Table 5-31
Academic patenting and licensing activities: 1991–2001
 
Indicator of activity 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001
  Number
Academic institutions reporting 98 98 117 120 127 131 132 132 139 142 139
  Millions of dollars
Net royalties NA NA 195.0 217.4 239.1 290.1 391.1 517.3 583.0 1012.0 753.9
Gross royalties 130.0 172.4 242.3 265.9 299.1 365.2 482.8 613.6 675.5 1,108.9a 868.3
Royalties paid to others NA NA 19.5 20.8 25.6 28.6 36.2 36.7 34.5 32.7 41.0
Unreimbursed legal fees expended 19.3 22.2 27.8 27.7 34.4 46.5 55.5 59.6 58.0 64.2 73.4
New research funding from licensesb NA NA NA 106.3 112.5 155.7 136.2 126.9 149.0 184.0 NA
  Number
Invention disclosures received 4,880 5,700 6,598 6,697 7,427 8,119 9,051 9,555 10,052 10,802 11,259
New U.S. patent applications filed 1,335 1,608 1,993 2,015 2,373 2,734 3,644 4,140 4,871 5,623 5,784
U.S. patents granted NA NA 1,307 1,596 1,550 1,776 2,239 2,681 3,079 3,272 3,179
Startup companies formed NA NA NA 175 169 184 258 279 275 368 402
Revenue-generating licenses
and options
2,210 2,809 3,413 3,560 4,272 4,958 5,659 6,006 6,663 7,562 7,715
New licenses and options executed 1,079 1,461 1,737 2,049 2,142 2,209 2,707 3,078 3,295 3,569 3,300
Equity licenses and options NA NA NA NA 99 113 203 210 181 296 NA
  Percentc
Sponsored research funds 65 68 75 76 78 81 82 83 82 86 84
Federal research funds 79 82 85 85 85 89 90 90 90 92 92
 
NA not available

aIncludes one-time payments of equity cash in and funds received from settlement of a patent infringement suit.
bDirectly related to a license or option agreement.
cOf national academic total represented by number of academic institutions reporting.

SOURCE: Association of University Technology Managers, AUTM Licensing Survey (Norwalk, CT, various years).
 
Science & Engineering Indicators — 2004
Source Links:
Source data Excel
Close window