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Science and Engineering Indicators 2004
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Chapter 8:
Overview
Secondary Education
Higher Education
Workforce
Financial Research and Development Inputs
R&D Outputs
Science and Technology in the Economy

 

 

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State Indicators

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Research and Development Outputs

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Table 8-17.
S&E doctorates conferred per 1,000 S&E doctorate holders, by state: 1993, 1997, & 2001
    S&E doctorates conferred U.S. S&E doctorate holders S&E doctorates conferred
per 1,000 U.S. S&E
doctorate holders
State 1993 1997 2001 1993 1997 2001 1993 1997 2001
All states 26,614 28,579 27,025 461,210 516,580 572,820 57.7 55.3 47.2
  Alabama 276 369 320 5,020 6,610 5,330 55.0 55.8 60.0
  Alaska 10 20 26 1,050 1,110 1,200 9.5 18.0 21.7
  Arizona 428 497 419 5,040 6,280 7,070 84.9 79.1 59.3
  Arkansas 61 70 69 1,770 2,320 2,560 34.5 30.2 27.0
  California 3,600 3,604 3,550 60,490 70,490 80,870 59.5 51.1 43.9
  Colorado 527 597 519 8,890 10,740 11,780 59.3 55.6 44.1
  Connecticut 411 409 387 7,510 8,770 9,490 54.7 46.6 40.8
  Delaware 123 131 128 3,500 3,710 3,540 35.1 35.3 36.2
  District of Columbia 342 331 302 13,510 11,800 14,200 25.3 28.1 21.3
  Florida 642 862 848 11,770 13,330 15,740 54.5 64.7 53.9
  Georgia 488 583 644 8,130 9,880 11,990 60.0 59.0 53.7
  Hawaii 133 134 111 2,360 2,550 2,580 56.4 52.5 43.0
  Idaho 48 60 54 1,860 2,030 2,230 25.8 29.6 24.2
  Illinois 1,451 1,447 1,388 19,160 21,260 22,110 75.7 68.1 62.8
  Indiana 722 727 699 7,610 7,570 9,580 94.9 96.0 73.0
  Iowa 457 437 405 3,790 4,120 4,390 120.6 106.1 92.3
  Kansas 246 297 286 3,290 3,770 3,970 74.8 78.8 72.0
  Kentucky 173 225 183 3,570 4,110 4,590 48.5 54.7 39.9
  Louisiana 270 362 368 5,230 5,360 5,290 51.6 67.5 69.6
  Maine 30 41 31 1,830 2,150 1,990 16.4 19.1 15.6
  Maryland 715 786 774 18,390 21,020 22,730 38.9 37.4 34.1
  Massachusetts 1,545 1,575 1,547 21,360 23,330 29,100 72.3 67.5 53.2
  Michigan 990 1,035 960 13,020 15,060 17,380 76.0 68.7 55.2
  Minnesota 487 531 508 8,030 9,810 11,410 60.6 54.1 44.5
  Mississippi 128 158 142 2,750 3,000 3,170 46.5 52.7 44.8
  Missouri 389 497 465 7,970 9,490 9,280 48.8 52.4 50.1
  Montana 46 59 42 1,460 1,690 1,440 31.5 34.9 29.2
  Nebraska 135 193 171 2,380 3,010 2,890 56.7 64.1 59.2
  Nevada 24 49 54 1,380 1,620 2,030 17.4 30.2 26.6
  New Hampshire 99 95 79 1,990 2,230 2,470 49.7 42.6 32.0
  New Jersey 555 630 636 19,320 20,440 22,740 28.7 30.8 28.0
  New Mexico 178 165 153 6,320 7,480 7,750 28.2 22.1 19.7
  New York 2,604 2,434 2,224 39,110 40,080 43,990 66.6 60.7 50.6
  North Carolina 706 777 771 12,220 13,730 16,760 57.8 56.6 46.0
  North Dakota 54 52 43 1,200 1,350 1,080 45.0 38.5 39.8
  Ohio 1,043 1,295 1,139 16,700 18,700 20,070 62.5 69.3 56.8
  Oklahoma 220 244 241 4,410 4,580 4,360 49.9 53.3 55.3
  Oregon 322 317 274 5,600 6,210 7,040 57.5 51.0 38.9
  Pennsylvania 1,365 1,448 1,354 21,990 23,940 26,140 62.1 60.5 51.8
  Rhode Island 217 165 168 2,060 2,450 2,640 105.3 67.3 63.6
  South Carolina 240 251 249 4,310 4,780 5,130 55.7 52.5 48.5
  South Dakota 20 37 34 930 1,060 1,000 21.5 34.9 34.0
  Tennessee 350 423 404 7,660 8,520 8,990 45.7 49.6 44.9
  Texas 1,599 1,749 1,720 25,880 28,570 32,490 61.8 61.2 52.9
  Utah 283 296 259 3,720 4,800 4,820 76.1 61.7 53.7
  Vermont 47 35 52 1,500 1,760 1,750 31.3 19.9 29.7
  Virginia 681 710 667 13,710 15,250 17,460 49.7 46.6 38.2
  Washington 444 514 497 10,570 13,360 14,760 42.0 38.5 33.7
  West Virginia 67 82 68 1,760 1,980 1,890 38.1 41.4 36.0
  Wisconsin 585 708 555 7,410 8,460 8,720 78.9 83.7 63.6
  Wyoming 38 66 38 720 860 840 52.8 76.7 45.2
Puerto Rico 26 84 97 NA NA NA NA NA NA
NA not available

NOTES: The state total for each year is the sum of the 50 states and the District of Columbia. The Survey of Doctorate Recipients sample design does not include geography. Data on U.S. S&E doctorate holders are classified by employment location and workforce data based on respondents´┐Ż residence. Thus, the reliability of data for areas with smaller populations is lower than for more populous states. The reliability of estimates for the 1993 U.S. S&E doctorate holders for Alaska, North Dakota, South Dakota, and Wyoming may be poor because of small sample size. The reliability of estimates for the 1997 U.S. S&E doctorate holders for Alaska, Montana, Nevada, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming may be poor because of small sample size. The reliability of estimates for the 2001 holders of a U.S. S&E doctorate for Alaska, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming may be poor because of small sample size.

SOURCES: National Science Foundation, Division of Science Resources Statistics (NSF/SRS), Survey of Earned Doctorates; and NSF/SRS, Survey of Doctorate Recipients.


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