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Indicators 2002
Introduction Overview Chapter 1: Elementary and Secondary Education Chapter 2: Higher Education in Science and Engineering Chapter 3: Science and Engineering Workforce Chapter 4: U.S. and International Research and Development: Funds and Alliances Chapter 5: Academic Research and Development Chapter 6: Industry, Technology, and the Global Marketplace Chapter 7: Science and Technology: Public Attitudes and Public Understanding Chapter 8: Significance of Information Technology Appendix Tables
Chapter Contents:
Highlights
Introduction
R&D Support in the United States
R&D Performance in the United States
Research Alliances: Trends in Industry, Government, and University Collaboration
International Comparisons of National R&D Trends
International Industrial R&D Investments
Conclusion
Selected Bibliography
 
Sidebars
Appendix Tables
List of Figures
Presentation Slides

U.S. and International Research and Development:  Funds and Alliances

Selected Bibliography

Adams, J.D., E.P. Chiang, and K. Starkey. 2001. "Industry-University Cooperative Research Centers." Journal of Technology Transfer, Vol. 26, No. 1/2: 73–86.

American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS) and Centre for Science Research and Statistics (CSRS). 2001. Comparative Study of National R&D Policy and R&D Data Systems in the United States and Russia (draft). Washington, DC.

Arora, A., A. Fosfuri, and A. Gambardella. 2000. Markets for Technology and Their Implications for Corporate Strategy. Pittsburgh, PA: Carnegie Mellon University, Heinz School of Public Policy and Management. Mimeographed.

Battelle Memorial Institute and the State Science and Technology Institute. 1998. Survey of State Research and Development Expenditures: FY 1995. Columbus, OH.

Behrens, T.R., and D.O. Gray. 2001. "Unintended Consequences of Cooperative Research: Impact of Industry Sponsorship on Climate for Academic Freedom and Other Graduate Student Outcome." Research Policy 30: 179–199.

Board on Science, Technology, and Economic Policy, National Research Council. 1999. Securing America’s Industrial Strength. Washington, DC: National Academy Press.

Boesman, W. 1994. Big Science and Technology Projects: Analysis of 30 Selected U.S. Government Projects. 94–687 SPR. Washington, DC: Congressional Research Service.

Bozeman, B. 2000. "Technology Transfer and Public Policy: A Review of Research and Theory." Research Policy 29: 627–55.

Brod, A, and A.N. Link. 2001. Trends in Cooperative Research Activity. In M.P. Feldman and A. Link, eds., Technology Policy for the Knowledge-Based Economy. Boston: Kluwer Academic Press.

Brooks, H., and L.P. Randazzese. 1998. "University-Industry Relations: The Next Four Years and Beyond." In L.M. Branscomb and J.H. Keller, eds., Investing in Innovation: Creating a Research and Innovation Policy That Works. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.

Bush, V. 1945. Science—The Endless Frontier: A Report to the President on a Program for Postwar Scientific Research. Reprinted 1990. Washington, DC: National Science Foundation.

Centre for Science Research and Statistics (CSRS). 2001. Russian Science and Technology at a Glance: 2000. Moscow.

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Cohen, W.M., R. Florida, L.P. Randazzese, and J. Walsh. 1998. "Industry and the Academy: Uneasy Partners in the Cause of Technological Advance." In R. Noll, ed., Challenges to Research Universities. Washington, DC: Brookings Institution Press.

Committee on Science, Engineering, and Public Policy (COSEPUP). 1999. Evaluating Federal Research Programs: Research and the Government Performance and Results Act. Washington, DC: National Academy Press.

Cordes, J.J., H. Hertzfeld, and N.S. Vonortas. 1999. A Survey of High Technology Firms. Washington, DC: U.S. Small Business Administration.

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Dalton, D.H., M.G. Serapio, and P.G. Yoshida. 1999. Globalizing Industrial Research and Development. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Commerce, Office of Technology Policy.

Davey, M., and R. Rowberg. 2000. Challenges in Collecting and Reporting Federal Research and Development Data. Washington, DC: Congressional Research Service.

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Feldman, M.P., I. Feller, J.E.L. Bercovitz, and R.M. Burton. 2001. "Understanding Evolving University-Industry Relationships." In M.P. Feldman and A. Link, eds., Technology Policy for the Knowledge-Based Economy. Boston: Kluver Academic Press.

Freeman, C., and L. Soete. 1999. The Economics of Industrial Innovation. 3rd ed. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.

Government of Republic of China. 2000. Indicators of Science and Technology (charts).

Hagerdoon, J., A.N. Link, and N.S. Vonortas. 2000. "Research Partnerships." Research Policy 29: 567–586.

Hagerdoon, J. 2001. Maastricht Economic Research Institute on Innovation and Technology (MERIT). Cooperative Agreements and Technology Indicators (CATI) Database. Unpublished tabulations. Maastricht, Netherlands.

Hall, B., and J. Van Reenen. 2000. "How Effective Are Fiscal Incentives for R&D? A Review of the Evidence." Research Policy 29: 449–469.

Hamilton, D.P., and A. Regaldo. 2001. "In Hot Pursuit of the Proteome." Wall Street Journal. April 5, 2001, p. B1.

Himmelberg, C.P., and B.C. Petersen. 1994. "R&D and Internal Finance: A Panel Study of Small Firms in High-Tech Industries." The Review of Economics and Statistics 76(1): 38–51.

Industrial Research Institute (IRI). 1999. "Japanese Companies Keep Spending on R&D." Research Technology Management 42(2): 5.

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Jankowski, J. 1998. "R&D: The Foundation for Innovation. Changes in U.S. Industry." In Trends in Industrial Innovation: Industry Perspectives and Policy Implications, pp. 201–211. Research Triangle Park, NC: Sigma Xi, The Scientific Research Society, Inc.

——. 1999. "Trends in Academic Research Spending, Alliances, and Commercialization." The Journal of Technology Transfer 24: 55–68.

——. 2001a. "A Brief Data-Informed History of Science and Technology Policy. In M.P. Feldman and A. Link, eds., Technology Policy for the Knowledge-Based Economy. Boston: Kluwer Academic Press.

——. 2001b. "Measurement and Growth of R&D Within the Service Economy." Journal of Technology Transfer 26(October): 4: 323-336.

Kaiser, F., A.M. Klemperer, A. Gorrnitzka, E.G. Schrier, B.J.R. van der Meulen, and P.A.M. Maassen. 1999. Separating Teaching and Research Expenditure in Higher Education. Overijssel, Netherlands: University of Twente, Center for Higher Education Policy Studies.

Kang, N.H. and S. Johansson. 2000. "Cross-Border Mergers and Acquisitions: Their Role in Industrial Globalisation." Paris: Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development, Directorate for Science, Technology, and Industry, Working Paper 2000/1.

Kang, N.H. and K. Sakai. 2000. "International Strategic Alliances: Their Role in Industrial Globalisation." Paris: Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development, Directorate for Science, Technology, and Industry, Working Paper 2000/5.

Lerner, J., and C. Kegler. 2000. "Evaluating the SBIR: A Literature Review." In The SBIR Program: An Assessment of the Department of Defense Fast Track Initiative. Washington, DC: National Academy Press.

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Link, A.N., and N. Vonortas. 2001. "Strategic Research Partnerships: An Overview." In Strategic Research Partnerships: Proceedings from an NSF Workshop, NSF 01-336, Project Officers, John E. Jankowski, Albert N. Link, Nicholas S. Vonortas, Arlington, VA: National Science Foundation.

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Mowery, D.C. 1998. "The Changing Structure of the U.S. National Innovation System: Implications for International Conflict and Cooperation in R&D Policy." Research Policy 27: 639–654.

Mowery, D.C., R. Nelson, B.N. Sampat, and A.A. Ziedonis. 2001. "The Growth of Patenting and Licensing by U.S. Universities: An Assessment of the Effects of the Bayh-Dole Act of 1980." Research Policy 30: 99–119.

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National Research Council. 2000. Measuring the Science and Engineering Enterprise. Washington, DC: National Academy Press.

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National Science Foundation (NSF). 1996. Human Resources for Science & Technology: The European Region. NSF 96-316. By Jean Johnson. Arlington, VA.

——. 1997. "Japan Hopes to Double Its Government Spending on R&D." Issue Brief. June 13. NSF 97-310. Arlington, VA.

——. 1999a. National Patterns of R&D Resources: 1998. NSF 99-335. By Steve Payson. Arlington, VA.

——. 1999b. What Is the State Government Role in the R&D Enterprise? NSF 99-348. By John E. Jankowski. Arlington, VA.

——. 2001a. National Patterns of R&D Resources: 2000 Data Update. NSF 01-309. By Steve Payson. Arlington, VA.

——. 2001b. Federal Funds for Research and Development: Fiscal Years 1999, 2000, and 2001. NSF 01-328. Project Officer, Ronald L. Meeks, Arlington, VA.

——. 2001c. Federal R&D Funding by Budget Function: Fiscal Years 1999–2001. NSF 01-316. Project Officer, Ronald L. Meeks, Arlington, VA.

——. 2001d. Nonprofit Sector’s R&D Grows Over Past Quarter Century, Data Brief. NSF 01-318. Project Officer, Mary V. Burke, Arlington, VA.

——. 2001e. Research and Development in Industry: 1999, Early Release Tables. Project Officer, Raymond Wolfe, Arlington, VA.

——. 2001f. Strategic Research Partnerships: Proceedings from an NSF Workshop. NSF 01-336. Project Officers, John E. Jankowski, Albert N. Link, Nicholas S. Vonortas, Arlington, VA.

——. 2001g. U.S. Industrial R&D Performers Report Increased R&D in 1999: New Industry Coding and Size Classifications for NSF Survey. Data Brief. NSF 01-326. By Raymond Wolfe. Arlington, VA.

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