|Quartile groups for federal
R&D obligations per civilian worker: 2000*
|($8,113 - $471)
||($469 - $295)
||($289 - $175)
||($173 - $96)
|District of Columbia
|*States in alphabetical order, not data order.
SOURCES: National Science Foundation, Division of Science
Resources Statistics, Federal Funds for Research and Development; and
U.S. Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics, Local Area Unemployment
Statistics. See table 8-13.
- Federal Government obligations to the states totaled $63.8 billion in 1992,
$66.1 billion in 1996, and $71.0 billion in 2000 for R&D.
- Per civilian worker, this yielded a declining average over the period—$538
at the beginning of the period to $519 in 2000—because the workforce
grew faster than Federal R&D funding.
- The state-by-state picture is marked by many sharp increases and decreases
over the decade, reflecting both changes in jobs and changes in the level
of Federal R&D funds.
- A high score is evident for states in the national capital area. Overall,
the distribution of funds is highly skewed, with only 11 states above the
This indicator shows how Federal research and development funding is disbursed
geographically relative to the size of states' civilian workforces. Federal
R&D funding is largely for development, but it may provide direct and indirect
benefits to a state's economy and may stimulate the conduct of basic research.
A high value for this indicator may indicate the existence of major federally
funded R&D facilities or the presence of large defense contractors in the
Federal R&D dollars are counted where they are obligated; they may be expended
in many locations. Civilian workforce data are Bureau of Labor Statistics estimates
based on the Current Population Survey, with location based on residence. Because
of these differences and the sample-based nature of the population data, estimates
for sparsely populated states and the District of Columbia may be imprecise.