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Science and Engineering Indicators 2004
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Chapter 8:
Overview
Secondary Education
Higher Education
Workforce
Financial Research and Development Inputs
R&D Outputs
Science and Technology in the Economy

 

 

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State Indicators

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Research and Development Outputs

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Table 8-19.
Academic article output per $1 million of academic R&D, by state: 1993, 1997, & 2001
    Academic article output Academic R&D (millions of dollars) Academic article output per
$1 million academic R&D
State 1993 1997 2001 1993 1997 2001 1993 1997 2001
All states 142,023 144,404 147,561 19,568 23,852 32,652 7.26 6.05 4.52
  Alabama 1,787 1,911 1,896 281 369 445 6.35 5.18 4.26
  Alaska 169 163 186 67 71 116 2.52 2.30 1.61
  Arizona 2,249 2,256 2,199 311 377 501 7.24 5.99 4.39
  Arkansas 562 603 608 75 103 141 7.51 5.85 4.32
  California 18,010 17,530 18,148 2,381 3,049 4,422 7.56 5.75 4.10
  Colorado 2,355 2,523 2,630 331 427 573 7.11 5.90 4.59
  Connecticut 2,723 2,820 2,767 365 393 499 7.47 7.18 5.55
  Delaware 530 499 560 53 65 80 10.07 7.66 7.00
  District of Columbia 1,187 1,224 1,213 145 214 228 8.17 5.72 5.32
  Florida 4,146 4,187 4,256 489 702 997 8.49 5.96 4.27
  Georgia 2,880 3,255 3,578 547 766 989 5.27 4.25 3.62
  Hawaii 585 574 538 74 120 157 7.91 4.78 3.43
  Idaho 297 295 309 49 63 82 6.10 4.68 3.74
  Illinois 7,100 6,894 7,012 758 927 1,281 9.37 7.44 5.47
  Indiana 3,077 3,104 3,096 303 400 584 10.16 7.75 5.30
  Iowa 2,292 2,272 2,226 299 342 440 7.67 6.65 5.06
  Kansas 1,244 1,199 1,251 154 198 269 8.07 6.07 4.65
  Kentucky 1,310 1,381 1,355 122 158 297 10.70 8.72 4.56
  Louisiana 1,787 1,895 1,828 255 332 432 7.00 5.70 4.23
  Maine 245 247 234 25 33 68 9.85 7.45 3.44
  Maryland 4,237 4,319 4,851 1,148 1,272 1,644 3.69 3.40 2.95
  Massachusetts 8,630 9,238 9,680 1,108 1,273 1,577 7.79 7.26 6.14
  Michigan 4,892 4,880 5,078 700 842 1,107 6.99 5.79 4.59
  Minnesota 2,493 2,435 2,389 332 363 469 7.50 6.70 5.09
  Mississippi 507 628 692 106 125 242 4.79 5.04 2.86
  Missouri 2,946 3,163 3,230 345 459 678 8.55 6.89 4.76
  Montana 265 272 328 48 71 108 5.51 3.86 3.05
  Nebraska 1,067 1,030 1,011 137 177 242 7.78 5.81 4.18
  Nevada 375 370 447 79 88 116 4.74 4.19 3.86
  New Hampshire 613 651 678 99 108 197 6.17 6.06 3.44
  New Jersey 2,820 3,094 3,049 374 462 609 7.54 6.70 5.00
  New Mexico 734 808 780 187 219 274 3.93 3.69 2.84
  New York 12,783 12,384 12,434 1,554 1,780 2,476 8.23 6.96 5.02
  North Carolina 4,678 4,958 5,140 617 802 1,137 7.59 6.18 4.52
  North Dakota 281 269 271 54 56 85 5.18 4.80 3.20
  Ohio 5,212 5,169 5,080 593 764 996 8.79 6.77 5.10
  Oklahoma 892 919 925 173 187 255 5.15 4.92 3.63
  Oregon 1,574 1,613 1,539 226 291 366 6.97 5.55 4.20
  Pennsylvania 7,784 8,194 8,362 1,019 1,241 1,687 7.64 6.60 4.96
  Rhode Island 872 852 862 103 112 143 8.45 7.61 6.04
  South Carolina 1,137 1,201 1,343 178 219 361 6.38 5.48 3.72
  South Dakota 140 140 131 22 25 32 6.31 5.68 4.08
  Tennessee 2,084 2,255 2,286 278 330 423 7.50 6.84 5.40
  Texas 8,671 8,755 9,038 1,398 1,607 2,244 6.20 5.45 4.03
  Utah 1,508 1,569 1,570 195 239 338 7.74 6.57 4.64
  Vermont 393 380 412 50 60 77 7.88 6.38 5.36
  Virginia 3,043 3,013 3,104 404 456 611 7.53 6.61 5.08
  Washington 2,989 3,206 3,339 428 508 707 6.99 6.31 4.73
  West Virginia 395 417 388 55 64 79 7.19 6.56 4.91
  Wisconsin 3,258 3,189 3,044 444 497 729 7.33 6.41 4.18
  Wyoming 218 200 190 33 48 42 6.70 4.20 4.56
Puerto Rico 168 168 186 NA NA 64 NA NA 2.92
NA not available

NOTES: The state total for each year is the sum of the 50 states and the District of Columbia. In 2001, academic R&D was reported for all institutions. In 1993 and 1997, academic R&D was reported for doctorate-granting institutions only.

SOURCES: Institute for Scientific Information, Science Citation Index and Social Sciences Citation Index; CHI Research, Inc.; and National Science Foundation, Division of Science Resources Statistics, Academic Research and Development Expenditures, various years.


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