Table 5-22
Coauthorship share of nonacademic sectors: 1988 and 2003
(Percent)
 
  Total   U.S. sector Non-U.S.
Sector and year articles   Academic Nonacademic Institutions
FFRDCs          
1988 7,171   39.2 14.6 16.3
2003 10,975   51.9 21.6 37.0
Federal government
1988 22,044   48.2 16.2 9.9
2003 27,020   57.3 27.5 24.4
State/local government
1988 3,670   60.4 30.3 5.4
2003 4,112   68.1 50.5 12.7
Private for profit
1988 20,221   31.1 15.2 8.2
2003 25,584   47.3 27.4 24.1
Private nonprofit
1988 19,473   54.0 15.5 9.1
2003 29,957   59.0 24.5 22.3
 

FFRDC = federally funded research and development center

NOTE: Articles on whole-count basis, i.e., for articles with collaborating institutions from more than one U.S. sector and/or non-U.S. sector, each sector with at least one participating institution is credited one count.

SOURCES: Thomson ISI, Science Citation Index and Social Sciences Citation Index, http://www.isinet.com/products/citation/; ipIQ, Inc.; and National Science Foundation, Division of Science Resources Statistics, special tabulations. See appendix tables 5-57, 5-58, 5-59, and 5-60.

 
Science and Engineering Indicators 2006