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Science and Engineering Indicators 2004
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Chapter 8:
Overview
Secondary Education
Higher Education
Workforce
Financial Research and Development Inputs
R&D Outputs
Science and Technology in the Economy

 

 

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State Indicators

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Financial Research and Development Inputs

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Table 8-12.
R&D as share of GSP, by state: 1991, 1995, & 2000
    R&D Performed (thousands of dollars) GSP (millions of dollars) R&D performed/GSP (percent)
State 1991 1995 2000 1991 1995 2000 1991 1995 2000
All states 160,521,000 177,166,037 244,855,083 5,895,431 7,309,513 9,891,183 2.72 2.42 2.48
  Alabama 1,510,827 1,680,828 1,730,117 75,977 95,514 119,319 1.99 1.76 1.45
  Alaska 146,091 163,396 196,448 22,021 24,791 28,129 0.66 0.66 0.70
  Arizona 1,398,709 1,957,119 3,107,291 71,876 104,586 153,469 1.95 1.87 2.02
  Arkansas 198,271 329,500 454,401 41,277 53,809 66,793 0.48 0.61 0.68
  California 28,346,287 36,035,609 55,092,936 814,743 925,931 1,330,025 3.48 3.89 4.14
  Colorado NA 2,700,684 4,229,501 79,448 109,021 169,341 NA 2.48 2.50
  Connecticut 1,917,105 4,310,652 4,888,469 100,395 118,645 161,929 1.91 3.63 3.02
  Delaware NA 1,148,632 1,532,130 22,169 27,575 37,247 NA 4.17 4.11
  District of Columbia 1,736,670 3,128,187 2,296,233 42,240 48,408 59,963 4.11 6.46 3.83
  Florida 3,699,966 5,222,709 4,662,727 269,845 344,771 471,623 1.37 1.51 0.99
  Georgia 1,478,861 2,112,474 2,796,192 148,722 203,505 295,539 0.99 1.04 0.95
  Hawaii 144,656 169,252 291,409 34,002 37,243 42,524 0.43 0.45 0.69
  Idaho NA 913,961 1,433,567 18,655 27,155 36,755 NA 3.37 3.90
  Illinois 6,413,236 7,482,753 12,767,496 285,719 359,451 466,312 2.24 2.08 2.74
  Indiana 2,346,791 3,162,376 3,252,494 114,188 148,447 189,778 2.06 2.13 1.71
  Iowa 777,130 1,391,005 1,017,300 57,698 71,687 89,654 1.35 1.94 1.13
  Kansas NA 763,702 1,420,089 53,576 64,069 84,526 NA 1.19 1.68
  Kentucky 316,616 593,797 866,052 70,834 91,472 117,233 0.45 0.65 0.74
  Louisiana 453,098 422,967 626,793 95,918 112,157 144,984 0.47 0.38 0.43
  Maine NA 345,449 318,726 23,635 27,987 36,276 NA 1.23 0.88
  Maryland 5,736,048 6,865,287 8,633,558 117,630 139,495 185,049 4.88 4.92 4.67
  Massachusetts 8,565,279 9,969,508 13,004,427 161,517 197,469 283,072 5.30 5.05 4.59
  Michigan 8,850,565 13,274,875 18,892,070 194,230 254,179 323,717 4.56 5.22 5.84
  Minnesota 2,227,672 3,087,438 4,298,967 103,923 131,841 186,097 2.14 2.34 2.31
  Mississippi 302,380 314,710 512,789 41,311 54,562 66,162 0.73 0.58 0.78
  Missouri NA 2,498,360 2,583,036 110,396 139,547 177,104 NA 1.79 1.46
  Montana NA 119,109 169,856 14,075 17,537 21,702 NA 0.68 0.78
  Nebraska 210,756 335,930 438,996 35,482 44,084 55,649 0.59 0.76 0.79
  Nevada 261,232 445,028 377,412 33,665 49,377 75,533 0.78 0.90 0.50
  New Hampshire NA 597,697 775,004 24,948 32,388 47,385 NA 1.85 1.64
  New Jersey 8,777,671 9,128,185 13,133,222 224,307 271,435 357,453 3.91 3.36 3.67
  New Mexico 2,589,385 3,295,475 3,085,199 30,862 42,170 52,592 8.39 7.81 5.87
  New York 10,315,493 10,954,561 13,555,586 504,665 597,593 798,382 2.04 1.83 1.70
  North Carolina 1,965,076 3,191,790 5,045,250 147,473 194,634 272,934 1.33 1.64 1.85
  North Dakota NA 97,606 145,671 11,634 14,529 18,556 NA 0.67 0.79
  Ohio 5,975,241 5,314,554 7,661,540 235,876 295,668 370,617 2.53 1.80 2.07
  Oklahoma 604,019 528,764 659,684 59,698 69,960 90,942 1.01 0.76 0.73
  Oregon 600,175 1,088,654 2,116,232 60,602 81,092 121,383 0.99 1.34 1.74
  Pennsylvania 7,620,947 6,918,955 9,841,912 260,591 318,765 399,488 2.92 2.17 2.46
  Rhode Island 484,693 896,570 1,500,828 21,758 25,703 36,086 2.23 3.49 4.16
  South Carolina 594,444 996,261 1,126,164 68,776 86,880 112,197 0.86 1.15 1.00
  South Dakota 32,297 54,667 84,801 14,093 18,257 23,452 0.23 0.30 0.36
  Tennessee 1,142,486 1,394,231 2,057,293 102,049 136,821 177,401 1.12 1.02 1.16
  Texas 6,635,249 8,384,534 11,552,437 403,286 513,882 738,270 1.65 1.63 1.56
  Utah 664,474 1,144,080 1,360,644 33,658 46,290 68,430 1.97 2.47 1.99
  Vermont NA 308,180 465,349 11,771 13,974 18,124 NA 2.21 2.57
  Virginia 2,775,919 3,897,444 5,069,481 153,965 188,963 260,837 1.80 2.06 1.94
  Washington 3,889,660 5,240,679 10,516,331 122,453 151,265 218,095 3.18 3.46 4.82
  West Virginia NA 475,040 457,128 29,331 36,315 40,926 NA 1.31 1.12
  Wisconsin 1,573,365 2,226,046 2,692,876 104,918 133,694 173,016 1.50 1.67 1.56
  Wyoming 41,037 86,767 60,969 13,550 14,920 19,113 0.30 0.58 0.32
Puerto Rico NA NA NA 22,809 28,452 41,366 NA NA NA
GSP gross state product
NA not available

NOTES: The state total for R&D in 1991 is based on the reported value for the nation in National Patterns of R&D Resources 1998, table B-1A. 1995 and 2000 R&D are based on the sum of the 50 states plus the District of Columbia. Total R&D includes R&D performed by Federal agencies, industry, universities, and other nonprofit organizations. The GSP total for each year is the sum of the 50 states and the District of Columbia. Total R&D and GSP are reported in current dollars.

SOURCES: National Science Foundation, Division of Science Resources Statistics, National Patterns of R&D Resources, various years; U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of Economic Analysis, Gross State Product data; and Government of Puerto Rico, Office of the Governor.


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