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Indicators 2002
Introduction Overview Chapter 1: Elementary and Secondary Education Chapter 2: Higher Education in Science and Engineering Chapter 3: Science and Engineering Workforce Chapter 4: U.S. and International Research and Development: Funds and Alliances Chapter 5: Academic Research and Development Chapter 6: Industry, Technology, and the Global Marketplace Chapter 7: Science and Technology: Public Attitudes and Public Understanding Chapter 8: Significance of Information Technology Appendix Tables
Chapter Contents:
Profile of the U.S. S&E Workforce
Labor Market Conditions for Recent S&E Degree-Holders
Age and Retirement
Projected Demand for S&E Workers
The Global S&E Workforce and the United States
Conclusion and Summary
Selected Bibliography
Appendix Tables
List of Figures
Presentation Slides

Science and Engineering Workforce

Projected Demand for S&E Workers

During the 2000–2010 period, employment in S&E occupations is expected to increase about three times faster than the rate for all occupations. (See text table 3-23 text table.) Although the economy as a whole is expected to provide approximately 15 percent more jobs over this decade, employment opportunities for S&E jobs are expected to increase by about 47 percent (about 2.2 million jobs).

Approximately 86 percent of the increase in S&E jobs will likely occur in computer–related occupations. Overall employment in these occupations across all industries is expected to increase by about 82 percent over the 2000-2010 decade, adding almost 1.9 million new jobs. The number of jobs for computer software engineers is expected to increase from 697,000 to 1.4 million, and employment for computer systems analysts is expected to grow from 431,000 to 689,000 jobs.

Within engineering, environmental engineering is projected to have the biggest relative employment gains, increasing by 14,000 jobs, or about 27 percent. Computer hardware engineering is also expected to experience above-average employment gains, growing by 25 percent. Employment for all engineering occupations is expected to increase by less than 10 percent.

Job opportunities in life science occupations are projected to grow by almost 18 percent (33,000 new jobs) over the 2000-2010 period; at 27 percent (10,000 new jobs), medical science occupations are expected to experience the largest growth. Employment in physical science occupations is expected to increase by about 18 percent (from 239,000 to 283,000 jobs); slightly less than one-half of these projected job gains are for environmental scientists (21,000 new jobs).

Social science occupations are expected to experience above-average growth (20 percent) over the decade largely due to the employment increases anticipated for market and survey researchers (27 percent, or 30,000 new jobs). Demand for psychologists is also projected to be favorable (18 percent, or 33,000 new jobs).

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