technology: The European Region. NSF 96-316. Arlington, VA.

———. 1998. Statistical Profile of Foreign Doctoral Recipients in Science and Engineering: Plans to Stay in the United States. NSF 99-304. Arlington, VA.

———. 2000. Graduate Education Reform in Europe, Asia, and the Americas and International Mobility of Scientists and Engineers. NSF 00-318. Arlington, VA.

———. 2001a. Graduate Students and Postdoctorates in Science and Engineering: Fall 1999. NSF 01-315. Arlington, VA. Available at <>.

———. 2001b. Human Resource Contributions to U.S. Science and Engineering from China. Issue Brief, January 12. NSF 01-311. Arlington, VA.

———. 2001c. Science and Engineering Degrees: 1966–98. NSF 01-325. Arlington, VA.

———. 2001d. Science and Engineering Doctorate Awards: 1999. NSF 01-314. Arlington, VA.

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Nyquist, J.D., and B.J. Woodford. 2000. "Re-envisioning the Ph.D.: What Concerns Do We Have?" Seattle, WA: University of Washington, Center for Instructional Development and Research.

Office of Government and Public Affairs. 2000. Developing a Distance Education Policy for 21st Century Learning. Washington, DC: American Council on Education. Available at <>.

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Patterson, W. 1998. Certificates: A Survey of Our Status and Review of Successful Programs in the U.S. and Canada. Washington, DC: Council of Graduate Schools.

———. 1999. "Certificate Programs Raise Important Issues." Council of Graduate Schools Communicator 22 (April): 1–3.

Pepper, J.E. 1999. "National Benefits from Global R&D." Paper presented at the Industrial Research Institute Annual Meeting, Williamsburg, VA, May 26, 1999.

PEW Forum on Undergraduate Learning. 2000. National Survey of Student Engagement: National Benchmarks of Effective Educational Practices. Bloomington, IN: Indiana University Press.

Phillippe, K.A., and M. Patton. 1999. National Profile of Community Colleges: Trends & Statistics. 3d ed. Washington, DC: Community College Press; American Association of Community Colleges.

Pierce, D. 2000. Interview in the Council of Graduate Schools, June 2.

Pires, M, R. Kassimir, and M. Brhane. 1999. Investing in Return: Rates of Return of African Ph.D.’s Trained in North America. New York: Social Science Research Council (SSRC).

Plafker, T. 1999. "China Increases University Enrollments, Hoping Student Spending Will Revive Economy." The Chronicle of Higher Education, 3 September.

Porter, M.E., and S. Stern.1999. "The New Challenge to American Prosperity: Findings From the Innovation Index." Washington, DC: Council on Competitiveness. Available at <>.

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Regional Accrediting Commissions. 2001. "Best Practices for Electronically Offered Degree and Certificate Programs." Available at <>.

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