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Indicators 2002
Introduction Overview Chapter 1: Elementary and Secondary Education Chapter 2: Higher Education in Science and Engineering Chapter 3: Science and Engineering Workforce Chapter 4: U.S. and International Research and Development: Funds and Alliances Chapter 5: Academic Research and Development Chapter 6: Industry, Technology, and the Global Marketplace Chapter 7: Science and Technology: Public Attitudes and Public Understanding Chapter 8: Significance of Information Technology Appendix Tables
Chapter Contents:
Profile of the U.S. S&E Workforce
Labor Market Conditions for Recent S&E Degree-Holders
Age and Retirement
Projected Demand for S&E Workers
The Global S&E Workforce and the United States
Conclusion and Summary
Selected Bibliography
Appendix Tables
List of Figures
Presentation Slides

Science and Engineering Workforce


Chapter Overview
Chapter Organization

Chapter Overview  top of page

Within the U.S. civilian workforce, a group generically referred to as "scientists and engineers" consists of people educated in science (including life, physical, social, computer, and mathematical sciences) and engineering (S&E) and people who, although not educated in these fields, hold S&E occupations. This varied workforce includes technicians and technologists, researchers, educators, and managers of the S&E enterprise. Although these workers make up only a small fraction (less than 5 percent) of the total U.S. civilian workforce, their effect on society belies their number—scientists and engineers contribute enormously to technological innovation and economic growth, scientific and engineering research, and a greater understanding of S&E.

Chapter Organization  top of page

This chapter first presents a profile of the U.S. S&E workforce, including workforce size and various employment characteristics. Information on the sex and racial or ethnic composition of the S&E workforce is provided, followed by a description of labor market conditions for recent bachelor’s, master’s, and doctoral S&E degree recipients. Discussions on the effects of age and retirement on the S&E workforce and the projected demand for S&E workers over 2000–10 are presented. The chapter concludes by examining the global S&E workforce and the migration of scientists and engineers to the United States.

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