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Science and Engineering Indicators 2004
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Chapter 8:
Overview
Secondary Education
Higher Education
Workforce
Financial Research and Development Inputs
R&D Outputs
Science and Technology in the Economy

 

 

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State Indicators

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Financial Research and Development Inputs

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Table 8-16.
Academic R&D per $1,000 GSP, by state: 1991, 1996, & 2001
    Academic R&D
(thousands of dollars)
GSP (millions of dollars) Academic R&D/$1,000 GSP
State 1991 1996 2001 1991 1996 2001 1991 1996 2001
All states 16,863,363 22,136,530 32,170,317 5,895,431 7,715,898 10,137,194 2.86 2.87 3.17
  Alabama 252,998 342,021 445,299 75,977 99,286 121,490 3.33 3.44 3.67
  Alaska 67,432 71,381 115,601 22,021 25,774 28,581 3.06 2.77 4.04
  Arizona 284,128 375,881 500,548 71,876 112,882 160,687 3.95 3.33 3.12
  Arkansas 55,081 94,006 140,741 41,277 56,796 67,913 1.33 1.66 2.07
  California 2,146,736 2,817,913 4,422,032 814,743 973,395 1,359,265 2.63 2.89 3.25
  Colorado 260,587 406,203 572,950 79,448 117,118 173,772 3.28 3.47 3.30
  Connecticut 320,935 388,134 498,745 100,395 124,157 166,165 3.20 3.13 3.00
  Delaware 44,696 54,154 79,985 22,169 29,001 40,509 2.02 1.87 1.97
  District of Columbia 118,398 201,445 228,110 42,240 48,505 64,459 2.80 4.15 3.54
  Florida 438,054 638,102 997,048 269,845 366,318 491,488 1.62 1.74 2.03
  Georgia 484,019 712,188 988,883 148,722 219,520 299,874 3.25 3.24 3.30
  Hawaii 78,166 111,202 156,976 34,002 37,490 43,710 2.30 2.97 3.59
  Idaho 41,437 64,930 82,496 18,655 28,101 36,905 2.22 2.31 2.24
  Illinois 697,565 862,321 1,280,807 285,719 375,949 475,541 2.44 2.29 2.69
  Indiana 262,508 389,982 584,418 114,188 155,096 189,919 2.30 2.51 3.08
  Iowa 259,437 332,402 439,810 57,698 76,976 90,942 4.50 4.32 4.84
  Kansas 124,174 181,775 268,800 53,576 68,160 87,196 2.32 2.67 3.08
  Kentucky 97,989 148,376 296,895 70,834 95,536 120,266 1.38 1.55 2.47
  Louisiana 235,726 307,839 432,356 95,918 116,867 148,697 2.46 2.63 2.91
  Maine 27,082 34,684 68,034 23,635 28,925 37,449 1.15 1.20 1.82
  Maryland 626,903 801,338 1,162,523 117,630 145,061 195,007 5.33 5.52 5.96
  Massachusetts 953,708 1,178,562 1,576,517 161,517 210,127 287,802 5.90 5.61 5.48
  Michigan 601,189 807,900 1,107,195 194,230 265,130 320,470 3.10 3.05 3.45
  Minnesota 331,471 341,468 469,208 103,923 141,540 188,050 3.19 2.41 2.50
  Mississippi 100,383 124,675 242,133 41,311 56,575 67,125 2.43 2.20 3.61
  Missouri 305,780 404,875 678,460 110,396 146,537 181,493 2.77 2.76 3.74
  Montana 38,149 71,518 107,744 14,075 18,074 22,635 2.71 3.96 4.76
  Nebraska 125,065 158,398 241,638 35,482 47,772 56,967 3.52 3.32 4.24
  Nevada 66,742 84,970 115,934 33,665 54,564 79,220 1.98 1.56 1.46
  New Hampshire 78,975 98,638 196,975 24,948 35,068 47,183 3.17 2.81 4.17
  New Jersey 352,310 452,917 609,470 224,307 285,738 365,388 1.57 1.59 1.67
  New Mexico 170,139 213,691 274,209 30,862 44,114 55,426 5.51 4.84 4.95
  New York 1,427,840 1,732,340 2,476,090 504,665 633,830 826,488 2.83 2.73 3.00
  North Carolina 501,841 741,679 1,137,279 147,473 204,329 275,615 3.40 3.63 4.13
  North Dakota 48,930 71,849 84,574 11,634 15,855 19,005 4.21 4.53 4.45
  Ohio 503,725 693,786 995,972 235,876 306,333 373,708 2.14 2.26 2.67
  Oklahoma 152,624 201,626 255,217 59,698 74,855 93,855 2.56 2.69 2.72
  Oregon 179,384 276,109 366,023 60,602 91,709 120,055 2.96 3.01 3.05
  Pennsylvania 878,826 1,189,746 1,687,457 260,591 329,660 408,373 3.37 3.61 4.13
  Rhode Island 88,448 107,266 142,564 21,758 26,656 36,939 4.07 4.02 3.86
  South Carolina 151,204 217,881 361,404 68,776 89,854 115,204 2.20 2.42 3.14
  South Dakota 15,959 25,440 32,185 14,093 19,372 24,251 1.13 1.31 1.33
  Tennessee 243,763 317,090 423,264 102,049 142,051 182,515 2.39 2.23 2.32
  Texas 1,220,313 1,527,990 2,244,117 403,286 553,180 763,874 3.03 2.76 2.94
  Utah 201,470 207,923 338,127 33,658 51,523 70,409 5.99 4.04 4.80
  Vermont 46,541 53,659 76,882 11,771 14,662 19,149 3.95 3.66 4.01
  Virginia 343,464 411,825 610,717 153,965 199,953 273,070 2.23 2.06 2.24
  Washington 349,667 505,113 706,579 122,453 161,779 222,950 2.86 3.12 3.17
  West Virginia 50,772 55,206 79,076 29,331 37,220 42,368 1.73 1.48 1.87
  Wisconsin 387,621 485,560 728,618 104,918 141,046 177,354 3.69 3.44 4.11
  Wyoming 23,009 40,553 41,632 13,550 15,879 20,418 1.70 2.55 2.04
Puerto Rico NA NA 63,755 22,809 30,357 NA NA NA NA
GSP gross state product
NA not available

NOTES: The state total for academic R&D for each year is the sum of the 50 states and the District of Columbia. In 2001, academic R&D was reported for all institutions. In 1991 and 1996, it was reported for doctorate-granting institutions only. For Maryland, academic R&D excludes R&D performed by the Applied Physics Laboratory at the Johns Hopkins University. GSP is reported in current dollars.

SOURCES: National Science Foundation, Division of Science Resources Statistics, Academic Research and Development Expenditures, various years; U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of Economic Analysis, Gross State Product Data; Government of Puerto Rico, Office of the Governor.


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