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Science and Engineering Indicators 2004
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Chapter 8:
Secondary Education
Higher Education
Financial Research and Development Inputs
R&D Outputs
Science and Technology in the Economy



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State Indicators

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Research and Development Outputs

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Quartiles | Findings | Description

S&E doctorates conferred per 1,000 S&E doctorate holders: 2001 Puerto Rico: NA District of Columbia: 21.3 Maryland: 34.1 Delaware: 36.2 New Hampshire: 32.0 Massachusetts: 53.2 New Jersey: 28.0 Alaska: 21.7 Alabama: 60.0 Arizona: 59.3 Arkansas: 27.0 California: 43.9 Colorado: 44.1 Connecticut: 40.8 Florida: 53.9 Georgia: 53.7 Idaho: 24.2 Illinois: 62.8 Indiana: 73.0 Iowa: 92.3 Kansas: 72.0 Kentucky: 39.3 Louisiana: 69.6 Maine: 15.6 Michigan: 55.2 Minnesota: 44.5 Mississippi: 44.8 Missouri: 50.1 Montana: 29.2 Nebraska: 59.2 Nevada: 26.6 New Mexico: 19.7 New York: 50.6 North Carolina: 46.0 North Dakota: 39.8 Ohio: 56.8 Oklahoma: 55.3 Oregon: 38.9 Pennsylvania: 51.8 Rhode Island: 63.6 South Carolina: 48.5 South Dakota: 34.0 Tennessee: 44.9 Hawaii: 43.0 Texas: 52.9 Utah: 53.7 Vermont: 29.7 Virginia: 38.2 Washington: 33.7 West Virginia: 36.0 Wisconsin: 63.6 Wyoming: 45.2

Quartiles top

Quartile groups for S&E doctorates conferred per 1,000 S&E doctorate holders: 2001*
1st Quartile 2nd Quartile 3rd Quartile 4th Quartile
(92.3 - 55.2) (53.9 - 44.8) (44.5 - 34.0) (33.7 - 15.6)
Alabama Florida California Alaska
Arizona Georgia Colorado Arkansas
Illinois Massachusetts Connecticut District of Columbia
Indiana Mississippi Delaware Idaho
Iowa Missouri Hawaii Maine
Kansas New York Kentucky Montana
Louisiana North Carolina Maryland Nevada
Michigan Pennsylvania Minnesota New Hampshire
Nebraska South Carolina North Dakota New Jersey
Ohio Tennessee Oregon New Mexico
Oklahoma Texas South Dakota Vermont
Rhode Island Utah Virginia Washington
Wisconsin Wyoming West Virginia  
*States in alphabetical order, not data order.

SOURCES: National Science Foundation, Division of Science Resources Statistics (NSF/SRS), Survey of Earned Doctorates; and NSF/SRS, Survey of Doctorate Recipients. See table 8-17.

Findings top

  • In 2001, 27,000 S&E doctoral degrees were awarded by U.S. academic institutions, which was essentially the same as in 1993.

  • The state average of this indicator decreased between 1993 and 2001, reflecting an increase in the stock of S&E doctorate holders in the United States.

  • This indicator is volatile for many states, which may reflect the migration patterns of existing S&E doctorate holders.

Description top

This indicator is a measure of the rate at which the states are training new science and engineering doctorate recipients for entry into the workforce. High values indicate relatively large production of new doctorate holders compared with the existing stock. Some states with relatively low values may need to attract S&E doctorate holders from elsewhere to meet the needs of local employers.

U.S. S&E doctorate holders include those in physical, earth, atmospheric, ocean, life, computer, and social sciences; mathematics; engineering; and psychology. Medical doctorates are excluded.


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