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Science and Engineering Indicators 2004
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Chapter 8:
Secondary Education
Higher Education
Financial Research and Development Inputs
R&D Outputs
Science and Technology in the Economy



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State Indicators

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Science and Technology Outputs

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Quartiles | Findings | Description

High-technology share of all business establishments: 2000 Puerto Rico: NA District of Columbia: 10.53% Maryland: 7.81% Delaware: 6.00% New Hampshire: 7.68% Massachusetts: 8.28% New Jersey: 8.60% Alaska: 4.23% Alabama: 4.22% Arizona: 6.53% Arkansas: 3.43% California: 7.60% Colorado: 8.26% Connecticut: 6.88% Florida: 6.04% Georgia: 6.54% Idaho: 4.36% Illinois: 6.97% Indiana: 4.82% Iowa: 3.31% Kansas: 4.82% Kentucky: 3.88% Louisiana: 4.18% Maine: 4.33% Michigan: 5.59% Minnesota: 7.20% Mississippi: 3.12% Missouri: 4.61% Montana: 4.15% Nebraska: 3.94% Nevada: 6.71% New Mexico: 5.21% New York: 5.59% North Carolina: 5.34% North Dakota: 3.01% Ohio: 5.38% Oklahoma: 4.48% Oregon: 5.66% Pennsylvania: 5.46% Rhode Island: 5.31% South Carolina: 4.24% South Dakota: 3.04% Tennessee: 4.25% Hawaii: 4.21% Texas: 6.03% Utah: 6.77% Vermont: 5.14% Virginia: 7.98% Washington: 6.20% West Virginia: 2.98% Wisconsin: 4.74% Wyoming: 4.09%

Quartiles top

Quartile groups for high-technology share of all business establishments: 2000*
1st Quartile 2nd Quartile 3rd Quartile 4th Quartile
(10.53% - 6.71%) (6.54% - 5.31%) (5.21% - 4.22%) (4.21% - 2.98%)
California Arizona Alabama Arkansas
Colorado Delaware Alaska Hawaii
Connecticut Florida Idaho Iowa
District of Columbia Georgia Indiana Kentucky
Illinois Michigan Kansas Louisiana
Maryland New York Maine Mississippi
Massachusetts North Carolina Missouri Montana
Minnesota Ohio New Mexico Nebraska
Nevada Oregon Oklahoma North Dakota
New Hampshire Pennsylvania South Carolina South Dakota
New Jersey Rhode Island Tennessee West Virginia
Utah Texas Vermont Wyoming
Virginia Washington Wisconsin  
*States in alphabetical order, not data order.

SOURCES: U.S. Bureau of the Census, Standard Statistical Establishment List, special tabulations; and U.S. Bureau of the Census, County Business Patterns. See table 8-22.

Findings top

  • The number of high-technology establishments rose from 402,000 in 1998 to 428,000 in 2000.

  • The percentage of establishments classified as high technology grew from 5.8 to 6.1 percent of total business establishments in the period 1998–2000.

  • The state distribution of this indicator is similar to that of three other indicators: bachelor's degree holders, S&E doctoral degree holders in the workforce, and workforce in S&E occupations.

Description top

This indicator measures the portion of business establishments that are classified as high-technology industries. High-technology industries are identified as those having at least twice the employment proportion of the all-industries average, both in research and development and in all technology occupations.

State economies with a high percentage of their business establishments in high-technology industries are likely to be well positioned to take advantage of new technological advances. Because of a recent change in the industrial classification system, this indicator covers only 1998–2000.


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