Table 4-1
U.S. R&D expenditures, by character of work, performing sector, and source of funds: 2002
 
  Source of funds Percent
distribution
of total
expenditures
           
Performing sector Total Industry Federal
Government
U&C Other
nonprofit
institutions
  Millions of dollars  
R&D 276,185 180,769 78,185 7,455 7,304 100.0
Industry 194,430 177,345 17,085 70.4
Industry-administered FFRDCs 2,235 2,235 0.8
Federal Government 23,788 23,788 8.6
U&C 36,019 2,341 21,066 7,455 2,685 13.0
U&C-administered FFRDCs 6,060 6,060 2.2
Other nonprofit institutions 11,620 1,083 5,918 4,619 4.2
Nonprofit-administered FFRDCs 2,034 2,034 0.7
Percent distribution by source 100.0 65.5 28.3 2.7 2.6
Basic research 49,566 9,186 29,218 6,767 4,395 100.0
Industry 7,751 6,989 762 15.6
Industry-administered FFRDCs 611 611 1.2
Federal Government 4,617 4,617 9.3
U&C 26,677 1,596 16,484 6,767 1,830 53.8
U&C-administered FFRDCs 2,962 2,962 6.0
Other nonprofit institutions 6,020 601 2,854 2,565 12.1
Nonprofit-administered FFRDCs 928 928 1.9
Percent distribution by source 100.0 18.5 58.9 13.7 8.9
Applied research 64,803 39,833 20,507 2,591 1,872 100.0
Industry 42,590 38,947 3,643 65.7
Industry-administered FFRDCs 304 304 0.5
Federal Government 8,083 8,083 12.5
U&C 8,008 611 4,105 2,591 701 12.4
U&C-administered FFRDCs 1,645 1,645 2.5
Other nonprofit institutions 3,902 275 2,456 1171 6.0
Nonprofit-administered FFRDCs 271 271 0.4
Percent distribution by source 100.0 61.5 31.6 4.0 2.9
Development 161,817 131,750 28,460 569 1038 100.0
Industry 144,089 131,409 12,680 89.0
Industry-administered FFRDCs 1,320 1,320 0.8
Federal Government 11,088 11,088 6.9
U&C 1,334 134 477 569 154 0.8
U&C-administered FFRDCs 1,452 1,452 0.9
Other nonprofit institutions 1,699 207 608 884 1.0
Nonprofit-administered FFRDCs 835 835 0.5
Percent distribution by source 100.0 81.4 17.6 0.4 0.6
 
FFRDC federally funded research and development center
U&C universities and colleges

NOTES: State and local government support to industry is included in industry support for industry performance. State and local government support to U&C ($2,472 million in total R&D) is included in U&C support for U&C performance.

SOURCES: National Science Foundation, Division of Science Resources Statistics, National Patterns of R&D Resources, annual series. See appendix tables 4-3, 4-7, 4-11, and 4-15.
 
Science & Engineering Indicators — 2004
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