|Quartile groups for individuals
in S&E occupations as share of workforce: 1999*
|(20.48% - 3.02%)
||(2.94% - 2.41%)
||(2.41% - 1.88%)
||(1.82% - 1.20%)
|District of Columbia
|*States in alphabetical order, not data order.
SOURCES: National Science Foundation, Division of Science
Resources Statistics, Scientists and Engineers Statistical Data System
(SESTAT); and U.S. Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics, Local
Area Unemployment Statistics. See table
- In 1999, about 3.5 million people worked in occupations classified as S&E.
- The concentration of S&E occupations in the workforce varied little
since 1995, averaging 2.5–2.6 percent across the United States.
- States located in the Northeast, Southwest, and West Coast tend to be in
the top two quartiles on this measure. The District of Columbia is an outlier.
This indicator shows the extent to which a state's workforce is college educated
and employed in science and engineering occupations. A high value for this indicator
shows that a state's economy has a high percentage of technical jobs relative
to other states.
S&E occupations include mathematical, computer, life, physical,
and social scientists; engineers; and postsecondary teachers in any of these
S&E fields. People with job titles such as manager are excluded.
Civilian workforce data are Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) estimates based
on the Current Population Survey. BLS data are based on residence location,
whereas data on people in S&E occupations are largely based on work location.
Because of this difference and the sample-based nature of the data, estimates
for sparsely populated states and the District of Columbia may be imprecise.