Table 4-13
R&D share of gross domestic product, by country/economy: selected years, 1998 and 2000-03
 
Country/economy Share (%) Country/economy Share (%)
Total OECD (2002) 2.26 New Zealand (2001) 1.16
European Union-25 (2002) 1.86 Ireland (2001) 1.13
Israel (2003) 4.90 Italy (2001) 1.11
Sweden (2001) 4.27 Brazil (2000) 1.04
Finland (2002) 3.46 Spain (2002) 1.03
Japan (2002) 3.12 Hungary (2003) 0.95
Iceland (2002) 3.09 Portugal (2002) 0.94
United States (2003) 2.67 Turkey (2002) 0.66
South Korea (2003) 2.64 Greece (2001) 0.65
Switzerland (2000) 2.57 Cuba (2002) 0.62
Denmark (2002) 2.52 Poland (2002) 0.59
Germany (2003) 2.50 Slovak Republic (2003) 0.59
Belgium (2003) 2.33 Chile (2001) 0.57
Taiwan (2002) 2.30 Argentina (2003) 0.41
France (2002) 2.26 Panama (2001) 0.40
Austria (2003) 2.19 Costa Rica (2000) 0.39
Singapore (2002) 2.15 Mexico (2001) 0.39
Netherlands (2001) 1.88 Romania (2002) 0.38
Canada (2003) 1.87 Bolivia (2002) 0.26
United Kingdom (2002) 1.87 Uruguay (2002) 0.22
Luxembourg (2000) 1.71 Peru (2003) 0.11
Norway (2002) 1.67 Colombia (2002) 0.10
Australia (2000) 1.54 Trinidad and Tobago (2001) 0.10
Slovenia (2002) 1.53 Ecuador (1998) 0.09
Czech Republic (2003) 1.34 El Salvador (1998) 0.09
Russian Federation (2003) 1.28 Nicaragua (2002) 0.07
China (2002) 1.22    
 

OECD = Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development

NOTES: Civilian R&D only for Israel and Taiwan. Data for latest available year in parentheses.

SOURCES: National Science Foundation, Division of Science Resources Statistics, National Patterns of R&D Resources (annual series); OECD, Main Science and Technology Indicators (2004); and Iberoamerican Network of Science and Technology Indicators, http://www.ricyt.edu.ar, accessed 1 May 2005.

 
Science and Engineering Indicators 2006