|Quartile groups for academic
R&D per $1,000 GSP: 2001*
|($5.96 - $4.04)
||($4.01 - $3.14)
||($3.12 - $2.47)
||($2.32 - $1.33)
||District of Columbia
|*States in alphabetical order, not data order.
SOURCES: National Science Foundation, Division
of Science Resources Statistics, Academic Research and Development
Expenditures; and U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of Economic
Analysis, Gross State Product Data. See table
- The states' academic R&D expenditures grew from $16.9 billion in 1991
to $32.2 billion in 2001.
- In 2001, academic-performed R&D accounted for 12.1 percent of R&D
performed in the states.
- Although the average value of this indicator rose approximately 11 percent
during the past decade, some states showed sizable increases or decreases
during this period.
This indicator measures the extent of spending on academic research
performed in a state relative to the size of that state's economy. Academic
research and development is more basic and less product oriented than R&D
performed by industry. It can be a valuable precursor to future economic development.
High values on this indicator may reflect an academic R&D system that can
compete for funding from Federal, state, and industrial sources. In this indicator,
Maryland data exclude expenditures by the Applied Physics Laboratory at the
Johns Hopkins University.