Table 5-16
Share of world S&E article output, by major publishing region or country/economy: 1988, 1996, and 2003
(Percent distribution)
Region or country/economy 1988 1996 2003
Worldwide 100.0 100.0 100.0
EU-15 28.8 32.6 31.5
United States 38.1 34.0 30.3
Japan 7.4 8.5 8.6
East Asia-4 1.5 3.7 7.9
Other OECD 10.9 11.1 11.2
All other countries 13.2 10.2 10.5

EU = European Union; OECD = Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development

NOTES: Region/country/economy ranked by share in 2003. Shares based on articles credited to institutional address of region/country/economy. Articles on fractional-count basis, i.e., for articles with collaborating institutions from multiple countries/economies, each country/economy receives fractional credit on basis of proportion of its participating institutions. East Asia-4 consists of China, Singapore, South Korea, and Taiwan. China includes Hong Kong. Other OECD excludes United States, Japan, and South Korea.

SOURCES: Thomson ISI, Science Citation Index and Social Sciences Citation Index,; ipIQ, Inc.; and National Science Foundation, Division of Science Resources Statistics, special tabulations.

Science and Engineering Indicators 2006