Table 4-17
R&D share of gross domestic product, by country/economy: 1997–2001
 
Country/economy Percent         Country/economy Percent
Total OECD (2000) 2.24   Italy (2000) 1.07
European Union (2000) 1.88   New Zealand (1999) 1.03
Israel (2001) 4.43   China (2000) 1.00
Sweden (1999) 3.78   Spain (2001) 0.97
Finland (2000) 3.37   Brazil (1999) 0.87
Japan (2000) 2.98   Cuba (2000) 0.82
Iceland (2001) 2.90   Hungary (2000) 0.80
United States (2001) 2.71   Portugal (1999) 0.76
South Korea (2000) 2.65   Greece (1999) 0.67
Switzerland (2000) 2.64   Poland (2001) 0.67
Germany (2001) 2.53   Slovak Republic (2001) 0.65
France (2001) 2.20   Turkey (2000) 0.64
Singapore (2001) 2.11   Chile (2000) 0.54
Denmark (1999) 2.09   Mexico (1999) 0.43
Taiwan (2000) 2.05   Argentina (2001) 0.42
Netherlands (2000) 1.97   Romania (2001) 0.40
Belgium (1999) 1.96   Panama (1999) 0.35
Canada (2001) 1.94   Bolivia (2000) 0.28
Austria (2001) 1.91   Costa Rica (1998) 0.27
United Kingdom (2000) 1.85   Uruguay (1999) 0.26
Australia (2000) 1.53   Colombia (2000) 0.24
Slovenia (2000) 1.52   Trinidad and Tobago (1997) 0.14
Norway (2001) 1.46   Nicaragua (1997) 0.13
Czech Republic (2001) 1.31   Ecuador (1998) 0.08
Ireland (1999) 1.21   El Salvador (1998) 0.08
Russian Federation (2001) 1.16   Peru (1999) 0.08
 
OECD Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development

NOTES: Civilian R&D only for Israel and Taiwan. Data are presented for the latest available year, in parentheses.

SOURCES: OECD, Main Science and Technology Indicators database, 2002; and Iberomerican Network of Science and Technology Indicators, Principales Indicadores de Ciencia y Tecnologia Argentina 2001 (Buenos Aires, 2002).
 
Science & Engineering Indicators — 2004
Source Links:
Source data Excel
Close window