Table 5-11
S&E doctorate holders and graduate research assistants employed in academia, by Carnegie institution type: 1975–2001
(Percent distribution)
 
Group and institution type 1975-81 1981-91 1991-2001
All employed S&E doctorate-holders 100.0 100.0 100.0
Research universities 54.2 53.6 50.6
Doctorate-granting institutions 11.5 11.3 11.2
Comprehensive institutions 18.1 18.5 18.4
All others 16.3 16.6 19.8
Researchersa 100.0 100.0 100.0
Research universities 65.4 63.0 58.3
Doctorate-granting institutions 10.8 11.0 11.5
Comprehensive institutions 12.3 13.6 14.7
All others 11.5 12.5 15.6
Graduate research assistantsb 100.0 100.0 100.0
Research universities 87.5 84.6 80.9
Doctorate-granting institutions 9.2 9.9 11.4
Comprehensive institutions 2.1 3.3 4.8
All others 1.2 2.2 2.8
 
aResearch is primary or secondary work activity.
bGraduate students with primary research assistantship support.

NOTES: Institutional designation is according to A Classification of Institutions of Higher Education, Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of Teaching (Princeton, NJ, 1994). Freestanding schools of engineering and technology are included under comprehensive institutions. “All others” includes freestanding medical schools, 4-year colleges, specialized institutions, and institutions without a Carnegie code. Percents may not sum to 100 because of rounding.

SOURCES: National Science Foundation, Division of Science Resources Statistics (NSF/SRS), Survey of Doctorate Recipients, special tabulations; and NSF/SRS, Survey of Graduate Students and Postdoctorates in Science and Engineering. See appendix table 5-29.
 
Science & Engineering Indicators — 2004
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