|Quartile groups for R&D
as share of GSP: 2000*
|(5.87% - 2.74%)
||(2.57% - 1.68%)
||(1.64% - 0.79%)
||(0.79% - 0.32%)
|District of Columbia
|*States in alphabetical order, not data order.
SOURCES: National Science Foundation, Division
of Science Resources Statistics, National Patterns of R&D Resources; and
U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of Economic Analysis, Gross State Product
Data; and Government of Puerto Rico, Office of the Governor. See table
- In 2000, R&D accounted for about 2.5 percent of U.S. gross domestic
product, fluctuating in the 2.4–2.7 percent range over the past decade.
- Although the state distribution on this indicator bears some similarity
to that of doctoral-level scientists and engineers in the workforce, it also
reflects the different costs associated with different types of R&D.
- Changes in both R&D projects and GSP growth trends affect this indicator,
especially for small state economies or states with large research facilities.
In fact, some states experienced considerable shifts in R&D intensity
over the decade, as measured by this indicator.
This indicator shows the extent to which research and development play a role
in a state's economy. A high value indicates that the state has a high intensity
of R&D activity that may support future growth in knowledge-based industries.
R&D refers to R&D activities performed by Federal agencies, industry,
universities, and other nonprofit organizations. Data for the value of gross
state product (GSP) and for R&D expenditures are shown in current dollars.