|Quartile groups for S&E
doctorate holders as share of workforce: 2001*
|(4.85% - 0.50%)
||(0.49% - 0.34%)
||(0.33% - 0.29%)
||(0.28% - 0.19%)
|District of Columbia
|*States in alphabetical order, not data order.
SOURCES: National Science Foundation, Division
of Science Resources Statistics, Survey of Doctorate Recipients; and U.S.
Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics, Local Area Unemployment
See table 8-11.
- In 2001, fewer than 0.5 percent of the workforce held an S&E doctorate,
little changed from 1993.
- Although the number of employed S&E doctorate holders increased by
24 percent from 1993 to 2001, the size of the total workforce rose at nearly
the same rate.
- States in the top quartile tend to be home to major research laboratories,
research universities, or research-intensive industries.
- The District of Columbia is an outlier.
This indicator shows a state's tendency to attract and retain highly trained
scientists and engineers. Such people often conduct research and development,
manage R&D activities, or are otherwise engaged in knowledge-intensive activities.
A high value for this indicator suggests employment opportunities in a state
for individuals with highly advanced S&E training.
S&E includes physical, earth, ocean, atmospheric, life, computer, and
social sciences; mathematics; engineering; and psychology. S&E doctorate
holders exclude those with doctorates from foreign institutions. The location
of the doctorate holders primarily reflects where the individuals work. Civilian
workforce data are Bureau of Labor Statistics estimates based on the Current
Population Survey, with location based on residence. Because of this difference
and the sample-based nature of the data, estimates for sparsely populated states
and the District of Columbia may be imprecise.