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Science and Engineering Indicators 2004
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Chapter 8:
Secondary Education
Higher Education
Financial Research and Development Inputs
R&D Outputs
Science and Technology in the Economy



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State Indicators

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Science and Technology Outputs

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Quartiles | Findings | Description

Employment in high-technology establishment as share of total: 2000 Puerto Rico: NA District of Columbia: 8.70% Maryland: 9.89% Delaware: 7.74% New Hampshire: 9.79% Massachusetts: 12.60% New Jersey: 9.10% Alaska: 3.79% Alabama: 7.21% Arizona: 8.68% Arkansas: 6.52% California: 10.85% Colorado: 9.95% Connecticut: 10.79% Florida: 5.45% Georgia: 7.35% Idaho: 9.62% Illinois: 8.93% Indiana: 11.42% Iowa: 7.98% Kansas: 10.32% Kentucky: 8.34% Louisiana: 5.61% Maine: 5.35% Michigan: 12.62% Minnesota: 8.79% Mississippi: 5.88% Missouri: 7.44% Montana: 4.14% Nebraska: 7.89% Nevada: 3.52% New Mexico: 7.85% New York: 6.98% North Carolina: 7.92% North Dakota: 6.24% Ohio: 9.68% Oklahoma: 7.12% Oregon: 7.99% Pennsylvania: 7.76% Rhode Island: 5.98% South Carolina: 8.56% South Dakota: 7.61% Tennessee: 8.19% Hawaii: 2.38% Texas: 8.76% Utah: 9.76% Vermont: 8.98% Virginia: 12.00% Washington: 11.39% West Virginia: 5.54% Wisconsin: 9.11% Wyoming: 3.94%

Quartiles top

Quartile groups for employment in high-technology establishments as share of total employment: 2000*
1st Quartile 2nd Quartile 3rd Quartile 4th Quartile
(12.62% - 9.68%) (9.62% - 7.99%) (7.98% - 6.52%) (6.24% - 2.38%)
California Arizona Alabama Alaska
Colorado District of Columbia Arkansas Florida
Connecticut Idaho Delaware Hawaii
Indiana Illinois Georgia Louisiana
Kansas Kentucky Iowa Maine
Maryland Minnesota Missouri Mississippi
Massachusetts New Jersey Nebraska Montana
Michigan Oregon New Mexico Nevada
New Hampshire South Carolina New York North Dakota
Ohio Tennessee North Carolina Rhode Island
Utah Texas Oklahoma West Virginia
Virginia Vermont Pennsylvania Wyoming
Washington Wisconsin South Dakota  
*States in alphabetical order, not data order.

SOURCES: U.S. Bureau of the Census, Standard Statistical Establishment List, special tabulations; and U.S. Bureau of the Census, County Business Patterns. See table 8-23.

Findings top

  • High-technology employment grew from 9.6 to 10.1 million workers over the 1998–2000 period, but total employment grew marginally faster.

  • High-technology employment for the period ranged from about 8.8 to 8.9 percent of the total workforce.

  • Not surprisingly, states were distributed similarly on the high-technology employment and high-technology establishment indicators.

  • On the high-technology employment indicator, states varied greatly in 2000, ranging from 2.4 to 12.6 percent.

Description top

This indicator measures the extent to which the workforce in a state is employed in high-technology industries. High-technology industries are identified as those with at least twice the share of employment of the all-industries average, in both research and development in all technology occupations.

State economies with a high value for this indicator are probably well positioned to take advantage of new technological advances because they have a relatively larger pool of experienced high-technology workers. Because of a recent shift in the industrial classification system, this indicator covers only 1998–2000.


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