|Quartile groups for federal
R&D obligations per individual in S&E occupation: 1999*
|($77,756 - $21,031)
||($20,053 - $12,947)
||($12,874 - $7,337)
||($7,102 - $3,206)
|District of Columbia
|*States in alphabetical order, not data order.
SOURCES: National Science Foundation, Division of Science
Resources Statistics (NSF/SRS), Federal Funds for Research and Development; and
NSF/SRS, Scientists and Engineers Statistical Data System (SESTAT). See
- The Federal Government obligated about $66.5 billion to the states in 1995,
$68.4 billion in 1997, and $73.6 billion in 1999 for R&D.
- The number of people in S&E occupations grew at about the same
rate as the Federal R&D obligations, yielding a fairly stable amount per
person during this period, about $20,900 in 1999.
- Changes in state-by-state distribution of Federal R&D obligations
resulted in significant changes in per-person funds for several states.
- A high score was evident for states in the national capital area.
The state distribution on this indicator is highly skewed, with only 13 states
above the national average.
This indicator demonstrates how Federal research and development obligations
are distributed geographically based on individuals with a bachelor's or higher
degree who work in science and engineering occupations. These positions include
mathematical, computer, life, physical, and social scientists; engineers; and
post-secondary teachers in any of these S&E fields. Positions such as managers
and elementary and secondary school teachers are excluded.
Federal R&D dollars are counted where they are obligated but may be expended
in many locations. Data on people in S&E occupations are sample based. For
these reasons, estimates for sparsely populated states and the District of Columbia
may be imprecise. A high value for this indicator may indicate the existence
of major federally funded R&D facilities or the presence of large defense
contractors in the state.