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Science and Engineering Indicators 2004
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Chapter 8:
Overview
Secondary Education
Higher Education
Workforce
Financial Research and Development Inputs
R&D Outputs
Science and Technology in the Economy

 

 

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State Indicators

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Research and Development Outputs

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Table 8-21.
Patents awarded per 1,000 individuals in S&E occupations, by state: 1995, 1997, & 1999
  Patents awarded Individuals in S&E occupations Patents per 1,000 individuals
in S&E occupations
State 1995 1997 1999 1995 1997 1999 1995 1997 1999
All states 64,480 69,898 94,046 3,178,000 3,357,000 3,525,100 20.3 20.8 26.7
  Alabama 359 345 473 40,800 44,300 43,300 8.8 7.8 10.9
  Alaska 49 60 66 6,600 6,300 7,700 7.4 9.5 8.6
  Arizona 1,120 1,162 1,623 47,400 54,000 55,700 23.6 21.5 29.1
  Arkansas 143 152 226 14,100 15,300 16,900 10.1 9.9 13.4
  California 10,824 12,915 18,860 463,900 478,000 492,000 23.3 27.0 38.3
  Colorado 1,207 1,345 1,987 82,700 88,500 96,900 14.6 15.2 20.5
  Connecticut 1,768 1,644 2,026 56,900 53,300 57,500 31.1 30.8 35.2
  Delaware 442 370 444 14,300 15,700 16,300 30.9 23.6 27.2
  District of Columbia 63 59 63 53,200 51,300 53,900 1.2 1.2 1.2
  Florida 2,465 2,552 3,040 105,500 116,600 123,000 23.4 21.9 24.7
  Georgia 1,047 1,112 1,544 69,800 75,600 85,900 15.0 14.7 18.0
  Hawaii 84 93 97 13,100 11,500 11,700 6.4 8.1 8.3
  Idaho 329 597 1,263 13,200 13,900 15,500 24.9 42.9 81.5
  Illinois 3,479 3,539 4,308 138,300 148,600 155,200 25.2 23.8 27.8
  Indiana 1,281 1,331 1,707 51,300 54,000 56,000 25.0 24.6 30.5
  Iowa 486 450 817 22,100 24,500 23,900 22.0 18.4 34.2
  Kansas 319 322 495 29,500 34,300 31,400 10.8 9.4 15.8
  Kentucky 341 350 509 22,700 23,100 26,100 15.0 15.2 19.5
  Louisiana 413 408 519 35,900 36,200 35,500 11.5 11.3 14.6
  Maine 137 109 145 7,900 11,600 11,200 17.3 9.4 12.9
  Maryland 1,100 1,264 1,642 93,300 93,900 104,100 11.8 13.5 15.8
  Massachusetts 2,427 2,831 3,819 130,900 136,600 148,800 18.5 20.7 25.7
  Michigan 3,046 3,075 4,030 116,700 122,900 131,800 26.1 25.0 30.6
  Minnesota 1,943 2,059 2,902 69,400 76,800 81,600 28.0 26.8 35.6
  Mississippi 138 182 225 15,700 14,100 16,100 8.8 12.9 14.0
  Missouri 819 870 1,087 53,100 59,700 61,000 15.4 14.6 17.8
  Montana 141 105 142 8,100 10,200 8,600 17.4 10.3 16.5
  Nebraska 150 185 229 15,300 15,200 19,900 9.8 12.2 11.5
  Nevada 216 226 356 11,600 10,100 10,800 18.6 22.4 33.0
  New Hampshire 460 503 692 14,000 17,000 19,100 32.9 29.6 36.2
  New Jersey 3,065 3,461 4,371 118,900 118,500 121,200 25.8 29.2 36.1
  New Mexico 280 281 357 25,100 25,900 28,600 11.2 10.8 12.5
  New York 5,266 5,421 6,903 197,400 206,900 216,000 26.7 26.2 32.0
  North Carolina 1,255 1,501 1,956 75,000 84,500 93,800 16.7 17.8 20.9
  North Dakota 63 50 76 4,500 4,300 4,700 14.0 11.6 16.2
  Ohio 2,986 3,295 4,003 119,900 138,600 132,900 24.9 23.8 30.1
  Oklahoma 545 453 545 25,500 28,600 28,100 21.4 15.8 19.4
  Oregon 870 1,103 1,386 37,800 39,800 43,400 23.0 27.7 31.9
  Pennsylvania 2,926 2,934 4,077 137,700 141,800 143,300 21.2 20.7 28.5
  Rhode Island 263 303 341 15,600 13,500 14,200 16.9 22.4 24.0
  South Carolina 521 499 654 31,800 34,200 37,500 16.4 14.6 17.4
  South Dakota 44 53 78 5,400 5,400 7,000 8.1 9.8 11.1
  Tennessee 708 745 1,018 50,400 47,100 44,400 14.0 15.8 22.9
  Texas 4,314 4,449 6,425 229,600 232,300 254,800 18.8 19.2 25.2
  Utah 554 666 748 26,100 24,400 25,200 21.2 27.3 29.7
  Vermont 171 290 363 8,800 10,200 12,500 19.4 28.4 29.0
  Virginia 944 917 1,151 104,500 116,200 124,100 9.0 7.9 9.3
  Washington 1,257 1,510 2,038 75,800 97,900 101,500 16.6 15.4 20.1
  West Virginia 151 165 166 12,000 14,100 16,500 12.6 11.7 10.1
  Wisconsin 1,426 1,527 1,996 52,500 54,000 53,200 27.2 28.3 37.5
  Wyoming 75 60 58 6,400 5,700 4,800 11.7 10.5 12.1
Puerto Rico 24 14 33 NA NA NA NA NA NA
NA not available

NOTES: The state total for each year is the sum of the 50 states and the District of Columbia. Patents issued include utility patents and other types of U.S. documents (i.e., design patents, plant patents, reissues, defensive publications, and statutory invention registrations). The origin of a patent is determined by the residence of the first-named inventor. Individuals in S&E occupations include those who are employed in S&E at the time of survey and are included in one of the following two groups: (1) have ever received a bachelor�s or higher degree in an S&E field or (2) have a non-S&E bachelor�s or higher degree and were in an S&E occupation at the time of the 1993 Scientists and Engineers Statistical Data System (SESTAT) surveys. S&E occupations include mathematical, computer, life, physical, and social scientists; engineers; and postsecondary teachers in any S&E degree field. Because SESTAT survey sample designs do not include geography, the reliability of estimates in some states may be poor because of small sample size.

SOURCES: U.S. Patent and Trademark Office, Information Products Division/Technology Assessment and Forecast Branch, Patent Counts by Country/State and Year, All Patents, All Types, January 1, 1977–December 31, 2001, 2002; and National Science Foundation, Division of Science Resources Statistics, SESTAT.


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