Table 1-5
Average mathematics performance of 4th graders, 8th graders, and 15-year-olds for all participating OECD and/or G-8 countries, relative to U.S. average: 2003
 
Country TIMSS   PISA
4th grade 8th grade   15-year-olds
Australia
Austria
na
na
Belgium
Canada
na
na
Czech Republic
na
na
Denmark
na
na
Englanda
na
na
Finland
na
na
France
na
na
Germany
na
na
Greece
na
na
Hungary
Iceland
na
na
Italy
Ireland
na
na
Japan
Luxembourg
na
na
Mexico
na
na
Netherlands
New Zealand
Norway
Poland
na
na
Portugal
na
na
Russian Federation
Scotlanda
na
Slovak Republic
na
South Korea
na
Spain
na
na
Sweden
na
Switzerland
na
na
Turkey
na
na
 

▲ = score is higher than U.S. score; • = score is equivalent to U.S. score; ▼ = score is lower than the U.S. score; na = nonparticipation in assessment

OECD = Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development; PISA = Programme for International Student Assessment; TIMSS = Trends in International Mathematics and Science Survey

aParticipated separately in TIMSS 2003 at both grade levels but jointly as United Kingdom (including Northern Ireland) in PISA 2003. However, England did not meet response rate standards for grade 8 in TIMSS 2003 or for United Kingdom in PISA 2003.

SOURCES: E. Scott, Comparing NAEP, TIMSS, and PISA in Mathematics and Science, U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, figure 2 (2004); data from OECD, PISA 2003; and International Association for the Evaluation of Educational Achievement, TIMSS 2003. See appendix tables 1-9, 1-10, and 1-13.

 
Science and Engineering Indicators 2006