Table 6-7
Top 25 biotechnology patenting organizations: 1977–2003
 
Company Patents Share of group Share of total
All organizations 89,448 na 100.00
University of California 1,585 10.54 1.77
U.S. Department of Health and Human Services 1,021 6.79 1.14
Merck and Co., Inc. 943 6.27 1.05
Genentech, Inc. 792 5.27 0.89
Yoder Brothers, Inc. 729 4.85 0.82
Pioneer Hi-Bred International, Inc. 693 4.61 0.77
Eli Lilly and Company 674 4.48 0.75
Abbott Laboratories 654 4.35 0.73
Smithkline Beecham Corporation 636 4.23 0.71
University of Texas 576 3.83 0.64
Incyte Pharmaceuticals, Inc. 572 3.80 0.64
Boehringer Mannheim G.M.B.H. 549 3.65 0.61
Isis Pharmaceuticals, Inc. 512 3.40 0.57
Novo Nordisk A/S 490 3.26 0.55
Chiron Corporation 484 3.22 0.54
E. I. Du Pont De Nemours and Company 461 3.07 0.52
Becton, Dickinson and Company 427 2.84 0.48
Hoffmann-La Roche Inc. 426 2.83 0.48
U.S. Department of Agriculture 418 2.78 0.47
General Hospital Corporation 414 2.75 0.46
Johns Hopkins University 412 2.74 0.46
Hoechst Aktiengesellschaft 402 2.67 0.45
Institut Pasteur 395 2.63 0.44
Miles Inc. 387 2.57 0.43
Takeda Chemical Industries Ltd. 387 2.57 0.43
Subtotal 15,039 100.00 16.81
 

na = not applicable

SOURCE: U.S. Patent and Trademark Office, Office of Electronic Information Products, Patent Technology Monitoring Division, special tabulations (January 2005).

 
Science and Engineering Indicators 2006