bypass top and left hand navigationNational Science Board   HOME     PDF     SEARCH     HELP     COMMENTS  
Science and Engineering Indicators 2004
  Table of Contents     Figures     Tables     Appendix Tables     Presentation Slides  
Chapter 8:
Secondary Education
Higher Education
Financial Research and Development Inputs
R&D Outputs
Science and Technology in the Economy



Data Tools
Tell us what you think about the new state indicators chapter

State Indicators

PDFPrint this chapter (2.34MB)
Financial Research and Development Inputs

Select Indicator:

Quartiles | Findings | Description

Academic R&D per $1,000 of gross state product: 2001 Puerto Rico: $2.92 District of Columbia: $3.54 Maryland: $5.96 Delaware: $1.97 New Hampshire: $4.17 Massachusetts: $5.48 New Jersey: $1.67 Alaska: $4.04 Alabama: $3.67 Arizona: $3.12 Arkansas: $2.07 California: $3.25 Colorado: $3.30 Connecticut: $3.00 Florida: $2.03 Georgia: $3.30 Idaho: $2.24 Illinois: $2.69 Indiana: $3.08 Iowa: $4.84 Kansas: $3.08 Kentucky: $2.47 Louisiana: $2.91 Maine: $1.82 Michigan: $3.45 Minnesota: $2.50 Mississippi: $3.61 Missouri: $3.74 Montana: $4.76 Nebraska: $4.24 Nevada: $1.46 New Mexico: $4.95 New York: $3.00 North Carolina: $4.13 North Dakota: $4.45 Ohio: $2.67 Oklahoma: $2.72 Oregon: $3.05 Pennsylvania: $4.13 Rhode Island: $3.86 South Carolina: $3.14 South Dakota: $1.33 Tennessee: $2.32 Hawaii: $3.59 Texas: $2.94 Utah: $4.80 Vermont: $4.01 Virginia: $2.24 Washington: $3.17 West Virginia: $1.87 Wisconsin: $4.11 Wyoming: $2.04

Quartiles top

Quartile groups for academic R&D per $1,000 GSP: 2001*
1st Quartile 2nd Quartile 3rd Quartile 4th Quartile
($5.96 - $4.04) ($4.01 - $3.14) ($3.12 - $2.47) ($2.32 - $1.33)
Alaska Alabama Arizona Arkansas
Iowa California Connecticut Delaware
Maryland Colorado Illinois Florida
Massachusetts District of Columbia Indiana Idaho
Montana Georgia Kansas Maine
Nebraska Hawaii Kentucky Nevada
New Hampshire Michigan Louisiana New Jersey
New Mexico Mississippi Minnesota South Dakota
North Carolina Missouri New York Tennessee
North Dakota Rhode Island Ohio Virginia
Pennsylvania South Carolina Oklahoma West Virginia
Utah Vermont Oregon Wyoming
Wisconsin Washington Texas  
*States in alphabetical order, not data order.

SOURCES: National Science Foundation, Division of Science Resources Statistics, Academic Research and Development Expenditures; and U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of Economic Analysis, Gross State Product Data. See table 8-16.

Findings top

  • The states' academic R&D expenditures grew from $16.9 billion in 1991 to $32.2 billion in 2001.

  • In 2001, academic-performed R&D accounted for 12.1 percent of R&D performed in the states.

  • Although the average value of this indicator rose approximately 11 percent during the past decade, some states showed sizable increases or decreases during this period.

Description top

This indicator measures the extent of spending on academic research performed in a state relative to the size of that state's economy. Academic research and development is more basic and less product oriented than R&D performed by industry. It can be a valuable precursor to future economic development. High values on this indicator may reflect an academic R&D system that can compete for funding from Federal, state, and industrial sources. In this indicator, Maryland data exclude expenditures by the Applied Physics Laboratory at the Johns Hopkins University.

  Top Of Page