Table 5-22
Breadth of international S&E collaboration, by country/economy: 1994 and 2001
 
  Collaborating countries
Country/economy 1994 2001
Developed    
United States 154 166
France 140 152
United Kingdom 143 150
Germany 125 130
Netherlands 115 127
Italy 114 121
Canada 119 120
Spain 88 116
Switzerland 112 116
Japan 97 114
Belgium 100 112
Australia 93 106
Sweden 110 102
Denmark 83 100
Austria 73 93
Norway 64 87
Israel 71 86
Portugal 51 86
Greece 68 82
Finland 73 81
Ireland 57 71
New Zealand 55 66
Emerging/developing    
China 78 103
Brazil 85 102
India 90 101
South Africa 58 95
Mexico 69 89
Russia 89 88
Poland 73 79
South Korea 52 78
Argentina 58 76
Hungary 64 74
Czech Republic 65 72
Kenya 50 69
Thailand 59 69
Egypt 72 67
Taiwan 46 66
Chile 57 64
Indonesia 37 60
Singapore 36 57
Slovakia 51 54
Nigeria 59 52
Croatia 44 52
Pakistan 37 52
Estonia 29 47
Lebanon 19 46
Philippines 38 46
Vietnam 25 46
Uganda 31 44
Iran 20 44
 
NOTE: Data are number of countries that have jointly authored articles (based on institutional address) with indicated countries.

SOURCES: Institute for Scientific Information, Science Citation Index and Social Sciences Citation Index; CHI Research, Inc.; and National Science Foundation, Division of Science Resources Statistics, special tabulations. See appendix table 5-43.
 
Science & Engineering Indicators – 2004
Source Links:
Source data Excel
Close window